scholarly journals A Review on Natural Fibre-Reinforced Biopolymer Composites: Properties and Applications

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-15
S. Om Prakash ◽  
Parul Sahu ◽  
Mohankumar Madhan ◽  
A. Johnson Santhosh

In ongoing decades, material researchers and scientists are giving more consideration towards the improvement of biobased polymer composites as various employments of items arranged by natural fibres and petrochemical polymers prompt natural awkwardness. The goal of this review paper is to provide an intensive review and applications of the foremost appropriate commonly used biodegradable polymer composites. It is imperative to build up the completely/incompletely biodegradable polymer composites without bargaining the mechanical, physical, and thermal properties which are required for the end-use applications. This reality roused to create biocomposite with better execution alongside the least natural effect. The utilization of natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites is concerned with the mechanical properties that are highly dependent on the morphology, hydrophilic tendency, aspect ratio, and dimensional stability of the natural fibre. With this in-depth consideration of eco-friendly biocomposites, structural application materials in the infrastructure, automotive industry, and consumer applications of the following decade are attainable within the near future.

2019 ◽  
Vol 54 (9) ◽  
pp. 1245-1255 ◽  
HFM de Queiroz ◽  
MD Banea ◽  
DKK Cavalcanti

The application of adhesively bonded joints in automotive industry has increased significantly in recent years mainly because of the potential for lighter weight vehicles, fuel savings and reduced emissions. The use of composites in making automotive body components to achieve a reduced vehicle mass has also continuously increased. Natural fibre composites have recently attracted a great deal of attention by the automotive industry due to their many attractive benefits (e.g. high strength-to-weight ratio, sustainable characteristics and low cost). However, the literature on natural fibre-reinforced polymer composite adhesive joints is scarce and needs further investigation. The main objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the mechanical performance of adhesively bonded joints made of synthetic- and natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites. Similar and dissimilar single lap joints bonded with a modern tough structural adhesive used in the automotive industry, as well as the epoxy resin AR260 (the same resin used in composite fabrication) were tested. It was found that the average failure loads varied significantly with adhesive material strength and adherend stiffness. Furthermore, it was also observed that failure mode has a significant effect in failure load. The jute-based natural fibre composites joints, both hybrid and purely natural, were superior in strength compared to the sisal-based natural composites joints.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 ◽  
Agnivesh Kumar Sinha ◽  
Kasi Raja Rao ◽  
Vinay Kumar Soni ◽  
Rituraj Chandrakar ◽  
Hemant Kumar Sharma ◽  

Presently, scientists and researchers are in an endless quest to develop green, recyclable, and eco-friendly materials. Natural fibre reinforced polymer composites became popular among materialists due to their lightweight, high strength-to-weight ratio, and biodegradability. However, all-natural fibre reinforced polymer composites are not biodegradable. Polymer matrices like poly-lactic acid (PLA) and poly-butylene succinate (PBS) are biodegradable, whereas epoxy, polypropylene, and polystyrene are non-biodegradable polymer matrices. Besides biodegradability, PLA has been known for its excellent physical and mechanical properties. This review emphasises the mechanical properties (tensile, flexural, and impact strengths) of natural fibrereinforced PLA composites. Factors affecting the mechanical properties of PLA composites are also discussed. It also unveils research gaps from the previous literature, which shows that limited studies are reported based on modeling and prediction of mechanical properties of hybrid PLA composites reinforcing natural fibres like abaca, aloe vera, and bamboo fibres.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (5) ◽  
pp. 130
Tan Ke Khieng ◽  
Sujan Debnath ◽  
Ernest Ting Chaw Liang ◽  
Mahmood Anwar ◽  
Alokesh Pramanik ◽  

With the lightning speed of technological evolution, the demand for high performance yet sustainable natural fibres reinforced polymer composites (NFPCs) are rising. Especially a mechanically competent NFPCs under various loading conditions are growing day by day. However, the polymers mechanical properties are strain-rate dependent due to their viscoelastic nature. Especially for natural fibre reinforced polymer composites (NFPCs) which the involvement of filler has caused rather complex failure mechanisms under different strain rates. Moreover, some uneven micro-sized natural fibres such as bagasse, coir and wood were found often resulting in micro-cracks and voids formation in composites. This paper provides an overview of recent research on the mechanical properties of NFPCs under various loading conditions-different form (tensile, compression, bending) and different strain rates. The literature on characterisation techniques toward different strain rates, composite failure behaviours and current challenges are summarised which have led to the notion of future study trend. The strength of NFPCs is generally found grow proportionally with the strain rate up to a certain degree depending on the fibre-matrix stress-transfer efficiency. The failure modes such as embrittlement and fibre-matrix debonding were often encountered at higher strain rates. The natural filler properties, amount, sizes and polymer matrix types are found to be few key factors affecting the performances of composites under various strain rates whereby optimally adjust these factors could maximise the fibre-matrix stress-transfer efficiency and led to performance increases under various loading strain rates.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
H. F. M. de Queiroz ◽  
M. D. Banea ◽  
D. K. K. Cavalcanti

AbstractNatural fibre-reinforced composites have attracted a great deal of attention by the automotive industry mainly due to their sustainable characteristics and low cost. The use of sustainable composites is expected to continuously increase in this area as the cost and weight of vehicles could be partially reduced by replacing glass fibre composites and aluminium with natural fibre composites. Adhesive bonding is the preferred joining method for composites and is increasingly used in the automotive industry. However, the literature on natural fibre reinforced polymer composite adhesive joints is scarce and needs further investigation. The main objective of this study was to investigate experimentally adhesively bonded joints made of natural, synthetic and interlaminar hybrid fibre-reinforced polymer composites. The effect of the number of the interlaminar synthetic layers required in order to match the bonded joint efficiency of a fully synthetic GFRP bonded joint was studied. It was found that the failure load of the hybrid jute/glass adherend joints increased by increasing the number of external synthetic layers (i.e. the failure load of hybrid 3-layer joint increased by 28.6% compared to hybrid 2-layer joint) and reached the pure synthetic adherends joints efficiency due to the optimum compromise between the adherend material property (i.e. stiffness and strength) and a diminished bondline peel stress state.

2021 ◽  
pp. 152808372110575
Adnan Amjad ◽  
Aslina Anjang Ab Rahman ◽  
Habib Awais ◽  
Mohd Shukur Zainol Abidin ◽  
Junaid Khan

Composite holds great promise for future materials considering its advantages such as excellent strength, stiffness, lightweight, and cost-effectiveness. Due to rising environmental concerns, the research speed gradually changes from synthetic polymer composites to natural fibre reinforced polymer composites (NFRPCs). Natural fibres are believed a valuable and robust replacement to synthetic silicates and carbon-based fibres, along with biodegradability, recyclability, low cost, and eco-friendliness. But the incompatibility between natural fibre and polymer matrices and higher moisture absorption percentage of natural fibre limitise their applications. To overcome these flaws, surface treatment of natural fibre and nanofiller addition have become some of the most important aspects to improve the performance of NFRPCs. This review article provides the most recent development on the effect of different nanofiller addition and surface treatment on the mechanical, thermal, and wetting behaviour of NFRPCs. It concludes that the fibre surface treatment and nanofillers in natural fibre polymer composites positively affect mechanical, thermal and water absorption properties. A systematic understanding in this field covers advanced research basics to stimulate investigation for fabricating NFRPCs with excellent performance.

2019 ◽  
Vol 7 (11) ◽  
pp. 1165-1179
M. Noryani ◽  
S. M. Sapuan ◽  
M. T. Mastura ◽  
M. Y. M. Zuhri ◽  
E. S. Zainudin

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document