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Published By Microbiology Society

1466-5034, 1466-5026

Inhyup Kim ◽  
Geeta Chhetri ◽  
Jiyoun Kim ◽  
Minchung Kang ◽  
Yoonseop So ◽  

Two bacterial strains, designated MJB4T and SJ7T, were isolated from water samples collected from Jeongbang Falls on Jeju Island, Republic of Korea. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the two strains belonged to the genera Nocardioides and Hyunsoonleella , owing to their high similarities to Nocardioides jensenii DSM 29641T (97.5 %) and Hyunsoonleella rubra FA042 T (96.3 %), respectively. These values are much lower than the gold standard for bacterial species (98.7 %). The average nucleotide identity values between strains MJB4T, SJ7T and the reference strains, Nocardioides jensenii DSM 29641T, Nocardioides daejeonensis MJ31T and Hyunsoonleella flava T58T were 77.2, 75.9 and 75.4 %, respectively. Strains MJB4T and SJ7T and the type strains of the species involved in system incidence have average nucleotide identity and average amino acid threshold values of 60.1–82.6 % for the species boundary (95–96 %), which confirms that strains MJB4T and SJ7T represent two new species of genus Nocardioides and Hyunsoonleella , respectively. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic data, strains MJB4T and SJ7T are considered to represent novel species of the genus Nocardioides and Hyunsoonleella , respectively, for which the names Nocardioides donggukensis sp. nov. (type strain MJB4T=KACC 21724T=NBRC 114402T) and Hyunsoonleella aquatilis sp. nov., (type strain SJ7T=KACC 21715T=NBRC 114486T) have been proposed.

Narissara Sirireung ◽  
Thitikorn Duangupama ◽  
Chanwit Suriyachadkun ◽  
Chitti Thawai

A novel acid-tolerant actinobacterium (strain LPG 2T), which formed fragmented substrate mycelia, was isolated from bio-fertiliser of Musa spp. collected from Lampang Province, Thailand. Its morphological and chemotaxonomic properties, e.g., the presence of mycolic acid and MK-8 (H4ω-cycl) in the cells, showed that strain LPG 2T was a member of the genus Nocardia . 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that this strain was closely related to Nocardia otitidiscaviarum NBRC 14405T (98.7 %). The low average nucleotide identity–blast and digital DNA–DNA hybridization values (<78.6 and <24.0 %, respectively), and several phenotypic differences between strain LPG 2T and its related Nocardia type strains, indicated that the strain merits classification as representing a novel species of the genus Nocardia , for which we propose the name Nocardia acididurans sp. nov. The type strain is LPG 2T (=TBRC 11242T=NBRC 114293T).

Lei-Lei Yang ◽  
Hong-Can Liu ◽  
Qing Liu ◽  
Yu-Hua Xin

Two Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped, pink and light pink colony-forming bacteria, designated as Hz2T and MDT2-14T, respectively, were isolated from glacier cryoconite samples. Comparisons based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains Hz2T and MDT2-14T take Arthrobacter bussei KR32T and Arthrobacter zhaoguopingii J391T as their closest neighbours, respectively. The average nucleotide identity values between the two novel strains and their closest relatives were 83.56 and 93.06 %, respectively. The two strains contain MK-9(H2) as their predominant menaquinone. The polar lipids of both strains were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and an unidentified glycolipid. The major fatty acids of strain Hz2T were anteiso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1  ω7c and/or C16 : 1  ω6c) and iso-C15 : 0, while the major fatty acids of strain MDT2-14T were anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. Based on these data, we propose two novel species, Arthrobacter cheniae sp. nov. (Hz2T = CGMCC 1.9262T=NBRC 113086T) and Arthrobacter frigidicola sp. nov. (MDT2-14T=CGMCC 1.9882T=NBRC 113089T).

