Background: We determined the effect of prostate-specific antigen velocity (PSAV) on the surgical outcome of thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).Methods: A retrospective review was performed of prospectively collected data of patients with BPH who underwent ThuLEP at any time from 2017 to 2019. Patients who had undergone BPH surgery or had prostate cancer previously were excluded, and patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) > 4 ng/ml were examined through transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy to rule out prostatic malignancy. Furthermore, patients were excluded if prostatic malignancy was diagnosed during postsurgery follow-up.Results: The PSA level, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and quality of life (QoL) of 27 male patients at 3 and 15 months postsurgery differed significantly from those at presurgery; the maximum flow rate (Qmax) and postvoid residual (PVR) significantly differed between 3 months postsurgery and presurgery; and 22 and 5 patients had good to excellent and fair to poor outcomes, respectively, at 15 months postsurgery. Patients were divided into two groups (fair and poor vs. good and excellent outcomes at 15 months postsurgery), which significantly differed with respect to PSAV at 3 months postsurgery (P = 0.04), IPSS presurgery (P < 0.02), surgical length (P = 0.01), and hospitalization duration (P = 0.04). In a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the optimal cutoff value of PSAV of −0.52 ng/ml characterized effectiveness at 15 months after ThuLEP, and the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity were 0.82 (P < 0.02), 0.80, and 0.82, respectively. For PSAV < -0.52 and ≥-0.52 ng/ml, the percentages of reduction for IPSS, QoL, Qmax, and PVR were −78.6 and −71.4%, −33.3 and 0.0%, 94.4 and 40.0%, and −85.1 and −38.7%, respectively.Conclusions: Postsurgical PSAV was positively correlated with surgical success, and the PSAV cutoff was −0.52 ng/ml. PSAV can, thus, be used to guide the postsurgical follow-up treatment at 3 months after BPH surgery.
Renal artery pseudoaneurysm post-laser lithotripsy is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication. Traditionally, the most common modalities used for treatment of urinary tract stones were holmium laser lithotripsy and extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy. However, thulium laser has recently gained momentum in the treatment of urinary tract stones with increasing use and availability in healthcare systems. We report a case of renal artery pseudoaneurysm post-thulium laser lithotripsy who presented in hemorrhagic shock after ureteral stent removal and was subsequently stabilized by endovascular embolization.
IntroductionThe potential of transurethral laser surgery in treating non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) has been confirmed, however which types of lasers may be preferentially prescribed remains a debate. The aim of this network meta-analysis is to investigate the comparative efficacy and safety of transurethral laser surgery with four common types of laser including holmium laser, potassium titanylphosphate (KTP) laser, 2-micron laser or thulium laser for the treatment of NMIBC.Methods and analysisA systematic search will be conducted to search all potentially eligible randomised controlled trials comparing different transurethral laser surgeries with each other or with standard transurethral resection among patients with NMIBC in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang database and Chongqing VIP from their inception until 31 May 2021. Two reviewers will be asked to independently select eligible studies, and assess the risk of bias of individual study with Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool. A random-effects network meta-analysis based on Markov chain Monte Carlo method will be carried out. Ranking probabilities will be considered to rank all laser types. Quantitative analysis will be carried out by using WinBUGS V.1.4.3.Ethics and disseminationEthical approval is not required because this is a network meta-analysis of published data. We will submit all findings to some conferences for preliminary communication and to a peer-reviewed journal for publication.Trial registration number10.17605/OSF.IO/TD9MW.
AbstractAcne scarring is a common disfiguring complication of acne, and fractional lasers are widely applied in improving it. This study is to compare the efficacy and safety of fractional non-ablative 1927 nm thulium laser (FTL) and fractional ablative 2940 nm Er:YAG laser (FEL) in the treatment of acne scarring. Subjects with moderate or severe atrophic facial acne scarring received 3 sessions of FTL on the left side of face and FEL on the right side of face at an average interval of 4–6 weeks. Major assessments included Goodman&Baron quantitative global scarring grading system (GBS), self-rated improvement and satisfaction score. Twenty-seven subjects completed the study; for FTL side, average GBS decreased from 11.15 ± 5.04 at baseline to 7.07 ± 4.87 with an improvement percent of 36.54%; for FEL side, average GBS decreased from 10.81 ± 4.46 to 7.00 ± 4.07 with an improvement percent of 35.27%. Adverse effects include transient pain, erythema, edema, and increase of acne. No significant difference was found between two lasers. Both FTL and FEL improved atrophic acne scarring and were well-tolerated. Increase of acne during laser treatment may have a negative impact on efficacy. Trial registration number was NCT04813419 and date of registration was 19th, March, 2021, retrospectively registered.