reconstruction technique
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 883
Yuxin Cui ◽  
Shu Li ◽  
Yunxiao Shan ◽  
Fengqiu Liu

This study focuses on the finite-time set reachability of probabilistic Boolean multiplex control networks (PBMCNs). Firstly, based on the state transfer graph (STG) reconstruction technique, the PBMCNs are extended to random logic dynamical systems. Then, a necessary and sufficient condition for the finite-time set reachability of PBMCNs is obtained. Finally, the obtained results are effectively illustrated by an example.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Xingmei Wei ◽  
Huaiyu Zhang ◽  
Simeng Lu ◽  
Mengge Yang ◽  
Biao Chen ◽  

Purpose: Owing to the characteristic anatomy, cochlear implantation (CI) for common cavity deformity (CCD) has resulted in varied outcomes and frequent facial and vestibular nerve stimulation. The current study analyzed the correlation among the distance between each electrode and cavity wall (abbreviation, D), programming parameters, and performances outcomes.Materials and Methods: The current, retrospective study included 25 patients (27 ears) with CCD underwent CI. The multiplanar volume reconstruction (MPVR) techniques were employed to reconstruct and evaluate the postoperative temporal bone CT. The D and maximum comfortable level (MCL) 6 months after CI, facial and vestibular nerve stimulation, and outcomes 1, 2, and 3 years after CI pertaining to the questionnaires were documented and analyzed.Results: The patients were divided into symptomatic (10, 37%) and asymptomatic (17, 63%) groups according to with or without facial and vestibular nerve stimulation. The MCL pertaining to the symptomatic group was significantly lower than asymptomatic group, but Categories of Auditory Performance (CAP) scores 1 year after surgery was better (p < 0.05). The subjects were divided into flat (12, 44.4%) and curved (15, 55.6%) groups based on the contour of MCL map. The MCL and D were lower and shorter in the curved group than the flat group, and CAP score 1 year after surgery and Speech Intelligibility Rating (SIR) 3 years after surgery were better (p < 0.05).Conclusion: Although abnormal reactions such as facial and vestibular nerve stimulation were observed to be more frequent, lower MCL and better outcomes were observed in relation to the shorter D.

2022 ◽  
HAN Lei ◽  
WANG Can-feng ◽  
HU Yun-geng ◽  
FAGN Wei-li ◽  
Song Zhou-feng

Abstract Background In this retrospective study we analyzed a consecutive series of patients affected by isolated radial head Mason III fractures and treated with an on-table reconstruction technique combined with miniplate internal fixation or prosthesis. Methods This study included 42 patients affected by isolated radial head Mason III fractures and treated between Jan 2012 and Jan 2019. Twenty-four patients (average age 45.6 years) were treated with an on-table reconstruction technique combined with miniplate internal fixation. The remaining 18 (average age 44.5 years) were treated with prosthesis. From a clinical point of view, we evaluated the patients according to the Broberg–Morrey scoring system and the (disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand) DASH questionnaire for parameters. Results We found similar results in both the groups according to Broberg–Morrey score system and the DASH questionnaire at the last follow-up. The scores of the prosthesis group were better than those of the internal fixation group at the 1st, 3rd, and 6th month follow-up post-operation. Conclusion Both the on-table reconstruction technique combined with the miniplate internal fixation and prosthesis can be effective in treating patients with isolated Mason III radial head fractures. There was no difference in elbow function between the two groups at the last follow-up; however, a prosthesis favors early functional recovery of the elbow.

