16s rrna
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

10225
(FIVE YEARS 3561)

H-INDEX

207
(FIVE YEARS 38)

2024 ◽  
Vol 84 ◽  
Author(s):  
A. Javaid ◽  
M. Hussain ◽  
K. Aftab ◽  
M. F. Malik ◽  
M. Umar ◽  
...  

Abstract The impact of antibiotics on growth, cocoon production was assessed in addition to isolation and characterization of bacteria associated with silkworm gut of infected larvae. Larval rearing was maintained at recommended conditions of temperature and humidity. Silkworm larvae showing abnormal symptoms were collected from the control group and dissected for gut collection. Bacteria were isolated from the gut content by spreading on agar plates and incubated at 37 °C for 48 hrs. Bacterial identification and phylogenetic analysis were carried out by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The isolated bacteria were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility test (disc diffusion methods) by using Penicillin (10 µg/mL), Tetracycline (30 µg/mL), Amoxicillin (25 µg/mL), Ampicillin (10 µg/mL), and Erythromycin (15 µg/mL). All isolated strains showed positive results for the catalase test. We isolated and identified bacterial strains (n = 06) from the gut of healthy and diseased silkworm larvae. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, isolated bacteria showed close relation with Serratia, Bacillus, and Pseudomonas spp. Notably, 83.3% of strains were resistant to Penicillin, Tetracycline, Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, and Erythromycin but 16.6% showed antibiotic susceptibility to the above-mentioned commonly used antibiotics. Silkworm larvae fed on penicillin-treated leaves showed significant improvement in larval weight, larval length, and cocoon production. Significantly higher larval weight (6.88g), larval length (5.84cm), and cocoon weight (1.33g) were recorded for larvae fed on leaves treated with penicillin as compared to other antibiotics. Isolated bacterial strains showed close relation with Serratia spp., Bacillus spp. and Pseudomonas spp.


2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
M. Idnan ◽  
A. Javid ◽  
M. Tayyab ◽  
A. Hussain ◽  
S. Mansoor ◽  
...  

Abstract A total of 10 specimens were captured from selected sites of Bajaur Agency FATA, Pakistan using mist nets. The captured specimens were morphologically identified and various morphometric measurements were taken. The head and Body length (HB) of Pipistrellus coromondra and Pipistrellus kuhlii lepidus (n=10) was 43±0.11 mm and 45±1.1 respectively. Morphologically identified Pipistrellus kuhlii confirmed as Pipistrellus kuhlii lepidus based on 16S rRNA sequences. The DNA sequences were submitted to GenBank and accession numbers were obtained (MN 719478 and MT430902). The available 16S rRNA gene sequences of Pipistrellus coromondra and Pipistrellus kuhlii lepidus were retrieved from NCBI and incorporated in N-J tree analysis. Overall, the interspecific genetic variations among Pipistrellus coromondra and Pipistrellus kuhlii lepidus were 8% and 1% respectively. In our recommendation, a comprehensive molecular identification of bats is need of hour to report more cryptic and new species from Pakistan.


2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
A. Belmok ◽  
T. Rodrigues-Oliveira ◽  
F.A.C. Lopes ◽  
R.H. Krüger ◽  
C.M. Kyaw

Abstract Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays targeting 16S rRNA genes followed by DNA sequencing are still important tools to characterize microbial communities present in environmental samples. However, despite the crescent number of deposited archaeal DNA sequences in databases, until now we do not have a clear picture of the effectiveness and specificity of the universal primers widely used to describe archaeal communities from different natural habitats. Therefore, in this study, we compared the phylogenetic profile obtained when Cerrado lake sediment DNA samples were submitted to 16S rDNA PCR employing three Archaea-specific primer sets commonly used. Our findings reveal that specificity of primers differed depending on the source of the analyzed DNA. Furthermore, archaeal communities revealed by each primer pair varied greatly, indicating that 16S rRNA gene primer choice affects the community profile obtained, with differences in both taxon detection and operational taxonomic unit (OTU) estimates.


2024 ◽  
Vol 84 ◽  
Author(s):  
S. Malik ◽  
M. Rashid ◽  
A. Javid ◽  
A. Hussain ◽  
S. M. Bukhari ◽  
...  