Shahina Akter ◽  
Sun-Young Lee ◽  
Md. Amdadul Huq

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and non-motile novel bacterial strain, designated MAH-13T, was isolated from a soil sample. The colonies were observed to be yellow-coloured, smooth, spherical and 1.8–3.0 mm in diameter when grown on nutrient agar medium for 2 days. Strain MAH-13T was found to be able to grow at 20–40 °C, at pH 5.0–10.0 and with 0–1.0% NaCl (w/v). Cell growth occurred on tryptone soya agar, Luria–Bertani agar, nutrient agar and Reasoner's 2A agar. The strain was found to be positive for both oxidase and catalase tests. The strain was positive for hydrolysis of casein, starch, DNA and l-tyrosine. According to 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, the isolate was identified as a member of the genus Frateuria and to be closely related to Frateuria terrea DSM 26515T (98.2% similarity), Dyella thiooxydans ATSB10T (98.2 %), Frateuria defendens HyOGT (97.9 %), Rhodanobacter glycinis MO64T (97.8 %) and Frateuria aurantia DSM 6220T (97.8 %). The novel strain MAH-13T has a draft genome size of 3 682 848 bp (40 contigs), annotated with 3172 protein-coding genes, 49 tRNA genes and three rRNA genes. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA–DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain MAH-13T and five closely related type strains were in the range of 73.7–85.5 % and 20.7–30.1%, respectively. The genomic DNA G+C content was determined to be 68.0 mol%. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone 8. The major fatty acids were identified as iso-C15:0, iso-C16:0 and summed feature 9 (iso-C17 : 1 ω9c and/or C16:0 10-methyl). On the basis of dDDH and ANI values, genotypic analysis, and chemotaxonomic and physiological data, strain MAH-13T represents a novel species within the genus Frateuria , for which the name Frateuria flava sp. nov. is proposed, with MAH-13T (=KACC 19743T=CGMCC 1.13655T) as the type strain.

Harriet C. C. Gooch ◽  
Raymond Kiu ◽  
Steven Rudder ◽  
David J. Baker ◽  
Lindsay J. Hall ◽  

Four bacterial strains were isolated from two different colony sources of the wax moth Galleria mellonella. They were characterized by a polyphasic approach including 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, core-genome analysis, average nucleotide identity (ANI) analysis, digital DNA–DNA hybridization (dDDH), determination of G+C content, screening of antibiotic resistance genes, and various phenotypic analyses. Initial analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence identities indicated that strain GAL7T was potentially very closely related to Enterococcus casseliflavus and Enterococcus gallinarum , having 99.5–99.9 % sequence similarity. However, further analysis of whole genome sequences revealed a genome size of 3.69 Mb, DNA G+C content of 42.35 mol%, and low dDDH and ANI values between the genomes of strain GAL7T and closest phylogenetic relative E. casseliflavus NBRC 100478T of 59.0 and 94.5 %, respectively, indicating identification of a putative new Enterococcus species. In addition, all novel strains encoded the atypical vancomycin-resistance gene vanC-4. Results of phylogenomic, physiological and phenotypic characterization confirmed that strain GAL7T represented a novel species within the genus Enterococcus , for which the name Enterococcus innesii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GAL7T (=DSM 112306T=NCTC 14608T).

João Trovão ◽  
Fabiana Soares ◽  
Igor Tiago ◽  
António Portugal

Fungi are one of the main agents of stone biodeterioration worldwide, since they strongly interfere with its integrity, aesthetical and structural natural properties. During an experimental survey aimed to isolate fungal species contributing to the biodeterioration of the limestone walls of the Old Cathedral of Coimbra (Portuguese unesco World Heritage site), a Talaromyces species that could not be identified to any currently known species in this genus was isolated. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the internal transcribed spacer, β-tubulin and RNA polymerase II subunit 2, placed this fungus in Talaromyces sect. Purpurei, while also pointing at its phylogenetic distinction from the remaining species in this section. Thus, a novel species, Talaromyces saxoxalicus sp. nov., is here proposed. Moreover, considering the isolation source of this fungus and in an attempt to understand its contribution to the overall stone monument biodeterioration, the species's in vitro biodeteriorative potential was also evaluated. The results highlighted that the species exhibited an in vitro biodeteriorative ability (calcium oxalate crystal formation), highlighting its potential deteriorative profile.