2022 ◽  
Yun Chen ◽  
Yao Lu ◽  
Xiangyuan Ma ◽  
Yuesheng Xu

Abstract The goal of this study is to develop a new computed tomography (CT) image reconstruction method, aiming at improving the quality of the reconstructed images of existing methods while reducing computational costs. Existing CT reconstruction is modeled by pixel-based piecewise constant approximations of the integral equation that describes the CT projection data acquisition process. Using these approximations imposes a bottleneck model error and results in a discrete system of a large size. We propose to develop a content-adaptive unstructured grid (CAUG) based regularized CT reconstruction method to address these issues. Specifically, we design a CAUG of the image domain to sparsely represent the underlying image, and introduce a CAUG-based piecewise linear approximation of the integral equation by employing a collocation method. We further apply a regularization defined on the CAUG for the resulting illposed linear system, which may lead to a sparse linear representation for the underlying solution. The regularized CT reconstruction is formulated as a convex optimization problem, whose objective function consists of a weighted least square norm based fidelity term, a regularization term and a constraint term. Here, the corresponding weighted matrix is derived from the simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (SART). We then develop a SART-type preconditioned fixed-point proximity algorithm to solve the optimization problem. Convergence analysis is provided for the resulting iterative algorithm. Numerical experiments demonstrate the outperformance of the proposed method over several existing methods in terms of both suppressing noise and reducing computational costs. These methods include the SART without regularization and with quadratic regularization on the CAUG, the traditional total variation (TV) regularized reconstruction method and the TV superiorized conjugate gradient method on the pixel grid.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
Pouya Dehestani ◽  
Farzam Farahmand ◽  
Amirhossein Borjali ◽  
Kaveh Bashti ◽  
Mahmoud Chizari

Abstract Purpose Core Bone Plug Fixation (CBPF) technique is an implant-less methodology for ACL reconstruction. This study investigates the effect of bone density on CBPF stability to identify the bone quality that is likely to benefit from this technique. Methods Artificial blocks with 160 (Group 1), 240 (Group 2), and 320 (Group 3) kg/m3 densities were used to simulate human bone with diverse qualities. These groups are representative of the elderly, middle age and young people, respectively. A tunnel was made in each test sample using a cannulated drill bit which enabled harvesting the core bone plug intact. Fresh animal tendon grafts were prepared and passed through the tunnel, so the core bone was pushed in to secure the tendon. The fixation stability was tested by applying a cyclic load following by a pullout load until the failure occurred. The selected group was compared with interference screw fixation technique as a gold standard method in ACL reconstruction. Results The Group 2 stiffness and yield strength were significantly larger than Group 1. The graft slippage of Group 1 was significantly less than Group 3. The ultimate strengths were 310 N and 363 N, in Groups 2 and 3, significantly larger than that of Group 1. The ultimate strength in fixation by interference screw was 693.18 N, significantly larger than the bone plug method. Conclusions The stability of CBPF was greatly affected by bone density. This technique is more suitable for young and middle-aged people. With further improvements, the CBPF might be an alternative ACL reconstruction technique for patients with good bone quality. Clinical relevance The CBPF technique offers an implant-less organic ACL reconstruction technique with numerous advantages and likely would speed up the healing process by using the patient’s own bones and tissues rather than any non-biologic fixations.

Jonathan J. Callegari ◽  
Cameron J. Phillips ◽  
Thay Q. Lee ◽  
Kevin Kruse ◽  
Patrick J. Denard

2022 ◽  
Vol 21 ◽  
pp. 153303382110673
Hayate Washio ◽  
Shingo Ohira ◽  
Yoshinori Funama ◽  
Yoshihiro Ueda ◽  
Masahiro Morimoto ◽  

Introduction: Several studies have reported the relation between the imaging dose and secondary cancer risk and have emphasized the need to minimize the additional imaging dose as low as reasonably achievable. The iterative cone-beam computed tomography (iCBCT) algorithm can improve the image quality by utilizing scatter correction and statistical reconstruction. We investigate the use of a novel iCBCT reconstruction algorithm to reduce the patient dose while maintaining low-contrast detectability and registration accuracy. Methods: Catphan and anthropomorphic phantoms were analyzed. All CBCT images were acquired with varying dose levels and reconstructed with a Feldkamp–Davis–Kress algorithm-based CBCT (FDK-CBCT) and iCBCT. The low-contrast detectability was subjectively assessed using a 9-point scale by 4 reviewers and objectively assessed using structure similarity index (SSIM). The soft tissue-based registration error was analyzed for each dose level and reconstruction technique. Results: The results of subjective low-contrast detectability found that the iCBCT acquired at two-thirds of a dose was superior to the FDK-CBCT acquired at a full dose (6.4 vs 5.4). Relative to FDK-CBCT acquired at full dose, SSIM was higher for iCBCT acquired at one-sixth dose in head and head and neck region while equivalent with iCBCT acquired at two-thirds dose in pelvis region. The soft tissue-based registration was 2.2 and 0.6 mm for FDK-CBCT and iCBCT, respectively. Conclusion: Use of iCBCT reconstruction algorithm can generally reduce the patient dose by approximately two-thirds compared to conventional reconstruction methods while maintaining low-contrast detectability and accuracy of registration.

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