Abstract During the present study, specimens were collected from selected sites of Cholistan desert and Kalabagh Game Reserve, Punjab province, Pakistan. Each captured specimen was tagged with voucher number and morphometric measurements were taken. The average snout to vent length was 172.559±1.40 mm and average weight was 92.1±1.30 g. The DNA of Uromastyx hardwickii was amplified and sequenced using 16S rRNA primer set. The obtained DNA sequence has shown reliable and clear species identification. After trimming ambiguous bases, the obtained 16S rRNA fragment was 520 bp while 16S rRNA fragments aligned with closely matched sequence from NCBI comprised of 510 bp. Closely matched sequences of genus Uromastyx were retrieved from NCBI in blast searches. Neighbour-joining tree of genus Uromastyx was constructed based on p-distance using MEGA X. The mean intraspecific variation was 0.095±0.01 while intraspecific variation was ranging from 0-1%. Similarly, interspecific variation of Uromastyx hardwikii with Saara asmussi, Uromastyx alfredschmidti, Uromastyx geyri, Uromastyx thomasi, Uromastyx alfredschmidti was 0-12%, 0-19%, 0-19%, 0-20%, 12-19% respectively. The newly produced DNA was submitted to NCBI and accession number was obtained (MW052563.1). Results of current study provided information about the molecular and morphological identification of Genus Uromastyx. In our recommendation, comprehensive molecular based identification of Pakistan’s reptiles is required to report any new or subspecies from country.


2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
B. M. Khan ◽  
M. Sabir ◽  
M. N. Alyemeni ◽  
P. Kaushik ◽  
M. Saeed ◽  
...  

Abstract This study aimed to identify the phylogenetic similarities among the muntjac (Muntiacus spp.). The phylogenetic similarities among seven major muntjac species were studied by comparing the nucleotide sequence of 16s rRNA and cytochrome b genome. Nucleotide sequences, retrieved from NCBI databases were aligned by using DNASTAR software. A phylogenetic tree was created for the selected species of muntjac by using the maximum likelihood method on MEGA7 software. The results of nucleotide sequences (16s rRNA) showed phylogenetic similarities between, the M. truongsonensis and M. rooseveltorum had the highest (99.2%) while the lowest similarities (96.8%) found between M. crinifrons and M. putaoensi. While the results of nucleotide sequences (Cty b) showed the highest similarity (100%) between M. muntjak and M. truongsonensis and the lowest s (91.5%) among M. putaoensis and M. crinifrons. The phylogenetic tree of muntjac species (16s rRNA gene) shows the main two clusters, the one including M. putaoensis, M. truongsonensis, M. rooseveltorum, and M. muntjak, and the second one including M. crinifrons and M. vuquangensis. The M. reevesi exists separately in the phylogenetic tree. The phylogenetic tree of muntjac species using cytochrome b genes shows that the M. muntjak and M. truongsonensis are clustered in the same group.


2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
I. Liaqat ◽  
N. M. Ali ◽  
N. Arshad ◽  
S. Sajjad ◽  
F. Rashid ◽  
...  

Abstract The study was aimed to assess impact of high fat diet (HFD) and synthetic human gut microbiota (GM) combined with HFD and chow diet (CD) in inducing type-2 diabetes (T2D) using mice model. To our knowledge, this is the first study using selected human GM transplantation via culture based method coupled dietary modulation in mice for in vivo establishment of inflammation leading to T2D and gut dysbiosis. Twenty bacteria (T2D1-T2D20) from stool samples of confirmed T2D subjects were found to be morphologically different and subjected to purification on different media both aerobically and anerobically, which revealed seven bacteria more common among 20 isolates on the basis of biochemical characterization. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequencing, these seven isolates were identified as Bacteroides stercoris (MT152636), Lactobacillus acidophilus (MT152637), Lactobacillus salivarius (MT152638), Ruminococcus bromii (MT152639), Klebsiella aerogenes (MT152640), Bacteroides fragilis (MT152909), Clostridium botulinum (MT152910). The seven isolates were subsequently used as synthetic gut microbiome (GM) for their role in inducing T2D in mice. Inbred strains of albino mice were divided into four groups and were fed with CD, HFD, GM+HFD and GM+CD. Mice receiving HFD and GM+modified diet (CD/HFD) showed highly significant (P<0.05) increase in weight and blood glucose concentration as well as elevated level of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, and MCP-1) compared to mice receiving CD only. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing of 11 fecal bacteria obtained from three randomly selected animals from each group revealed gut dysbiosis in animals receiving GM. Bacterial strains including Bacteroides gallinarum (MT152630), Ruminococcus bromii (MT152631), Lactobacillus acidophilus (MT152632), Parabacteroides gordonii (MT152633), Prevotella copri (MT152634) and Lactobacillus gasseri (MT152635) were isolated from mice treated with GM+modified diet (HFD/CD) compared to strains Akkermansia muciniphila (MT152625), Bacteriodes sp. (MT152626), Bacteroides faecis (MT152627), Bacteroides vulgatus (MT152628), Lactobacillus plantarum (MT152629) which were isolated from mice receiving CD/HFD. In conclusion, these findings suggest that constitution of GM and diet plays significant role in inflammation leading to onset or/and possibly progression of T2D. .


