scholarly journals Особенности зависимости рамановских спектров кластерных структур трехмерно-полимеризованного фуллерита от давления

2022 ◽  
Vol 64 (2) ◽  
pp. 223
Ф.С. Хоробрых ◽  
В.Д. Чуркин ◽  
М.Ю. Попов

We study the effect of high hydrostatic pressure on 3D polymerized fullerite C60. We do not observe further structural changes until 150 GPa after a formation of 3D C60 under hydrostatic pressure 28 GPa. It is experimentally shown that the obtained samples consist of different clusters formed by sp3 bonds with a different set of force constants, the values of which vary within 20% and exceed the diamond force constants by the factor of 1.3–1.5. The influence of the exposure of laser radiation on the process of 3D polymerization of C60 under pressure was found. Increasing of the exposure by the factor of 15 leads to a decrease in the bulk modulus of 3D C60 from 610 GPa to 504 GPa.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Qiaoming Liao ◽  
Han Tao ◽  
Yali Li ◽  
Yi Xu ◽  
Hui-Li Wang

The contamination of infant milk and powder with Enterobacter sakazakii poses a risk to human health and frequently caused recalls of affected products. This study aims to explore the inactivation mechanism of E. sakazakii induced by high hydrostatic pressure (HHP), which, unlike conventional heat treatment, is a nonthermal technique for pasteurization and sterilization of dairy food without deleterious effects. The mortality of E. sakazakii under minimum reaction conditions (50 MPa) was 1.42%, which was increased to 33.12% under significant reaction conditions (400 MPa). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and fluorescent staining results showed that 400 MPa led to a loss of physical integrity of cell membranes as manifested by more intracellular leakage of nucleic acid, intracellular protein and K+. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis presents a downregulation of three functional genes (glpK, pbpC, and ompR), which were involved in cell membrane formation, indicating a lower level of glycerol utilization, outer membrane protein assembly, and environmental tolerance. In addition, the exposure of E. sakazakii to HHP modified oxidative stress, as reflected by the high activity of catalase and super oxide dismutase. The HHP treatment lowered down the gene expression of flagellar proteins (fliC, flgI, fliH, and flgK) and inhibited biofilm formation. These results determined the association of genotype to phenotype in E. sakazakii induced by HHP, which was used for the control of food-borne pathogens.

2004 ◽  
Vol 70 (2) ◽  
pp. 1116-1122 ◽  
Gönül Kaletunç ◽  
Jaesung Lee ◽  
Hami Alpas ◽  
Faruk Bozoglu

ABSTRACT Scanning electron microcopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to evaluate structural changes in Leuconostoc mesenteroides cells as a function of high-hydrostatic-pressure treatment. This bacterium usually grows in chains of cells, which were increasingly dechained at elevated pressures. High-pressure treatments at 250 and 500 MPa also caused changes in the external surface and internal structure of cells. Dechaining and blister formation on the surface of cells increased with pressure, as observed in SEM micrographs. TEM studies showed that cytoplasmic components of the cells were affected by high-pressure treatment. DSC studies of whole cells showed increasing denaturation of ribosomes with pressure, in keeping with dense compacted regions in the cytoplasm of pressure-treated cells observed in TEM micrographs. Apparent reduction of intact ribosomes observed in DSC thermograms was related to the reduction in number of viable cells. The results indicate that inactivation of L. mesenteroides cells is mainly due to ribosomal denaturation observed as a reduction of the corresponding peak in DSC thermograms and condensed interior regions of cytoplasm in TEM micrographs.

2004 ◽  
Vol 52 (4) ◽  
pp. 479-487 ◽  
Cs. Pribenszky ◽  
M. Molnár ◽  
S. Cseh ◽  
L. Solti

Cryoinjuries are almost inevitable during the freezing of embryos. The present study examines the possibility of using high hydrostatic pressure to reduce substantially the freezing point of the embryo-holding solution, in order to preserve embryos at subzero temperatures, thus avoiding all the disadvantages of freezing. The pressure of 210 MPa lowers the phase transition temperature of water to -21°C. According to the results of this study, embryos can survive in high hydrostatic pressure environment at room temperature; the time embryos spend under pressure without significant loss in their survival could be lengthened by gradual decompression. Pressurisation at 0°C significantly reduced the survival capacity of the embryos; gradual decompression had no beneficial effect on survival at that stage. Based on the findings, the use of the phenomena is not applicable in this form, since pressure and low temperature together proved to be lethal to the embryos in these experiments. The application of hydrostatic pressure in embryo cryopreservation requires more detailed research, although the experience gained in this study can be applied usefully in different circumstances.

2010 ◽  
Vol 37 (6) ◽  
pp. 641-645 ◽  
Can-Xin XU ◽  
Chun WANG ◽  
Bing-Yang ZHU ◽  
Zhi-Ping GAO ◽  
Di-Xian LUO ◽  

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