reinforced polymer
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Author(s):  
S. Om Prakash ◽  
Parul Sahu ◽  
Mohankumar Madhan ◽  
A. Johnson Santhosh

In ongoing decades, material researchers and scientists are giving more consideration towards the improvement of biobased polymer composites as various employments of items arranged by natural fibres and petrochemical polymers prompt natural awkwardness. The goal of this review paper is to provide an intensive review and applications of the foremost appropriate commonly used biodegradable polymer composites. It is imperative to build up the completely/incompletely biodegradable polymer composites without bargaining the mechanical, physical, and thermal properties which are required for the end-use applications. This reality roused to create biocomposite with better execution alongside the least natural effect. The utilization of natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites is concerned with the mechanical properties that are highly dependent on the morphology, hydrophilic tendency, aspect ratio, and dimensional stability of the natural fibre. With this in-depth consideration of eco-friendly biocomposites, structural application materials in the infrastructure, automotive industry, and consumer applications of the following decade are attainable within the near future.


2022 ◽  
pp. 136943322110606
Author(s):  
Xue Li ◽  
Lian-guang Wang ◽  
Hai-yang Gao ◽  
Ni Zhang

Splicing glass fiber–reinforced polymer (GFRP)-concrete–steel double-skin tubular column (DSTC) is to set connection component at the joint of two or more separated GFRP tubes, and then pour concrete in the double-tube interlayer to form a continuous composite member. In this paper, the splicing DSTC composite members based on steel bar connection were designed and tested under axial compression to determine its mechanical performance. The main parameters include the connection steel ratio, the hollow ratio, and the thickness of GFRP tube. The results show that the GFRP tube presents apparent constraint effect on the concrete at about 60% of the ultimate load. The failure of splicing specimen occurred in the non-splicing section at a certain distance from the splice joint, and the stirrups at the splice joint provide effective constraint effect on the internal concrete. The proposed DSTC splicing method based on steel cage connection can satisfy the strength requirements of splice joint. Nevertheless, the increase of axial steel bar ratio cannot improve the bearing capacity of the splicing column, and the steel ratio of 2.44% is suggested for the splice joint of DSTCs under axial compression. The axial bearing capacity of splicing DSTCs significantly increases with the increase of GFRP tube thickness, but the amount of stirrups should be increased properly when a larger tube thickness is used. Two models were selected to calculate the bearing capacity of splicing members and it is found that Yu’s model is more accurate in predicting splicing DSTCs.


2022 ◽  
pp. 136943322110651
Author(s):  
Ruiming Cao ◽  
Bai Zhang ◽  
Luming Wang ◽  
Jianming Ding ◽  
Xianhua Chen

Alkali-activated materials (AAMs) are considered an eco-friendly alternative to ordinary Portland cement (OPC) for mitigating greenhouse-gas emissions and enabling efficient waste recycling. In this paper, an innovative seawater sea-sand concrete (SWSSC), that is, seawater sea-sand alkali-activated concrete (SWSSAAC), was developed using AAMs instead of OPC to explore the application of marine resources and to improve the durability of conventional SWSSC structures. Then, three types of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) bars, that is, basalt-FRP, glass-FRP, and carbon-FRP bars, were selected to investigate their bond behavior with SWSSAAC at different alkaline dosages (3%, 4%, and 6% Na2O contents). The experimental results manifested that the utilization of the alkali-activated binders can increase the splitting tensile strength ( ft) of the concrete due to the denser microstructures of AAMs than OPC pastes. This improved characteristic was helpful in enhancing the bond performance of FRP bars, especially the slope of bond-slip curves in the ascending section (i.e., bond stiffness). Approximately three times enhancement in terms of the initial bond rigidity was achieved with SWSSAAC compared to SWSSC at the same concrete strength. Furthermore, compared with the BFRP and GFRP bars, the specimens reinforced with the CFRP bars experienced higher bond strength and bond rigidity due to their relatively high tensile strength and elastic modulus. Additionally, significant improvements in initial bond stiffness and bond strength were also observed as the alkaline contents (i.e., concrete strength) of the SWSSAAC were aggrandized, demonstrating the integration of the FRP bars and SWSSAAC is achievable, which contributes to an innovative channel for the development of SWSSC pavements or structures.


Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 606
Author(s):  
Abhishek Sadananda Madival ◽  
Deepak Doreswamy ◽  
Shripathi Adiga Handady ◽  
Krishna Raghava Hebbar ◽  
Shobha Karabylu Lakshminarayana

Managing rice crop stubble is one of the major challenges witnessed in the agricultural sector. This work attempts to investigate the physical, mechanical, and liquid absorption properties of rice straw (RS)-reinforced polymer composite for assessing its suitability to use as an ayurvedic treatment table. This material is expected to be an alternative for wooden-based ayurvedic treatment tables. The results showed that the addition of rice straw particles (RSp) up to 60% volume in epoxy reduced the density of the composite material by 46.20% and the hardness by 15.69%. The maximum tensile and flexural strength of the RSp composite was 17.53 MPa and 43.23 MPa, respectively. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis showed deposits of silica in the form of phytoliths in various size and shapes on the outer surface of RS. The study also revealed that the water absorption rate (WA) was less than 7.8% for the test samples with 45% volume of RSp. Interestingly the test samples showed greater resistance to the absorption of Kottakal Dhanvantaram Thailam (<2%). In addition, the developed samples showed resistance towards bacterial and fungal growth under the exposure of treatment oils and water.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yue Liu ◽  
Jia-Zhan Xie ◽  
Jing-Liang Yan

Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) has been widely used in civil engineering due to its light weight, high strength, convenient construction, and strong corrosion resistance. One of the important applications of FRP composites is the concrete-filled FRP tube (CFFT), which can greatly improve the compressive strength and ductility of concrete as well as facilitate construction. In this article, the compressive performances of a normal concrete-filled FRP tube (N-CFFT) column with 5-hour curing time and an ultra-early strength concrete-filled FRP tube (UES–CFFT) column with zero curing time were studied by considering the characteristics of rapid early strength improvement of ultra-early strength concrete and the confinement effect of the FRP tube. Monotonic axial compression tests were carried out on 3 empty FRP tubes (FTs) without an internal filler and 6 CFFT (3 N-CFFTs and 3 UES-CFFTs) specimens. All specimens were cylinders of 200 mm in diameter and 600 mm in height, confined by glass fiber–reinforced polymer (GFRP). Test results indicated that the compressive bearing capacity of the specimens increased significantly by adopting the ultra-early strength concrete as the core concrete of the CFFT, although the curing time was zero. It was also shown that the compressive behavior of the UES–CFFT specimens with zero curing time increased significantly than that of the N-CFFT specimens with 5-hour curing time because the former was able to achieve rapid strength enhancement in a very short time than the latter. The ultimate compressive strength of UES–CFFT specimens with zero curing time reached 78.3 MPa, which was 66.2 and 97.2% higher than that of N-CFFT with 5-hour curing time and FT specimens, respectively. In addition, a simple confinement model to predict the strength of UES–CFFT with zero curing time in ultimate condition was introduced. Compared with the existing models, the proposed model could predict the ultimate strength of UES–CFFT specimens with zero curing time with better accuracy.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Pradhyumn Bhardwaj ◽  
Rohit Omprakash Panjabi ◽  
Omkar Ashok Nade ◽  
Venkatachalam Gopalan ◽  
Vignesh Pragasam ◽  
...  

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