2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
L. A. Can-Herrera ◽  
C. D. Gutierrez-Canul ◽  
M. A. A. Dzul-Cervantes ◽  
O. F. Pacheco-Salazar ◽  
J. D. Chi-Cortez ◽  
...  

Abstract Isla Arena is located in the coordinate 20° 70´ N - 90° 45´ W, from Campeche, Mexico. In these estuaries, the ocean mixes with fresh water, and ecosystems are concentrated where petenes and pink flamingos proliferate. Crustaceans and mollusks abound in the sea. Despite its enormous marine wealth, there are no studies carried out on which halophilic microorganisms are present in these waters. In this work, the diversity and structure of the microbial community was investigated through a metagenomics approach and corroborated for sequencing of 16S rRNA genes. It was found that the phylum Fimicutes predominates with more than 50%, in almost the same proportion of the class Bacilli and with almost 41% of relative abundance of the order Bacillales. The sequencing results showed that one of the samples presented a high percentage of similarity (99.75%) using the Nucleotide BLAST program with a peculiar microorganism: Bacillus subtilis. This microorganism is one of the best characterized bacteria among the gram-positive ones. Our results demonstrate that B. subtilis can be an efficient source of proteases, lipases and cellulases, from halophilic microbial communities located in poorly explored areas.


Author(s):  
Tiago Pereira ◽  
Tina Walters ◽  
Hisham El-Shaffey ◽  
Holly Bik ◽  
Marc Frischer

Doliolids often form massive blooms during upwelling conditions in sub-tropical shelves. However, their trophic role, including their nutritious fecal pellets, in pelagic marine food webs remains poorly investigated. In this study, we performed three independent feeding experiments of cultured Dolioletta gegenbauri and used qPCR analysis and 16S rRNA metabarcoding to characterize the microbial community associated with full gut (FG) and empty (EG) doliolids, fresh (FP2Hrs) and senescing (FP24Hrs) fecal pellets, and the surrounding natural seawater (SW). Bacterial abundance (i.e., 16S rRNA gene copies) in EG samples was an order of magnitude lower than in SW and three orders lower than in FP24Hrs. Diversity analyses, based on the 16S rRNA metabarcoding data, supported a richer microbial community in SW, FP2Hrs, FP24Hrs, and FG samples. Furthermore, microbial community structure was determined by sample type, with FG samples appearing more similar to either FP2Hrs or FP24Hrs. These patterns resulted from the higher number of shared ASVs and consequently the contribution of similar major bacterial taxa (e.g., Rhodobacteraceae, Pirellulaceae). These observations support the hypothesis that there are significant ecological and trophic interactions between D. gegenbauri and the ocean microbiome. Predicted gene function recovered many genes related to key processes in the marine environment and supported greater similarity between FP2Hrs, FP24Hrs, and FG samples. These observations suggest that pelagic marine bacteria are utilized by D. gegenbauri to digest captured prey particles, and the subsequent release of fecal pellets supports the rapid proliferation of distinct microbial communities which likely influence key biogeochemical processes in the ocean.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Delong Kong ◽  
Qingqing Li ◽  
Yanzheng Zhou ◽  
Yan Wang ◽  
Xu Jiang ◽  
...  

