The objective of the study: a comparative study of immediate and long-term results of pulmonary tuberculoma precision resection with Nd:YAG-laser with a wavelength of 1,318 nm and atypical resection with suturing devices.Subjects and Methods. Two groups of 58 patients each were compared. The groups were comparable in terms of gender, age, the nature of the concomitant pathology and the main pathological process. In Group I, patients were operated on using precision 1,318-nm Nd:YAG-laser resection, and in Group II, the sublobar resection with suturing devices were used.Results. The mean duration of hospital stay in Groups I and II was 19.10 ± 6.02 and 19.20 ± 6.02 days respectively (p > 0.05), the duration of surgery made 65 [55; 75] and 55 [45; 60] minutes (p > 0.05), the mean volume of surgical blood loss was 50 [33; 70] and 70 [50; 165] ml (p > 0.05), and the mean duration of pleural cavity drainage after surgery was 4 [3; 5] and 4 [3; 6] days (p > 0.05). Statistically significant differences were noted in the mean volume of the resected part of the lung: 14.0 ± 7.4 mm3 in Group I versus 95.0 ± 9.7 mm3 in Group II (p ≤ 0.05). The complete clinical and radiological cure was achieved in 70% of patients in Group I and 82% in Group II. According to MSCT data, in 91.6% of cases, a thin linear scar is formed in the area of precision intervention.Conclusion: The surgical methods are comparable in terms of immediate and long-term results but precision laser resection minimizes the removal of intact tissue during the removal of tuberculomas.
Background: Thulium laser resection of bladder tumors (TmLRBT) is recently considered as a common treatment option for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancers (NMIBC), but whether it is superior to Transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) are still undetermined.Materials and Methods: We retrospectively screened our institution database to identify patients who were treated by conventional TURBT or TmLRBT for NMIBC and followed by intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunotherapy. The preoperative characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and recurrence-free survival were compared to assess the safety and efficacy of the two procedures.Results: Eventually, 90 patients who underwent TmLRBT (n = 37) or TURBT (n = 53) followed by intravesical BCG immunotherapy were included. Two groups were similar in baseline characteristics except for the smaller tumor size of the TmLRBT group(1.7 cm vs. 2.2 cm; P = 0.036). Obturator nerve reflex occurred in eight patients in the TURBT group and 3 of them suffered from bladder perforation while none happened in the TmLRBT group. The TmLRBT also had a shorter irrigation duration. In the multivariate Cox regression, the TmLRBT was related to less recurrence risk (HR: 0.268; 95% CI, 0.095–0.759; P = 0.013).Conclusion: Our results suggested that TmLRBT is safer than conventional TURBT with fewer perioperative complications, and it offers better cancer control, therefore might be a superior option for NMIBC patients with intermediate and high recurrence risk.
Introduction: Fourth branchial anomalies, the rarest among anomalies of the branchial apparatus, often present diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. We evaluated the clinical presentation and radiographic features, the treatment and the long-term outcome of patients in this setting.Patients and Methods: Of 12 patients treated in the University Hospitals Leuven from 2004 until 2020, 12 variables were collected: date of birth, gender, age of onset of the symptoms, age at final diagnosis, presentation, laterality, previous procedures, diagnostic tools, treatment (open neck surgery, endoscopic laser excision, or combination), complications, recurrence, and period of follow-up. Descriptive statistics were calculated and results were compared to the existing literature.Results: The most common clinical manifestations were recurrent neck infections with and without abcedation. Definitive diagnosis using direct laryngoscopy, visualizing the internal sinus opening, was possible in all patients. A CT study revealed the typical features of fourth branchial anomalies in seven patients out of nine, an ultrasound study in five out of nine patients. All patients underwent open neck surgery. If this was insufficient, secondary endoscopic laser resection of the ostium at the apex of the piriform sinus was performed (n = 4). In eight patients a thyroid lobectomy was needed for safe complete resection. Postoperative complications were minimal and at long-term, none of the patients showed further recurrence. Average time of follow-up was 8.6 years.Conclusions: Direct laryngoscopy and CT are the most accurate diagnostic tools. Our recommended treatment schedule consists of complete excision of the sinus tract by open neck surgery as the primary treatment because this ensures the best results. In case of recurrence afterwards, endoscopic laser resection of the pharyngeal ostium solved the problem.
The use of the diode laser is a frequently employed treatment modality in primary surgical excision, especially for early oral cancer. This is due to advantages offered in precision of excision, and potential reduced post-operative pain compared to other excision methods. Additionally, haemostasis can often be obtained simultaneous to excision. Despite frequent use of laser excision for oral cancer/dysplasia, there is limited information on the incidence of postoperative complications.
Data was collected retrospectively by review of electronic healthcare records for a 5-year period (Jan 2015-Jan 2020) for patients who underwent transoral laser excision of oral dysplasia in a major UK teaching hospital. The number of short (<30 days) and longer-term complications was evaluated and categorised using the Clavien-Dindo classification.
A total 260 patients received diode laser resection for oral cancer/dysplasia in this period. Approximately one third of patients had the diagnosis of SCC and 52% of patients were treated on a day case basis. Approximately one third of patients experienced postoperative complications.; including positive or close resection margins (16%), bleeding (8%), superficial infection (6%) and significant postoperative pain (2%). A total of 16% of patients required further treatment in theatre (Clavien-Dindo IIIb).
The use of lasers for excision of oral tumours and dysplastic lesions is a frequently employed modality, offering advantages to the operating surgeon (improved haemostasis, excellent manoeuvrability) and patients (reduced pain and scarring). Complications are largely predictable in nature, but the surgical team should be aware of potential issues to ensure safe, effective patient care.
Introduction: The contents of the retropharyngeal space are limited to fat and retropharyngeal nodes. Primary tumors originating from the retropharyngeal space are rare, therefore, the existence of schwannoma in the retropharyngeal space is infrequent. Method: This paper describes a case of a large schwannoma of the retropharyngeal space excised transorally with the use of co2 laser. This lesion measured about 6/6 x 3/5. Result: No peri-or post-operative complications were encountered. The procedure allowed quick resumption of an oral diet and a return to normal activity for the patient. Conclusion: This is, to our knowledge, the first report of this technique used in the excision of a large retropharyngeal space schwannoma.
<b><i>Introduction:</i></b> The thulium laser resection of bladder tumors (TmLRBT) was increasingly used in the treatment of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) recently, and here we report the relevant outcomes of our institution to evaluate its efficacy and safety. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> We retrospectively collected the data of NMIBC patients who underwent either TmLRBT or transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). The baseline characteristics and perioperative outcomes were compared in these 2 groups. <b><i>Results:</i></b> The TmLRBT had a higher rate of detrusor identification than TURBT (97.4 vs. 87.6%, <i>p</i> = 0.001). After screening, 134 patients who underwent TmLRBT and 152 patients who received TURBT were enrolled in the analysis, and their baseline characteristics were similar. During the TURBT, 24 (15.8%) obturator nerve reflexes and 9 (5.9%) bladder perforations occurred, while none happened during the TmLRBT. After surgery, TmLRBT patients had fewer postoperative gross hematuria (38.1 vs. 96.7%, <i>p</i> < 0.001) and postoperative irrigation (27.6 vs. 92.7%, <i>p</i> < 0.001), and its irrigation duration was significantly shorter (2.3 vs. 3.3 day, <i>p</i> < 0.001). During the follow-up, no significant difference in the recurrence rate was detected (<i>p</i> = 0.315). <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> TmLRBT is a safer technique than conventional TURBT in the treatment of NMIBC, and it could offer better specimens for pathologic assessment while the cancer control was not compromised.