Vestibular Disorders
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2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Hayoung Byun ◽  
Jae Ho Chung ◽  
Jin Hyeok Jeong ◽  
Jiin Ryu ◽  
Seung Hwan Lee

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea(OSA) could influence peripheral vestibular function adversely via intermittent hypoxia and its consequences. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the risk of peripheral vestibular disorders in OSA using a nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The National Health Insurance Service–National Sample Cohort represents the entire Korean population from 2002 to 2015. OSA was defined as individuals who had used medical services twice or more under a diagnosis of OSA(G47.33 in ICD-10). A comparison cohort consisted of socio-demographically matched non-OSA subjects in a ratio of 1:4. The incidences of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(BPPV), Meniere’s disease, and vestibular neuritis were evaluated in each cohort. RESULTS: A total of 2,082 individuals with OSA and 8,328 matched non-OSA subjects were identified. The incidence rates(IRs) of peripheral vertigo in OSA and non-OSA were 149.86 and 23.88 per 10,000 persons, respectively (Ratio of IR, IRR = 6.28, 95%CI 4.89 to 8.08). In multivariable analysis, the risk of peripheral vertigo was significantly higher in OSA(adjusted HR = 6.64, 95%CI 5.20 to 8.47), old age(adjusted HR = 1.03, 95%CI 1.02 to 1.04), female sex(adjusted HR = 1.92, 95%CI 1.48 to 2.50), and comorbidities(adjusted HR = 1.09, 95%CI 1.003 to 1.19). The IRRs of each vestibular disorder in the two groups were 7.32(95%CI 4.80 to 11.33) for BPPV, 3.61(95%CI 2.24 to 5.81) for Meniere’s disease, and 9.51(95%CI 3.97 to 25.11) for vestibular neuritis. CONCLUSIONS: Subjects diagnosed with OSA had a higher incidence of peripheral vestibular disorders than those without OSA, according to national administrative claims data. It is recommended to take peripheral vertigo into account when counseling OSA.

2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Steven D. Curry ◽  
Alessandro Carotenuto ◽  
Devin A. DeLuna ◽  
Dennis J. Maar ◽  
Ye Huang ◽  

Christine Little ◽  
Jennifer Kelly ◽  
Maura K. Cosetti

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (7_suppl3) ◽  
pp. 2325967121S0017
Michael S Karl ◽  
Arielle Darvin ◽  
Robert C O’Reilly ◽  
Megan Beam ◽  
Karen Dillon

Background: Dizziness is the second most common symptom in people who sustain a concussion and there are few reports on vestibular laboratory findings in the concussed pediatric population. Studies to date have shown conflicting findings regarding incidence of peripheral vestibular disorders. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study is to report vestibular laboratory and clinical examination findings in concussed youth referred to a multidisciplinary vestibular clinic. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for all patients (n=474) seen from August 2017 to March 2020 for a single comprehensive examination in a multidisciplinary pediatric vestibular specialty clinic. Data was extracted from the charts of patients (n=64) with a history of concussion referred because of chronic dizziness and/or imbalance. Each patient was examined by a neurotologist, physical therapist, and audiologist with specialized training in vestibular disorders. Vestibular laboratory testing performed by audiologists included video nystagmography (VNG) evaluation of oculomotor function and BPPV, rotational chair, video head impulse test (vHIT), vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs), post-headshake nystagmus, and caloric irrigation. Physical therapy clinical examination included dynamic visual acuity testing (DVA), vestibular/oculomotor screening (VOMS), and sensory organization test (SOT). Not all tests were performed on every patient secondary to factors such as insurance coverage, patient tolerance, and young age. Results: 1 or more components of VOMS was abnormal in 30 of 53 patients examined. DVA was completed on 40 patients, 23 of which were reported as abnormal. SOT was completed on 46 patients, 18 of which demonstrated below normal composite equilibrium scores. Laboratory findings were as follows: VEMPs (n=50) were normal in all but 1 patient, vHIT (n=59), caloric irrigation (n=26), post-headshake nystagmus (n=49), and positional testing (n=55) were normal on all patients tested. Rotational chair (n=60) was performed at 4 different frequencies and revealed low gain in 3 patients. Conclusion: Vestibular laboratory examination was normal in nearly all subjects tested. These results suggest that in concussed youth with chronic dizziness and/or imbalance, laboratory vestibular test outcomes indicative of peripheral dysfunction are rare, which contradicts previous research in this population. In contrast, clinical vestibular assessment was abnormal in more than 50% of subjects examined which suggests that clinicians should use caution interpreting clinical examination findings for diagnosing peripheral vestibular dysfunction. Abnormal clinical examination findings may be indicative of central vestibular conditions such as space and motion intolerance and PPPD in chronically dizzy pediatric patients after concussion. Tables/Figures: [Table: see text][Table: see text]

