fibre reinforced polymer
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-15
S. Om Prakash ◽  
Parul Sahu ◽  
Mohankumar Madhan ◽  
A. Johnson Santhosh

In ongoing decades, material researchers and scientists are giving more consideration towards the improvement of biobased polymer composites as various employments of items arranged by natural fibres and petrochemical polymers prompt natural awkwardness. The goal of this review paper is to provide an intensive review and applications of the foremost appropriate commonly used biodegradable polymer composites. It is imperative to build up the completely/incompletely biodegradable polymer composites without bargaining the mechanical, physical, and thermal properties which are required for the end-use applications. This reality roused to create biocomposite with better execution alongside the least natural effect. The utilization of natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites is concerned with the mechanical properties that are highly dependent on the morphology, hydrophilic tendency, aspect ratio, and dimensional stability of the natural fibre. With this in-depth consideration of eco-friendly biocomposites, structural application materials in the infrastructure, automotive industry, and consumer applications of the following decade are attainable within the near future.

Fibers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 8
Johanna Dorothea Luck ◽  
Milad Bazli ◽  
Ali Rajabipour

Using fibre-reinforced polymers (FRP) in construction avoids corrosion issues associated with the use of traditional steel reinforcement, while seawater and sea sand concrete (SWSSC) reduces environmental issues and resource shortages caused by the production of traditional concrete. The paper gives an overview of the current research on the bond performance between FRP tube and concrete with particular focus on SWSSC. The review follows a thematic broad-to-narrow approach. It reflects on the current research around the significance and application of FRP and SWSSC and discusses important issues around the bond strength and cyclic behaviour of tubular composites. A review of recent studies of bond strength between FRP and concrete and steel and concrete under static or cyclic loading using pushout tests is presented. In addition, the influence of different parameters on the pushout test results are summarised. Finally, recommendations for future studies are proposed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Bartosz Piątek ◽  
Tomasz Siwowski

AbstractThe paper presents the research on reinforced concrete (RC) beams strengthened with carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) strips with various configurations in terms of anchoring and tensioning. The five full-scale RC beams with the total length of 6.0 m were strengthened with passive strips, without and with mechanical anchorages at their ends, as well as with strips tensioned by the novel prestressing system with three various prestressing levels ranging from 30 to 50% of the CFRP tensile strength. All RC beams were tested under static flexural load up to failure and they were investigated in a full range of flexural behaviour, including the post-debonding phase. The main parameters considered in this study include the use of mechanical anchorages, the effect of tensioning the strips and the influence of the various prestressing levels. Several performance indicators have been established to evaluate the beams’ behaviour. The study revealed that the RC beams strengthened using tensioned CFRP strips exhibited a higher cracking, yielding and ultimate moments as compared to the beams with passively bonded CFRP strips. Moreover, increasing the beams’ prestressing level has a significant positive influence on the performance of strengthened beams. However, it did not affect the ultimate load-bearing capacity of the beams. The optimal prestressing level for the novel system has been determined as 60% of CFRP tensile strength.

2022 ◽  
pp. 002199832110652
Rochele Pinto ◽  
Gediminas Monastyreckis ◽  
Hamza Mahmoud Aboelanin ◽  
Vladimir Spacek ◽  
Daiva Zeleniakiene

This article presents the possibility of strength improvement and energy absorption of carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites by matrix modification. In this study, the mechanical properties of bisphenol-A epoxy matrix and carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites were modified with four different wt.% of star-shaped polymer n-butyl methacrylate (P n-BMA) block glycidyl methacrylate (PGMA). The tensile strength of the epoxy with 1 wt.% star-shaped polymer showed 128% increase in comparison to unmodified epoxy samples. Two different wt.% were then used for the modification of carbon fibre-reinforced polymer composite samples. Tensile tests and low-velocity impact tests were conducted for characterising modified samples. Tensile test results performed showed a slight improvement in the tensile strength and modulus of the composite. Low-velocity impact tests showed that addition of 1 wt.% star-shaped polymer additives increase composite energy absorption by 53.85%, compared to pure epoxy composite specimens. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of post-impact specimens displays fracture modes and bonding between the matrix and fibre in the composites. These results demonstrate the potential of a novel star-shaped polymer as an additive material for automotive composite parts, where energy absorption is significant.

2022 ◽  
pp. 136943322110542
Nagajothi Subramanian ◽  
Elavenil Solaiyan ◽  
Angalaeswari Sendrayaperumal ◽  
Natrayan Lakshmaiya

The paper presents the experimental investigations on the flexural behaviour of geopolymer concrete beams reinforced with Basalt Fibre Reinforced Polymer (BFRP)/Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) rebars and the effect of inclusion of the new adhesively bonded BFRP/GFRP stirrups. M30 grade geopolymer and conventional concrete beams with the dimension of 100 × 160 × 1700 mm were cast to investigae the flexural behaviour of BFRP/GFRP and steel bars. This study also examined the mode of failure, deflection behaviour, curvature moment capacity, crack width, pattern, propagation, strains and average crack width of the BFRP/GFRP bars with stirrups in the geopolymer concretes using a four-point static bending test. The results were compared to that of conventional steel-reinforced concrete, and it was found that the Basalt and Glass reinforced polymer beams demonstrated premature failure and sudden shear failure. Further, the FRP bars exhibited higher mid-span deflection, crack width and crack propagation than steel bars. Crack spacing of the FRP bars decreased with an increase in the number of cracks. The correlation between the load and the deflection behaviour of the beams was determined using statistical analysis of multi variables regression.

2022 ◽  
Martin Halpin ◽  
Lee Canning

<p>Lancashire County Council (LCC) in UK are a forward thinking and innovative local authority with a significant number of bridges in their asset stock. They commissioned Jacobs to carry out a detailed options study for eight footbridges following concerns that were raised during principal inspections. The options report considered refurbishment and replacement options and the possibility of using new construction materials with the aim of maximizing durability and minimizing maintenance. The recommendations for all footbridges was replace them with Fibre Reinforced Polymer. LCC divided the eight bridges into packages of two according to their budget constraints and issued tender documents to contactors for the first two packages. The first package contractor has successfully delivered two replacement FRP Footbridges of 28m span over railway in Ormskirk. These are the longest simply supported FRP footbridges in the UK. The second tender package to be issued to tender was for St Michaels and Carnforth Footbridges at 37m and 31m spans. The Council wanted FRP Bow String Trusses for these bridges that crossed a River and a Canal respectively. Nothing like this type and scale of footbridges had ever been realized in the UK. This tender was won with an alternative proposal to replace these footbridges with an aluminium solution explaining to the client in doing so the risks and costs involved in designing and fabricating these structures in FRP would be significantly greater. These are the longest aluminum footbridges in the UK of this type.</p>

Sumirah Nisar

Abstract: Retrofitting is the modification of existing structures to make them more resistant to seismic activity, ground motion etc. Many of the existing reinforced concrete structures throughout the world are in urgent need of rehabilitation, repair or reconstruction because of deterioration due to various factors like corrosion, lack of detailing, failure of bonding between beamcolumn joints etc. Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composite has been accepted in the construction industry as a promising substitute for repairing and in incrementing the strength of RCC structures. It stabilizes the current structure of buildings and making them earthquake resistant. This paper presents a representative overview of the current state of using FRP materials as a retrofitting technique for the structures not designed to resist seismic action. It summarizes the scopes and uses of FRP materials in seismic strengthening of RCC structures and masonry retrofitting. Keywords: Retrofitting, Rehabilitation, Seismic damage, fibre

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