critical stage
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Author(s):  
Mingyang Wang ◽  
Haosheng Ye ◽  
Xueliang Wang ◽  
Zhuyong Li ◽  
Jie Sheng ◽  
...  

Abstract The development of high temperature superconducting (HTS) conductors is leading to the diverse structure designs of HTS cable. (RE)Ba2Cu3Ox (REBCO) tapes using spiral geometry has been a popular compact HTS cable structure, which is in the critical stage of engineering production and application. However, the winding quality of REBCO tapes is unstable for spiral HTS cables, because of the different winding methods like manual winding, device-assisted winding, or automatic winding. Although automatic winding will be the first choice for the actual applications by spiral HTS cables, the related winding quality is not monitored effectively yet. In this paper, we first discuss the possible influence of the winding quality on the critical current performance of spiral HTS cables. Then, an artificial intelligence (AI) based method is implemented to realize the detection model for the winding quality. From image data preparation to AI detection and postprocessing, the detection model provides the final results to show the winding intervals as a binary image. Through the intuitive analysis and the evaluation metrics, both error and correct winding conditions obtain acceptable detection results, and the correct one has a better performance. The identification of the winding intervals will help to determine the monitoring strategy for the spiral HTS cable fabrication.


2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 01-06
Author(s):  
Dan Jiang

Covid-19 is a pandemic infective disease, which has been erupting throughout the whole world from 2020 to 2021. There have been at the time of reviewing more than a hundred million cases (102,399,513) of infection, and more than 2 million deaths (2,217,005) in more than 200 countries; this information is taken from the Covid-19 daily situation report issued on 1st Feb 2021 by WHO. The pandemic was also declared as an outbreak of Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30th Jan 2020 by WHO. No effective treatment model has yet been confirmed by conventional western medicine, but some herbal treatments used in China can be recognized as having positive results in Covid-19 cases. This pandemic disaster has been severely damaging to quality of life, disturbing social communication, economic development and the progress of humanity. Successful results were first reported from temporary hospitals (Fangcang Hospitals set up in arenas and exhibition spaces) in Wuhan, China, where more than 90% of patients treated with Chinese herbal medicine were prevented by transferring from the minor or milder stages of the disease to the severe or critical stage. In all of them the positive PCR became negative; herbs were involved in the rescue and treatment of severe and critical cases in ICU’s in hospitals as well. It was an important factor in how Covid-19 was controlled so quickly in China. The author recruited both confirmed and suspected Covid-19 patients through social media (WeChat, WhatsApp, Internet, message etc.) as a volunteer TCM consultant from March 2020, during the first Lockdown phase in UK. It was quickly realized that the appearance of the tongue provides special and significant information for identifying whether Covid-19 is present and shows its severity, from a TCM perspective, as the degree and type of dampness accumulated within the body. Herbal prescriptions were sent by post for patients’ treatment according to their clinical findings, virus exposure history and tongue information (from photos). Similar positive effects were found as in China, and treatment reports and results are summarized here. The author believes there are many herbal medicines that can be effective in controlling the Sars-Cov-2 virus, and that prescribing the appropriate formula to match each individual case is the key point for TCM control of Covid-19. Chinese herbal medicine is the most effective current treatment method that can prevent cases in the minor and ordinary stages from progressing to the severe or critical stage, and so can play a significant role in the decrease and cure of Covid-19.


2022 ◽  
Vol 08 (01) ◽  
Author(s):  
Li-Yuan Cheng ◽  

Preschool education is a critical stage in a child's life. Several studies have confirmed that the pivotal moment for the development of creativity is between the ages of three and five. Through cultivation, training, and learning development ability, preschool children's creativity can be amplified through the presence of nature and the imagination of instructional strategies. The purpose of this research is to look into the effect of situational learning in physical education on preschool children's creativity. This study's methodology begins with a pre-test of the child's creativity performance, followed by a six-week program of situational physical learning lessons. The data is compared to show how children's learning abilities have changed and how effective situational learning training has been in increasing creativity.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 231
Author(s):  
Andronikos Loukidis ◽  
Dimos Triantis ◽  
Ilias Stavrakas ◽  
Ermioni D. Pasiou ◽  
Stavros K. Kourkoulis