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-3
Christian Chabbert ◽  
Anne Charpiot

The GDR Vertige is a federative research group gathering the different components of the French neuro-otology community. The annual meeting of the GDR Vertige is an opportunity for interactive exchanges between scientists, clinicians and industrialists, on basic issues related to vestibular function, as well as translational questions regarding the management of vestibular disorders. For its fifth edition, the annual meeting of the GDR Vertige, which took place in September 2019 in Marseille (France), was devoted to one of the most peculiar phenomena of neuro-otology: endolymphatic hydrops. For two days, international scientists and clinicians presented the most recent advances regarding the biophysical correlates of endolymphatic hydrops, the genetic and endocrine tableaux that favor its manifestation, new methods of clinical imaging, and current and upcoming therapeutic strategies to overcome the associated clinical manifestations. This special issue of the Journal of Vestibular Research aims at providing the proceedings of this meeting.

Zahra Nadimi ◽  
Mansoureh Adel Ghahraman ◽  
Ghassem Mohammadkhani ◽  
Reza Hoseinabadi ◽  
Shohreh Jalaie ◽  

Background and Aim: Vestibular system has several anatomical connections with cognitive regions of the brain. Vestibular disorders have negative effects on cognitive performance. Hearing-impaired patients, particularly cochlear implant users, have concomitant vestibular disor­ders. Previous studies have shown that attention assigned to postural control decreases while per­forming a cognitive task (dual task) in hearing-impaired children. Since the vestibular system and postural control performance develop around 15−16 years of age, the aim of this study was to compare postural control performance during dual task in adolescent boys with normal hearing and cochlear implant (CI) users with congenital hearing-impairment. Methods: Postural control was assessed in twenty 16−19 year old cochlear implant boys and 40 normal hearing peers with force plate. The main outcomes were displacement in posterior- anterior and medial-lateral planes, and mean speed with and without cognitive task and under on/off-device conditions. Caloric test was per­formed for CI users in order to examine the peri­pheral vestibular system. Results: Ninety-five percent of CI users showed caloric weakness. There were no significant diff­erences in postural control parameters between groups. All performances deteriorated in the foam pad condition compared to the hard surface in all groups. Total mean velocity significantly increased during dual task in normal hearing group and in CI users with off-device. Conclusion: Although CI users had apparent vestibular disorders, their postural control in both single and dual-task conditions was identical to the normal peers. These effects can be attributed to the vestibular compensation that takes place during growing. Keywords: Balance; postural control; dual task; congenital hearing loss; cochlear implant

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
S. Foth ◽  
S. Meller ◽  
H. Kenward ◽  
J. Elliott ◽  
L. Pelligand ◽  

Abstract Background Vestibular syndrome is often accompanied by nausea. Drugs currently approved for its treatment have been developed to stop vomiting but not nausea. The efficacy of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists to reduce nausea has been described for chemotherapy, but not for nausea secondary to vestibular disorders. Methods Sixteen dogs with vestibular syndrome-associated nausea were included in the open-label, multicentre study. The intensity of nausea-like behaviour was analysed before ondansetron administration (0.5 mg/kg i.v.) and 2 h afterwards, using a validated 5-point-scale. The occurrence and frequency of salivation, lip licking, restlessness, vocalisation, lethargy, and vomiting were assessed. Results All dogs initially showed signs of nausea, whereas only 31% showed vomitus. The intensity of nausea was significantly reduced in all dogs (p ≤ 0.0001) 2 h after ondansetron administration, including the clinical signs of nausea analysed in 11 dogs (salivation [p = 0.0078], lip licking [p = 0.0078], restlessness [p = 0.0039], and lethargy [p = 0.0078]) except for vocalisation (p > 0.9999). Conclusions The results provide preliminary evidence of the potential benefit of ondansetron in the treatment of nausea, which was present in all examined dogs. Vomiting was only observed in 5 dogs indicating that nausea can occur separately and should not be perceived only as a preceding stimulation of the vomiting centre.

