descriptive analysis
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Adamu Abdullahi Garba ◽  
Maheyzah Muhamad Siraj ◽  
Siti Hajar Othman

<p>The world economy today has adopted the internet as a medium of transactions, this has made many organizations use the internet for their daily activities. With this, there is an urgent need to have knowledge in cybersecurity and also how to defend critical assets. The objective of this paper is to identify the level of cybersecurity awareness of students in Northeastern Nigeria. A quantitative approach was used for data collection and cyberbully, personal information, internet banking, internet addiction, and Self-protection were the items ask for cybersecurity awareness level identification. Descriptive analysis was performed for initial result findings using SPSS and OriginPro for graphical design. the preliminary result shows of the students have some basic knowledge of cybersecurity in an item like internet banking, while other items like cyberbully, self-protection and, internet addiction result show moderate awareness, the students' participation based on gender, males constitute 77.1% i.e. (N=340) and females constitute 22.9% i.e. (N=101). Future research would concentrate on designing awareness programs that would increase the level of their awareness especially the students in the Northeastern part of Nigeria.</p>

Dsouza Prima Frederick

Purpose: The article studies the impact of internal factors and external factors influencing an investor’s investment decision. Design/Methodology: The information for the study was obtained from secondary sources like journal papers, magazines and books. Findings: Human psychology has an internal role in investing choice, whereas corporate governance is an external influence. Corporate governance plays a major role in the investment decision-making process by revealing all elements of business information, but investors understand the information according to their own assessments and assumptions based on their psychology. As a result, a firm’s transparency hardly impacts in investment decisions, and it only works to a limited extent; the rest of the investment selection process is dominated by human behaviour. However, the firm is transparent, there is no guarantee that the investor will always act rationally when making a choice for investment. Originality/Value: Every investor should make rational decisions about their investments. Therefore, it is an investor’s responsibility to follow the information provided by the firm, although some investors fail to do so. As a result of investor psychology, investors’ investment decisions are beyond the reach of business transparency. The study implies that a behavioural survey will be useful in determining the factor influencing investors’ investing decisions. Type of Paper: Conceptual Paper

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 62-77
Juli Yanti Damanik

This study investigated the frequently used language learning strategies (LLS) by Indonesian learners in learning English for a high-stakes exam, IELTS. In addition, differences in the LLS use among participants with different proficiency were examined. Using a quantitative approach, data were collected by using an online survey by utilizing Oxford’s Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) as the instrument. Sixty-one Indonesian adult learners who had taken IELTS were involved in this study. Their IELTS score indicated their proficiency levels. Data analysis was carried out using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). It involved a descriptive analysis to find the frequency and an independent samples t-test to see the LLS use based on proficiency. The findings revealed that the participants used various LLS in learning English for IELTS. The most frequently used strategies were metacognitive, followed by cognitive, compensative, social, affective, and memory strategies. Meanwhile, the independent samples t-test showed that the difference in the LLS use among participants with different proficiency was not noticeable. Reflecting on the results, it is proposed that English teachers in Indonesia may start growing their learners’ awareness of LLS benefits and teach them to use them properly in their learning English for IELTS.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (4) ◽  
pp. 1050-1068
Imam Khulwani ◽  
Risal Rinofah ◽  
Pristin Prima Sari

This study aims to determine the effect of Regional Original Income, General Allocation Funds, Special Allocation Funds, partially and simultaneously effecting Capital Expenditures in Regencies/Cities in the Province of the Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY) in 2016-2020. The type of research used is the type of quantitative research. Secondary data obtained from the website ( In this study, it was analyzed using descriptive analysis and multiple linear regression analysis and processed with SPSS version 25. The results of this study indicate that partially: the Regional Original Income (PAD) variable has a partial effect on Capital Expenditures in 4 regencies and 1 city in the Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY), the General Allocation Fund (DAU) does not partially affect Capital Expenditures. , the Special Allocation Fund (DAK) has an effect on Capital Expenditures in 4 districts and 1 city in the Province of the Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY). Meanwhile, simultaneously: Variables of Local Revenue (PAD), General Allocation Fund (DAU), Special Allocation Fund (DAK) simultaneously have a significant effect on Capital Expenditures in 4 districts and 1 city in the Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY). ) with the period 2016-2020. Keywords: Regional Original Revenue, General Allocation Fund, Special Allocation Fund, Capital Expenditure.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 23
Agus Sarwo Edy Sudrajat ◽  
Nella Ardiantanti Siregar

<p class="Abstract"><em>Over time, The number of IKMs which continued to increase and were not accompanied by data collection was what ultimately caused problems. The lack of awareness to register a business that is owned is still one of the causes. In fact, this is very important to do. Seeing the above phenomenon makes us aware of the importance of data collection on IKM, especially those in Jepara District, Jepara Regency. This research method uses a qualitative approaches. The analysis technique used is descriptive analysis and normative analysis. The process of validation and data collection is based on the indocators contained in the querstionnaire. 9 indicators in data collection, namely IKM business actors, Business Permits, Type Of Industry, KBLI, Number Of Workers, Raw Materials, Working Capital, Production Capacity, and Investment. The final result of the activity is a data master document for IKM in Jepara District which is compiled in order to support the smooth implementation of goods / services procurement. </em></p><p class="Abstract"> </p>

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 880-894
Ana Marfuah ◽  
Kusuma Chandra Kirana ◽  
Didik Subiyanto