Ekaterina N. Tikhonova ◽  
Denis S. Grouzdev ◽  
Alexander N. Avtukh ◽  
Irina K. Kravchenko

A novel species is proposed for a high-affinity methanotrophic representative of the genus Methylocystis . Strain FST was isolated from a weakly acidic (pH 5.3) mixed forest soil of the southern Moscow area. Cells of FST are aerobic, Gram-negative, non-motile, curved coccoids or short rods that contain an intracytoplasmic membrane system typical of type-II methanotrophs. Only methane and methanol are used as carbon sources. FST grew at a temperature range of 4–37 °C (optimum 25–30 °C) and a pH range of 4.5 to 7.5 (optimum pH 6.0–6.5). The major fatty acids were C18  :  1ω8c, C18  :  1ω7c and C18  :  0; the major quinone as Q-8. FST displays 16S rRNA gene sequences similarity to other taxonomically recognized members of the genus Methylocystis, with Methylocystis hirsuta CSC1T (99.6 % similarity) and Methylocystis rosea SV97T (99.3 % similarity) as its closest relatives. The genome comprises 3.85 Mbp and has a DNA G+C content of 62.6 mol%. Genomic analyses and DNA–DNA relatedness with genome-sequenced members of the genus Methylocystis demonstrated that FST could be separated from its closest relatives. FST possesses two particulate methane monooxygenases (pMMO): low-affinity pMMO1 and high-affinity pMMO2. In laboratory experiments, it was demonstrated that FST might oxidize methane at atmospheric concentration. The genome contained various genes for nitrogen fixation, polyhydroxybutyrate synthesis, antibiotic resistance and detoxification of arsenic, cyanide and mercury. On the basis of genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, it is proposed that the isolate represents a novel species, Methylocystis silviterrae sp. nov. The type strain is FST (=KCTC 82935T=VKM B-3535T).

Nay C. Dia ◽  
Johan Van Vaerenbergh ◽  
Cinzia Van Malderghem ◽  
Jochen Blom ◽  
Theo H. M. Smits ◽  

This paper describes a novel species isolated in 2011 and 2012 from nursery-grown Hydrangea arborescens cultivars in Flanders, Belgium. After 4 days at 28 °C, the strains yielded yellow, round, convex and mucoid colonies. Pathogenicity of the strains was confirmed on its isolation host, as well as on Hydrangea quercifolia. Analysis using MALDI-TOF MS identified the Hydrangea strains as belonging to the genus Xanthomonas but excluded them from the species Xanthomonas hortorum . A phylogenetic tree based on gyrB confirmed the close relation to X. hortorum . Three fatty acids were dominant in the Hydrangea isolates: anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1  ω7c/C16 : 1  ω6c). Unlike X. hortorum pathovars, the Hydrangea strains were unable to grow in the presence of lithium chloride and could only weakly utilize d-fructose-6-PO4 and glucuronamide. Phylogenetic characterization based on multilocus sequence analysis and phylogenomic characterization revealed that the strains are close to, yet distinct from, X. hortorum . The genome sequences of the strains had average nucleotide identity values ranging from 94.35–95.19 % and in silico DNA–DNA hybridization values ranging from 55.70 to 59.40 % to genomes of the X. hortorum pathovars. A genomics-based loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay was developed which was specific to the Hydrangea strains for its early detection. A novel species, Xanthomonas hydrangeae sp. nov., is proposed with strain LMG 31884T (=CCOS 1956T) as the type strain.

Masanori Tohno ◽  
Yasuhiro Tanizawa ◽  
Yoichiro Kojima ◽  
Mitsuo Sakamoto ◽  
Moriya Ohkuma ◽  

In Japan, during a screening of lactic acid bacteria in spent mushroom substrates, an unknown bacterium was isolated and could not be assigned to any known species. Strain YK48GT is Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, non-motile, non-spore-forming and catalase-negative. The isolate grew in 0–4 % (w/v) NaCl, at 15–37 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and at pH 4.0–8.0 (optimum, pH 6.0). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain YK48GT was 42.5 mol%. Based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain YK48GT represented a member of the genus Lentilactobacillus and showed the highest pairwise similarity to Lentilactobacillus rapi DSM 19907T (97.86 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on amino acid sequences of 466 shared protein-encoding genes also revealed that the strain was phylogenetically positioned in the genus Lentilactobacillus but did not suggest an affiliation with previously described species. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain YK48GT and the type strains of phylogenetically related species were 72.2–76.6% and 19.0–21.2 %, respectively, indicating that strain YK48GT represents a novel species within the genus Lentilactobacillus . Phenotypic data further confirmed the differentiation of strain YK48GT from other members of the genus Lentilactobacillus . According to the results of the polyphasic characterization presented in this study, strain YK48GT represents a novel species of the genus Lentilactobacillus , for which the name Lentilactobacillus fungorum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YK48GT (=JCM 32598T=DSM 107968T).

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