Herng-Ching Lin ◽  
Sudha Xirasagar ◽  
Chia-Hui Wang ◽  
Yen-Fu Cheng ◽  
Tsai-Ching Liu ◽  

This case–control study aimed to investigate the association of peripheral vestibular disorders (PVD) with subsequent land transport accidents. Data for this study were obtained from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance (NHI) dataset. We retrieved 8704 subjects who were newly found to have land transport accidents as cases. Their diagnosis date was used as their index date. Controls were identified by propensity score matching (one per case, n = 8704 controls) from the NHI dataset with their index date being the date of their first health service claim in 2017. Multiple logistic regressions were performed to calculate the prior PVD odds ratio of cases vs. controls. We found that 2.36% of the sampled patients had been diagnosed with PVD before the index date, 3.37% among cases and 1.36% among controls. Chi-square test revealed that there was a significant association between land transport accident and PVD (p < 0.001). Furthermore, multiple logistic regression analysis suggested that cases were more likely to have had a prior PVD diagnosis when compared to controls (OR = 2.533; 95% CI = 2.041–3.143; p < 0.001). After adjusting for age, gender, hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, and hyperlipidemia, cases had a greater tendency to have a prior diagnosis of PVD than controls (OR = 3.001, 95% CI = 2.410–3.741, p < 0.001). We conclude that patients with PVD are at twofold higher odds for land transport accidents.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Julia Dlugaiczyk ◽  
Thomas Lempert ◽  
Jose Antonio Lopez-Escamez ◽  
Roberto Teggi ◽  
Michael von Brevern ◽  

Despite the huge progress in the definition and classification of vestibular disorders within the last decade, there are still patients whose recurrent vestibular symptoms cannot be attributed to any of the recognized episodic vestibular syndromes, such as Menière's disease (MD), vestibular migraine (VM), benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), vestibular paroxysmia, orthostatic vertigo or transient ischemic attack (TIA). The aim of the present international, multi-center, cross-sectional study was to systematically characterize the clinical picture of recurrent vestibular symptoms not otherwise specified (RVS-NOS) and to compare it to MD and VM. Thirty-five patients with RVS-NOS, 150 patients with VM or probable VM and 119 patients with MD were included in the study. The symptoms of RVS-NOS had been present for 5.4 years on average before inclusion, similar to VM and MD in this study, suggesting that RVS-NOS is not a transitory state before converting into another diagnosis. Overall, the profile of RVS-NOS vestibular symptoms was more similar to VM than MD. In particular, the spectrum of vestibular symptom types was larger in VM and RVS-NOS than in MD, both at group comparison and the individual level. However, in contrast to VM, no female preponderance was observed for RVS-NOS. Positional, head-motion and orthostatic vertigo were reported more frequently by patients with RVS-NOS than MD, while external vertigo was more prevalent in the MD group. At group level, the spectrum of attack durations from minutes to 3 days was evenly distributed for VM, while a small peak for short and long attacks in RVS-NOS and a big single peak of hours in MD were discernible. In general, vertigo attacks and associated vegetative symptoms (nausea and vomiting) were milder in RVS-NOS than in the other two disorders. Some patients with RVS-NOS described accompanying auditory symptoms (tinnitus: 2.9%, aural fullness and hearing loss: 5.7% each), migrainous symptoms (photophobia, phonophobia or visual aura in 5.7% each) or non-migrainous headaches (14%), but did not fulfill the diagnostic criteria for MD or VM. Absence of a life time diagnosis of migraine headache and attack duration of &lt;5 min were further reasons not to qualify for VM. In some RVS-NOS patients with accompanying ear symptoms, attack durations of &lt;20 min excluded them from being diagnosed with MD. These findings suggest that RVS-NOS is a stable diagnosis over time whose overall clinical presentation is more similar to VM than to MD. It is more likely to be composed of several disorders including a spectrum of mild or incomplete variants of known vestibular disorders, such as VM and MD, rather than a single disease entity with distinct pathognomonic features.

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