reinforced concrete beam
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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 201-222
Éverton Souza Ramos ◽  
Rogério Carrazedo

Abstract This paper presents a numerical study about the effects of chloride-induced corrosion on the service life of structures. A two-dimensional geometrically nonlinear mechanical model based on Finite Element Method (FEM) was developed for reinforced concrete structures. The corrosion initiation stage was evaluated by Fick's diffusion laws. The corrosion propagation was carried out by deterministic models based on Faraday's law. Pitting corrosion was simulated in the reinforcements by pit elements, distributed longitudinally on the steel rebars, which degrade the physical properties over time. The service life was determined by the crack width.Two parametric analyses were performed. In the first analysis, five models were created with a variablecover thickness and water/cement ratio (w/c). In the second analysis, the reduction in yield stress due to corrosion was considered.The results showed that the concrete cover thicknessand the w/c ratio significantly influence the service life. The reduction of the cover thickness from 30 mm to 25 mm resulted in 21.26% reduction in service life, whilethe increase in the w/c ratio from 0.50 to 0.55 caused 32.98% reduction in service life of the structural element analyzed.

Kingshuk Mukherjee

Abstract: Understanding the response of concrete structural components such as beams, columns, walls during loading is indispensable for the development of safeand efficient structures. The present report deals with the non-linear static analysis of a Reinforced Concrete (RC) beam, having dimensions 4000mmX400mmX 250mm, with 4 nos. of 16mm diameter bar as main reinforcements, 8mm diameter at 200mm c/c as shear reinforcement, with two faces of the beam as fixed modeled and analyzed when subjected to two point loads at one-third span from each fixed support using the Finite Element Analysis software Ansys. The behavior of the analyzed beam has been observed in terms of flexural behavior, load-deflection responses, and crack pattern for various loading conditions until failure load. Keywords: Finite element analysis, ANSYS, flexural behavior, Reinforced Concrete (RC) beams, material non- linearity, shear reinforcement.

Sudarno P Tampubolon

Beams are part of the building structure that is important to consider when designing the structure. Some failures that occur in beams due to beam reinforcement are not installed such as planning/ design procedures, this problem can cause structural failure. Knowing the behavior of the beam structure due to the given load can help predict the strength of the structural beam and the comfort of the planned structure. To determine and predict the strength and comfort of the reinforced concrete beam structure due to the received load, experimental and simulation tests are carried out. VecTor2 simulation is used to predict shear, crack, and displacement forces in reinforced concrete beams when displacement loads are applied. The bond stress-slip effect (0.139) has a good effect on the strength and hysterical response of reinforced concrete beams. From the results of pushover testing and simulations, it is obtained that the ratio for load capacity ranges from 1.00-1.095. In addition, the installation of 135˚ hooks on stirrups shows that the crack behavior that occurs forms an angle of 45˚, this indicates that the bond between concrete and reinforcement is going well, this can be seen from the analogous behavior principle of reinforced concrete beams.

2022 ◽  
pp. 136943322110646
Feng Yu ◽  
Qiye Zou ◽  
Yuan Fang ◽  
Dongang Li ◽  
Shuangshuang Bu

This paper presents an experimental study on 11 weak PVC-FRP Confined Concrete (PFCC) Column-strong Reinforced Concrete beam joints reinforced with Core Steel Tube (CST) subjected to axial load. The influences of the joint height, joint stirrup ratio, Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) strips spacing, steel ratio and CST length on the failure mode, ultimate strength, and strain behavior of specimens are analyzed and discussed. Test results indicate that the failure mode of specimens is distinguished by the cracking of PVC tube, fracture of CFRP strips, yielding of stirrups, and longitudinal steel bars in the PFCC columns. Both the longitudinal steel bars and CST yield at the joint area, while there is no obvious damage on the joint. The ultimate stress of specimens decreases with the increment of CFRP strips spacing, while the other studied variables have little impact on the ultimate stress. As the CFRP strips spacing increases, the ultimate strain of specimens decreases, and the strain development accelerates. Considering the effect of joint dimension, a modified prediction model for the stress–strain relationship of axially loaded weak PFCC column-strong RC beam joints reinforced with CST is proposed and verified with good accuracy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2148 (1) ◽  
pp. 012034
Yihong Hong

Abstract Reinforced concrete structure is widely used in building structure because of its unique physical and mechanic properties, but with the increase of service life, there will be different degrees of damage in the structures. In this paper, combined with the test beam, a model of reinforced concrete beam strengthened with CFRP is established by Using ANSYS finite element software, nonlinear finite element analysis is carried out on the whole process of yield, cracking and destruction of the test beam under secondary load, while different working states of CFRP sheets were simulated by the life and death unit. The results show that the bending performance of reinforced concrete (RC) beams strengthened with CFRP can be predicted by selecting the finite element analysis model rationally.

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