Classical and Physical Security of Symmetric Key Cryptographic Algorithms

Author(s):  
Anubhab Baksi
Author(s):  
Yegireddi Ramesh ◽  
Kiran Kumar Reddi

With the enormous growth in the Internet and network, data security has become an inevitable concern for any organization. From antecedent security has attracted considerable attention from network researchers. In this perspective many possible fields of endeavour come to mind with many cryptographic algorithms in a broader way, each is highly worthy and lengthy. As society is moving towards digital information age we necessitate highly standard algorithms which compute faster when data size is of wide range or scope. On survey, numerous sequential approaches carried out by symmetric key algorithms on 128 bits as block size are ascertained to be highly in securable and resulting at a low speed. As in the course the commodities are immensely parallelized on multi core processors to solve computational problems, in accordance with, propound parallel symmetric key based algorithms to encrypt/decrypt large data for secure conveyance. The algorithm is aimed to prevail by considering 64 character (512 bits) plain text data, processed 16 characters separately by applying parallelism and finally combine each 16 character cipher data to form 64 character cipher text. The round function employed in the algorithm is very complex, on which improves efficacy.


Author(s):  
Mahaba Saad ◽  
Khalid Youssef ◽  
Mohamed Tarek ◽  
Hala Abdel-Kader

<p>Nowadays, demands of data security are increasing, especially after introduction of wireless communications to the masses. Cryptographic algorithms are mainly used to obtain confidentiality and integrity of data in communication. There are a variety of encryption algorithms have been developed. This paper provides quantitative analysis and comparison of some symmetric key cryptographic ciphers (DES, 3DES, AES, Blowfish, RC5, and RC6).  The quantitative analysis approach is a step towards optimizing the security operations for an efficient next generation family of network processors with enhanced speed and power performance. A framework will be proposed as a reference model for quantitative analysis of security algorithm mathematical and logical operations. This paper also provides a dynamic crypto processor used for selected symmetric key cryptographic ciphers   and  provides an implementation of 16bit cryptographic processor that performs logical operations and arithmetic operations like rotate shift left, modular addition 2^16, S_box operation, and key expansion operation  on spartan6 lower power, xc6slx150L-1lfgg676 FPGA. Simulation results show that developed processor working with high Speed, low power, and low delay time. </p>


2018 ◽  
Vol 7 (3.34) ◽  
pp. 554
Author(s):  
Seung Hwan Ju ◽  
Hee Suk Seo

Background/Objectives: Security features are an essential part of recent smart metering systems. Smart meters are considered an important facility that must be protected by applying the latest security technologies.Methods/Statistical analysis: Security context determines the rules for applying/verifying security. DLMS/COSEM have Security suite to set of cryptographic algorithms. This is based on symmetric key based cryptographic communication. The high level security requires public key based cryptographic communication and digital signature.The security specification references the key scheme of DLMS-COSEM, which is based on a single set of unique symmetric keys per meter.Findings: we have studied a sequence for distributing security keys required by DLMS / COSEM.Our smart metering key distribution system can provide a security key management system such as key generation / distribution between AMI components. This is a PKI-based authentication using public key method (ECC), and a DLMS standard key distribution method after generating a session key using a public key. This system can also provide a key management scheme between DLMS clients not defined in the DLMS standard.Improvements/Applications: we analyze security requirements of DLMS/COSEM for secure smart metering and design key distribution/management method.  


Electronics ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 9 (6) ◽  
pp. 957 ◽  
Author(s):  
Juhyun Park ◽  
Yongsu Park

Software uses cryptography to provide confidentiality in communication and to provide authentication. Additionally, cryptographic algorithms can be used to protect software against cracking core algorithms in software implementation. Recently, malware and ransomware have begun to use encryption to protect their codes from analysis. As for the detection of cryptographic algorithms, previous works have had demerits in analyzing anti-reverse engineered binaries that can detect differences in analysis environments and normal execution. Here, we present a new symmetric-key cryptographic routine detection scheme using hardware tracing. In our experiments, patterns were successfully generated and detected for nine symmetric-key cryptographic algorithms. Additionally, the experimental results show that the false positive rate of our scheme is extremely low and the prototype implementation successfully bypasses anti-reversing techniques. Our work can be used to detect symmetric-key cryptographic routines in malware/ransomware with anti-reversing techniques.


Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) are the newest for of Ad Hoc Networks in which moving vehicles act as routers and nodes to form a network. VANETs use many cryptographic approaches like symmetric key approaches, public key approaches, certificate revocation, pseudonym based approaches, identity-based cryptography, identity-based signature, Elliptical Curve Cryptography (ECC) etc. for secure communication. These techniques use public and private keys for enhancing the security of messages and all these keys are stored on hardware devices like TPDs (Temper Proof Devices) in VANETs. TPDs are protected by the cryptographic algorithms. In this present era of technology these algorithms and their online simulators are freely available on internet and can be easily intruded. There is a potential need to enhance the security of these keys. In this paper we worked on enhancing the security of ECC keys stored in TPDs of VANETs using a specific network of Artificial Neural Networks.


Author(s):  
Kaldius Ndruru ◽  
Putri Ramadhani

Security of data stored on computers is now an absolute requirement, because every data has a high enough value for the user, reader and owner of the data itself. To prevent misuse of the data by other parties, data security is needed. Data security is the protection of data in a system against unauthorized authorization, modification, or destruction. The science that explains the ways of securing data is known as cryptography, while the steps in cryptography are called critical algorithms. At this time, there are many cryptographic algorithms whose keys are weak especially the symmetric key algorithm because they only have one key, the key for encryption is the same as the decryption key so it needs to be modified so that the cryptanalysts are confused in accessing important data. The cryptographic method of Word Auto Key Encryption (WAKE) is one method that has been used to secure data where in this case the writer wants to maximize the encryption key and description of the WAKE algorithm that has been processed through key formation. One way is to apply the algebraic pascal triangle method to maximize the encryption key and description of the WAKE algorithm, utilizing the numbers contained in the columns and rows of the pascal triangle to make shifts on the encryption key and the description of the WAKE algorithm.Keywords: Cryptography, WAKE, pascal


Author(s):  
Sabitha S ◽  
Binitha V Nair

Cryptography is an essential and effective method for securing information’s and data. Several symmetric and asymmetric key cryptographic algorithms are used for securing the data. Symmetric key cryptography uses the same key for both encryption and decryption. Asymmetric Key Cryptography also known as public key cryptography uses two different keys – a public key and a private key. The public key is used for encryption and the private key is used for decryption. In this paper, certain asymmetric key algorithms such as RSA, Rabin, Diffie-Hellman, ElGamal and Elliptical curve cryptosystem, their security aspects and the processes involved in design and implementation of these algorithms are examined.


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