jet flames
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2022 ◽  
Vol 238 ◽  
pp. 111948
Dong Seok Jeon ◽  
Gyu Jin Hwang ◽  
Hye Jin Jang ◽  
Nam Il Kim

Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 313 ◽  
pp. 123030
Zhenghong Zhao ◽  
Tai Zhang ◽  
Xiaoshan Li ◽  
Liqi Zhang ◽  
Zewu Zhang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Ryan D. DeBoskey ◽  
David A. Kessler ◽  
Ryan F. Johnson ◽  
Brian Bojko ◽  
Abinash Sahoo ◽  

Fuel ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 306 ◽  
pp. 121659
Yongliang Xie ◽  
Na Lv ◽  
Xujiang Wang ◽  
Dejian Wu ◽  
Shimao Wang

Alessandro Soli ◽  
Ivan Langella ◽  
Zhi X. Chen

AbstractThe physical mechanism leading to flame local extinction remains a key issue to be further understood. An analysis of large eddy simulation (LES) data with presumed probability density function (PDF) based closure (Chen et al., 2020, Combust. Flame, vol. 212, pp. 415) indicated the presence of localised breaks of the flame front along the stoichiometric line. These observations and their relation to local quenching of burning fluid particles, together with the possible physical mechanisms and conditions allowing their appearance in LES with a simple flamelet model, are investigated in this work using a combined Lagrangian-Eulerian analysis. The Sidney/Sandia piloted jet flames with compositionally inhomogeneous inlet and increasing bulk speeds, amounting to respectively 70 and 90% of the experimental blow-off velocity, are used for this analysis. Passive flow tracers are first seeded in the inlet streams and tracked for their lifetime. The critical scenario observed in the Lagrangian analysis, i.e., burning particles crossing extinction holes on the stoichiometric iso-surface, is then investigated using the Eulerian control-volume approach. For the 70% blow-off case the observed flame front breaks/extinction holes are due to cold and inhomogeneous reactants that are cast onto the stoichiometric iso-surface by large vortices initiated in the jet/pilot shear layer. In this case an extinction hole forms only when the strain effect is accompanied by strong subgrid mixing. This mechanism is captured by the unstrained flamelets model due to the ability of the LES to resolve large-scale strain and considers the SGS mixture fraction variance weakening effect on the reaction rate through the flamelet manifold. Only at 90% blow-off speed the expected limitation of the underlying combustion model assumption become apparent, where the amount of local extinctions predicted by the LES is underestimated compared to the experiment. In this case flame front breaks are still observed in the LES and are caused by a stronger vortex/strain interaction yet without the aid of mixture fraction variance. The reasons for these different behaviours and their implications from a physical and modelling point of view are discussed in this study.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (3) ◽  
pp. 169
C. Yu ◽  
U. Maas

In order to address the impact of the concentration gradients on the chemistry – turbulence interaction in turbulent flames, the REDIM reduced chemistry is constructed incorporating the scalar dissipation rate, which is a key quantity describing the turbulent mixing process. This is achieved by providing a variable gradient estimate in the REDIM evolution equation. In such case, the REDIM reduced chemistry is tabulated as a function of the reduced coordinates and the scalar dissipation rate as an additional progress variable. The constructed REDIM is based on a detailed transport model including the differential diffusion, and is validated for a piloted non-premixed turbulent jet flames (Sandia Flame D and E). The results show that the newly generated REDIM can reproduce the thermo-kinetic quantities very well, and the differential molecular diffusion effect can also be well captured.

2021 ◽  
Vol 233 ◽  
pp. 111584
Ki Sung Jung ◽  
Seung Ook Kim ◽  
Tianfeng Lu ◽  
Jacqueline H. Chen ◽  
Chun Sang Yoo

Heliyon ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. e08349
Carmina Pérez-Guerrero ◽  
Adriana Palacios ◽  
Gilberto Ochoa-Ruiz ◽  
Christian Mata ◽  
Joaquim Casal ◽  

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