cyclic behavior
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Cody Beairsto ◽  
Rakesh Gupta ◽  
Thomas H. Miller

2022 ◽  
Vol 189 ◽  
pp. 107084
Yousufu Ma ◽  
Bowen Sun ◽  
Jeffrey W. Berman ◽  
Assaad Taoum ◽  
Yang Yang

2022 ◽  
pp. 136943322210747
Germán Nanclares ◽  
Daniel Ambrosini ◽  
Oscar Curadelli

The evolution of seismic design and calculation criteria for highway bridges has a direct influence on their structural behavior. This paper presents a nonlinear dynamic analysis using a detailed 3D finite element model of an existing bridge, with different design criteria for the column transverse reinforcement, according to code requirements of different times. The numerical model is able to simulate both the collapse of the structure and the generation of damage in its elements when subjected to extreme seismic actions. Through the numerical model, it is possible to represent the cyclic behavior of the concrete, and to evaluate the influence of the transverse reinforcement assigned to the column on the overall response of the bridge. The formation of plastic hinges is verified, as well as the identification of different collapse mechanisms.

Prasanna C. Dupare ◽  
Akshay Mhaiske ◽  
Atul R. Ballal ◽  
Manjusha M. Thawre ◽  
A. Nagesha

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 511
Alireza Tabrizikahou ◽  
Mieczysław Kuczma ◽  
Magdalena Łasecka-Plura ◽  
Ehsan Noroozinejad Noroozinejad Farsangi

The behavior of masonry shear walls reinforced with pseudoelastic Ni–Ti shape memory alloy (SMA) strips and engineered cementitious composite (ECC) sheets is the main focus of this paper. The walls were subjected to quasi-static cyclic in-plane loads and evaluated by using Abaqus. Eight cases of strengthening of masonry walls were investigated. Three masonry walls were strengthened with different thicknesses of ECC sheets using epoxy as adhesion, three walls were reinforced with different thicknesses of Ni–Ti strips in a cross form bonded to both the surfaces of the wall, and one was utilized as a reference wall without any reinforcing element. The final concept was a hybrid of strengthening methods in which the Ni–Ti strips were embedded in ECC sheets. The effect of mesh density on analytical outcomes is also discussed. A parameterized analysis was conducted to examine the influence of various variables such as the thickness of the Ni–Ti strips and that of ECC sheets. The results show that using the ECC sheet in combination with pseudoelastic Ni–Ti SMA strips enhances the energy absorption capacity and stiffness of masonry walls, demonstrating its efficacy as a reinforcing method.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Sambit Prasanajit Naik ◽  
Nihar Ranjan Patra ◽  
Javed N. Malik

AbstractThe A.D. 1803 and 1934 Bihar-Nepal border earthquake affected Indo-Gangetic Plain with evidences of liquefaction in cities like Patna, Varanasi, Agra, and Delhi in historical past. Recent strong shaking all along the Indo-Gangetic Plains and seismic induced damage to the buildings in Bihar during Mw 7.8 Gorkha earthquake raises the concern for site specific liquefaction potential estimation of alluvial soils. Cyclic triaxial tests were conducted on soil samples from Kanpur, Allahabad, Patna city to know the cyclic behavior, estimate the dynamic soil properties and the effect of relative density, confining pressure and frequency of loading on the cyclic behavior of the soil tested. The test results indicate the cyclic strength of Allahabad soil is less than Patna and Kanpur soil. The Allahabad soil with 80% sand, 10% silt and clay each is more prone to liquefaction than Kanpur soil (82% silt, 16% clay and 2% sand) and Patna soil (10% Kankar, 95% sand, 5% silt). This study indicates soils having sand with silt percentage are more liquefiable than clean sand or silty soil. It can be concluded that the soil of Allahabad and Patna city is more prone to liquefaction than Kanpur soil.

Structures ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 35 ◽  
pp. 531-550
X.Y. Zhao ◽  
H.Y. Zhang ◽  
B. Wu ◽  
H.M. Jin ◽  
K.T. Leung ◽  

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