This research aims to determine the effect of competence and work ethic on work performance with motivation as a moderating variable. In this study using a population of all employees of PT. Sapta Sentosa Jaya Abadi Muko-Muko with a total of 70 respondents, the sampling technique used saturated sampling with questionnaires which were distributed to all employees of PT. Sapta Sentosa Jaya Abadi Muko-Muko. This research is a quantitative research. Data analysis techniques used in this research are descriptive analysis, multiple regression analysis, and Moderate Regression Analysis (MRA). The results of this study indicate that the competence variable has a positive and significant effect on work performance, the work ethic variable has a positive and significant effect on work performance, the motivation variable has a positive and significant effect on work performance, the motivation variable can moderate competence on work performance, The motivation variable cannot moderate work ethic on work performance Keywords: Motivation, Competence, Work Ethic, Work Performance

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 49
María José Hernández-Serrano ◽  
Barbara Jones ◽  
Paula Renés-Arellano ◽  
Rosalynn A. Campos Ortuño

This study analyses self-presentation practices and profiles among Spanish teenagers on Instagram and TikTok. Both of these online spaces prioritise and promote visual publications, are structured to allow feedback on self-presentation, and offer the user filters both to control self-image and to target specific audiences. Three research questions guided the methodological process for the twofold analysis of self-presentation practices on social networks: an exploratory factor analysis to identify latent factors among these practices; and a descriptive analysis of the profiles identified by gender and age. Results indicate that adolescents’ self-presentation practices were related to three different factors: social validation; authenticity; and image control. One of the most outstanding results is that self-presentation practices could be less guided by social feedback, since the number of followers or likes was irrelevant for most adolescents, and that adolescents increasingly tend to be guided by innovative predispositions of truthfulness. In turn, conclusions suggest that teens need to be equipped with suitable self-representation practices for safe and sustainable identity narratives on social networks, since the global COVID-19 pandemic has exponentially increased both the usage and the time spent on social networking sites, enlarging the availability of spaces for adolescents to express themselves and build their identities through different self-representation practices.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 243-257
Sukiman*, Sri ◽  
Sri Haningsih ◽  
Puspo Rohmi

<p style="text-align: justify;">Online learning during the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has awakened and affirmed the necessity of learning based on digital technology. The article was aimed to analyze the effectiveness of online learning at bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees of Islamic Religious Education as a reference to develop a learning pattern post-COVID-19 pandemic. The research employed a mixed-method design with a concurrent triangulation model. The samples were taken using stratified random and purposive sampling. Meanwhile, the data were collected through questionnaires, in-depth interviews, and forum group discussion. A descriptive analysis and one-way analysis of variance were used to analyze the quantitative data, while interpretative descriptive for the qualitative data. The research showed that online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic at the bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees of Islamic Religious Education have been effective. In detail, online learning at the doctoral degree was the most effective among all. On the other hand, face-to-face learning is still necessary. Therefore, the learning pattern developed post-COVID-19 pandemic combines face-to-face and online learning (hybrid learning). The formulation is adjusted to the characteristics, educational purpose and orientation, level of ability, readiness, and learning autonomy of the students at each educational level.</p>

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 838-852
Syamsuri Syamsuri ◽  
Annisa Silviana Yuniar ◽  
Nur Afifah

Economic inequality in Indonesia is growing with increasing poverty caused by unequal distribution. This can be seen in the number of poor people in 2020 reaching 27.55 million people compared to September 2019 reaching 24.79 million people. All government efforts to resolve economic disparities have been carried out, such as distribution of taxes, infrastructure, the flow of BLM funds, RPJMN. However, these efforts only prioritize large projects, so they have not been able to resolve the gap. Another effort is by waqf shares because the profits can be used for the benefit of the community which can be distributed evenly by the waqf manager. Share waqf is the use of funds from shareholders in the form of profits and capital distributed to waqf recipients by waqif in the form of employment, education, worship and other community needs. This study aims to determine the role of share waqf in resolving economic disparities. This study was written using a qualitative method with a literature review approach. Data collection comes from articles and books on gap settlement and the role of share waqf, as well as several government program reports. The data analysis technique used in this study is descriptive analysis. The results of this study can be concluded that share waqf has a role in resolving economic disparities by making the company's capital and stock dividends the object of waqf, then the wakif appoints a nadzir from the waqf institution to manage the waqf in the form of riil and non-riil sectors.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 235-242
Md. Abdul Jalil

Background: A circumferential strip of mucosa about 1.5 to 2 centimetres above the dentate line is removed in stapled hemorrhoidectomy, a new technique for haemorrhoids treatments. Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate complications after stapled hemorrhoidectomy.Methods:A total of 101 patients between the age group 20 to 70 years were diagnosed with grade 3 and grade 4 haemorrhoids. Patients are included in stapled haemorrhoidectomy. The questionnaire focused on stapled hemorrhoidectomy procedures performed in the period July 2018 to June 2020. Descriptive analysis was done based on the student’s T-test using SPSS 24 software version. The level of significance was set at 5% (p < 0.05).Results:In the 2-years timeframe, out of 101 patients in the Immediate (within 1 week) complications of stapled hemorrhoidectomy, 84.16% were in None, 5.94% were severe pain, 3.96% were bleeding, 1.98% were Thrombosis, 0.99% were urinary retention, 1.98% were Anastomotic dehiscence 0.99% were Fissure, 0.99% were perineal intramural hematoma and 0.99% were submucosal abscess. Out of 90.09% were in none, 1.98% were Recurrent hemorrhoids, 0.99% were Severe pain, Stenosis, Fissure, Skin tag, Thrombosis, Staples problems, Intramural abscess and Intussusception.Conclusion:Although stapled hemorrhoidectomy appears to be promising, we believe that a multicenter randomized controlled trial with a long-term follow-up comparing stapled hemorrhoidectomy and banding is required before the treatment can be recommended. The majority of difficulties can be avoided by following the rectal wall anatomy during the surgery.

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