Edible and Poisonous Mushrooms of the World

2004 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 35
2004 ◽  
Vol 58 (2) ◽  
pp. 327-327
Eric P. Burkhart

Brittonia ◽  
2004 ◽  
Vol 56 (2) ◽  
pp. 150-150
Roy E. Halling

2017 ◽  
Vol 05 (02) ◽  
pp. 076-080
Ramandeep Kaur ◽  
Manjit Kumar ◽  
Neha Jindal ◽  
Isha Badalia

AbstractThe Residual Ridge Resorption (RRR) is a major unsolved oral disease with unidentifiable characteristics and unwanted squealae causing physical, psychologic, and economic problems for millions of people all over the world. RRR is basically a term used to describe a condition that affects the alveolar ridge after tooth extractions even after healing of the wounds. RRR is a chronic, progressive, irreversible, and disabling disease, probably of multifactorial origin. The possible etiological factors could be divided into four categories: anatomic, metabolic, functional, and prosthetic. The primary structural change in the reduction of residual ridges is the loss of bone or reduction in the size of bony ridge under mucoperiosteum. The reduction in the ridge mainly occurs labially, lingually and on the crest. The reduction of the residual ridge leads to a variety of stages of ridge form, including high well-rounded, knife-edge, low well-rounded, and depressed forms. Alveolar bone atrophy is cumulative and irreversible, since alveolar bone cannot regenerate. It differs from one individual to the other. It also varies at different times and different sites. Some authors feel RRR as a normal physiologic process and not a disease but the cost in economic and human terms makes RRR as a major oral disease that can be described in terms of its pathology, pathophysiology, pathogenesis, epidemiology, etiology, treatment and prevention.

2020 ◽  
Vol 307 ◽  
pp. 01022
Gitanjali Thakur ◽  
Mohamad Asalam ◽  
Mohammed El Ganaoui

One of the major environmental threat in the world today is the increased production of plastic and its usage. The inept plastic waste management system with regard to its recycling and energy recovery in the developing countries creates a global threat as a major land and water body pollutant. However, its durability, thermal properties, and chemical resistance make plastics an alternate choice as a building material. This study investigates the use of plastic in concrete mixture with an objective to improve the thermal performance of the building. The shredded plastic fibers from plastic bottles (polyethylene terephthalate, PET) were used as a partial weight replacement (2.5%, 5%, and 7.5%) of coarse aggregate in concrete blocks. The cubes were cast using the Indian standards (IS 456) and the essential tests were performed. Additionally, experiments were designed to investigate the change in the thermal conductivity of the concrete block due to the varying amount of plastic. It was found that the use of PETs affected the compressive strength and also decreased the thermal conductivity of the concrete blocks. The experimental results suggest that PETs can be used in the construction of energy-efficient building to handle the environmental concerns because of its abundance.

1992 ◽  
Vol 67 (04) ◽  
pp. 424-427 ◽  
P J Gaffney ◽  
A B Heath ◽  
J W Fenton II

SummarySince 1975 an International Standard for Thrombin of low purity has been used. While this standard was stable and of value for calibrating thrombins of unknown potency the need for a pure a-thrombin standard arose both for accurate calibration and for precise measurement of thrombin inhibitors, notably hirudin. An international collaborative study was undertaken to establish the potency and stability of an ampouled pure a-thrombin preparation. A potency of 97.5 international units (95% confidence limits 86.5-98.5) was established for the new a-thrombin standard (89/ 588) using a clotting-assay procedure. Stability data at various elevated temperatures indicated that the standard could be transported and stored with no significant loss of potency.Ampoules of lyophilised a-thrombin (coded 89/588) have been recommended as an International Standard for a-thrombin with an assigned potency of 100 international units per ampoule by the International Society for Thrombosis and Haemostasis (Thrombin and its Inhibitors Sub-Committee) in Barcelona, Spain in July 1990 while the Expert Committee on Biological Standardisation and Control of the World Health Organisation will consider its status at its next meeting in Geneva in 1991.

2017 ◽  
Vol 01 (03) ◽  
pp. 179-183 ◽  
Chandra Sahu ◽  
Ashish Ashpilaya

AbstractPerforator aneurysms are rare vascular lesions that are infrequently reported in literature, and because of difficult anatomic approach, their treatment and management pose challenges. Given the rarity of these aneurysms, the natural history and ideal approach to treatment has not been established. The authors retrospectively analyzed six patients, age ranging from 16 to 75 years with ruptured perforator aneurysm, four of posterior circulation and two of anterior circulation including clinical characteristics, imaging data, treatment regimen, and outcome. All but two patients presented with the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies grades I to III and Fisher grade 2 or 3 subarachnoid hemorrhage, and the other two presented with intracerebral bleed in the right gangliocapsular region. Four patients were managed conservatively whereas two basilar perforator aneurysms were treated with endovascular stent. At the last follow-up, the endovascularly treated group of patients demonstrated complete thrombosis of aneurysm with preservation of perforators, and the conservatively managed group showed spontaneous occlusion in one patient, whereas three were lost to follow-up and ultimate outcome remains unknown. The authors report single-center hospital-based experience in six patients, which adds to the scarce published literature that addresses the limited understanding of the natural course and consolidating safe endovascular management of this entity.

2009 ◽  
Vol 06 (01) ◽  
pp. 5-9 ◽  
S. Aguilar-Gaxiola ◽  
J. Alonso ◽  
S. Chatterji ◽  
S. Lee ◽  
T. B. Üstün ◽  

SummaryThe paper presents an overview of the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative and summarizes recent WMH results regarding the prevalence and societal costs of mental disorders. The WMH surveys are representative community surveys that were carried out in 28 countries throughout the world aimed at providing information to mental health policy makers about the prevalence, burden, and unmet need for treatment of common mental disorders. Results show that mental disorders are commonly occurring in all participating countries. The inter-quartile range (IQR: 25th-75th percentiles) of lifetime DSM-IV disorder prevalence estimates (combining anxiety, mood, disruptive behavior, and substance disorders) is 18.1-36.1%. The IQR of 12-month prevalence estimates is 9.8-19.1%. Analysis of age-of-onset reports shows that many mental disorders begin in childhood-adolescence and have significant adverse effects on subsequent role transitions. Adult mental disorders are found in the WMH data to be associated with high levels of role impairment. Despite this burden, the majority of mental disorders go untreated. Although these results suggest that expansion of treatment could be cost-effective from both the employer perspective and the societal perspective, treatment effectiveness trials are needed to confirm this suspicion. The WMH results regarding impairments are being used to target several such interventions.

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