Abstract A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and motile bacterium, named LAMW06T, was isolated from greenhouse soil in Beijing, China. In the 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison, strain LAMW06T had the highest similarity with Pseudomonas cuatrocienegasensis 1NT was 97.4%. Phylogenetic analysis base on the 16S rRNA and three housekeeping gene sequences (gyrB, rpoB and rpoD) indicated that LAMW06T represented a member of the genus Pseudomonas. The genome sequence size of the isolate was 5.5 Mb, with the DNA G+C content of 63.5 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain LAMW06T and closely related members of Pseudomonas borbori R-20821T, Pseudomonas taeanensis MS-3T and Pseudomonas cuatrocienegasensis 1NT were 90.9%, 82.4%, 81.5 % and 43.0%, 25.9%, 24.6 % respectively. The major fatty acids contained summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6c and/or C16:1 ω7c), C18:1 ω7c and C16:0. The primary respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-9. The main polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, six aminophospholipids, six phospholipids, one aminolipid and one glycolipid. According to the genotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic data, strain LAMW06T represents a novel species within the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas tumuqiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LAMW06T (=GDMCC 1.2003T =KCTC 72829T).


Plant Disease ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Utpal Handique ◽  
Yaning Cao ◽  
Dekang Wang ◽  
Ruofang Zhang ◽  
Wensi Li ◽  
...  

Pectobacterium spp. and Dickeya spp. cause blackleg and soft rot on potato worldwide (Charkowski, 2018). Potato plants (cv. Favorita or Jizhang 8#) with blackleg symptoms (vascular browning of crown stems, Fig. S1) were observed in the field in Zhangjiakou, Hebei province in 2018, and in Ningde, Fujian Province in 2019, in China. The disease incidence was around 50% and 10% in Zhangjiakou (5 ha) and Ningde (4 ha), respectively. Diseased plants (3 from each site) were collected to isolate the pathogen. Blackleg symptomatic stems were soaked in 75% ethanol for 2 min, rinsed and ground in sterile distilled water. Serial tenfold dilutions of the above solution were plated onto the crystal violet pectate agar (CVP) plate (Ge et al., 2018). Two to 3 days after incubation at 28°C, 4 bacterial colonies in total which digested pectin from the media and developed pit on CVP plates were purified and sequenced for identification using the universal 16S rRNA gene primer set 27F/1492R (Monciardini et al., 2002). Two colony sequences that showed more than 99% sequence identity to Pectobacterium punjabense type strain SS95 (MH249622) were submitted to the GenBank ( accession numbers: OK510280, MT242589). Additionally, six housekeeping genes proA (OK546205, OK546199), gyrA (OK546206, OK546200), icdA (OK546207, OK546201), mdh (OK546208, OK546202), gapA (OK546209, OK546203), and rpoS (OK546210, OK546204) of these two isolates were amplified and sequenced (Ma et al., 2007, Waleron et al., 2008). All strains show 99% to 100% identity with MH249622T . Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences (Fig. S2) and concatenated sequences of the housekeeping genes (Fig. S3) of the 2 isolates were constructed using MEGA 6.0 software (Tamura et al., 2013). Koch’s postulate was performed on potato seedlings and potato tubers (cv. Favorita) by injecting 100 μl bacterial suspension (105 CFU/ml) or sterile phosphate-buffered solution into the crown area of the stems or the tubers and kept at 100% humidity and 21°C for 1 day. Four days after inoculation, the infected area of the inoculated seedlings rotten and turned black, while the controls were symptomless (Fig. S4). Two days after inoculation, the infected tubers rotten and turned black, while the controls were symptomless (Fig. S4). Bacterial colonies were reisolated from these symptomatic tissues and identified using the same methods described above. Blackleg on potato plants or soft rot on potato has been reported to be caused by Pectobacterium atrosepticum, Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum, Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. brasiliense, Pectobacterium parmentieri, Pectobacterium polaris in China (Zhao et al., 2018; Cao et al., 2021; Wang et al., 2021). To our knowledge, this is the first report of blackleg/soft rot of potato caused by Pectobacterium punjabense in China. We believe that this report will draw attention to the management of this pathogen in China.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document