The acoustic activity developed in marble specimens under various loading schemes is explored in terms of the recently introduced F-function. The novelty of the study is that instead of describing the temporal evolution of the F-function in terms of conventional time, the Natural Time concept is employed. Although completely different geometries and loading schemes were considered, the evolution of the F-function in the Natural Time domain exhibits a self-consistent motive: its values increase progressively with fluctuations of varying intensity, however, while the fracture is approaching, a power law appears to systematically govern the response of the specimen/structure loaded. The exponent of this law, somehow corresponding to the intensity of the acoustic activity within the loaded complex, varies within broad limits. The onset of validity of the power law designates that the system has entered into its critical stage, namely that of impending fracture, providing a useful pre-failure signal.


Scene ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1-2) ◽  
pp. 97-116
Author(s):  
Madeline Taylor

The costume fitting room has long been considered an essential space in developing a character, with many actors crediting the fitting as a critical stage in creating or understanding their character. In these spaces, characters and costume designs emerge and evolve. This article argues that active in this emergence are actors, designers and costumers and the costume itself. This research explores the costume’s agentic nature in the performance-making process, using ethnographic observation of Australian theatre costume fitting rooms. It evidences the multiple, disparate and sometimes surprising elements that impact character portrayal and design development. The agency of the costume as a creative partner is currently a topic of debate in costume research. Leaning into this conversation, this article draws on Karan Barad’s perspectives of new materialism to argue for greater consideration of the costume’s influence and value in forming a performance work. Recognizing this contribution and the affective power of costume prompts a challenge to the structures and practices surrounding actors and costumes and how they intra-act. The article concludes by reflecting on the implications for current industry rehearsal, production and costume practices.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Azad A Kabir

Three large randomized clinical trials named the ATTACC, ACTIV-4a, and REMAP-CAP were terminated early as these trials showed use of therapeutic anticoagulation among non-critical COVID-19 patients increased the probability of survival to hospital discharge as well as reduced the need for cardiovascular or respiratory organ support. These clinical trials also showed when a COVID-19 patient presents with a critical stage, therapeutic anticoagulation does not provide any benefit. This study retrospectively evaluated the COVID-19 admission at Jackson Hospital, Alabama, USA from June 15th, 2020, to June 15th, 2021. The study developed COVID-19 mechanism of death and found that anticoagulation doses can be titrated up or down based on D-Dimer trends and many patients do not need therapeutic anticoagulation, rather an intermediate dose (Lovenox 0.5mg/kg subQ BID or higher dose) anticoagulation can be sufficient for those who have a higher risk of bleeding. The author developed the Kabir bleeding risk score-based treatment strategies for COVID-19 patients which can be visited by clicking on the following link: .


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Azad A Kabir

Three large randomized clinical trials named the ATTACC, ACTIV-4a, and REMAP-CAP were terminated early as these trials showed use of therapeutic anticoagulation among non-critical COVID-19 patients increased the probability of survival to hospital discharge as well as reduced the need for cardiovascular or respiratory organ support. These clinical trials also showed when a COVID-19 patient presents with a critical stage, therapeutic anticoagulation does not provide any benefit. This study retrospectively evaluated the COVID-19 admission at Jackson Hospital, Alabama, USA from June 15th, 2020, to June 15th, 2021. The study developed COVID-19 mechanism of death and found that anticoagulation doses can be titrated up or down based on D-Dimer trends and many patients do not need therapeutic anticoagulation, rather an intermediate dose (Lovenox 0.5mg/kg subQ BID or higher dose) anticoagulation can be sufficient for those who have a higher risk of bleeding. The author developed the Kabir bleeding risk score-based treatment strategies for COVID-19 patients which can be visited by clicking on the following link: .


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
◽  
Richard Ogilvy Miller

<p>The inadequacy of our present planning system to accomodate at the critical stage participation of interested citizens in the control of their environment. A case history showing how the negotiations between the various authorities and the Bolton Street Cemetery Preservation Society, the route of the motorway, concerning demonstrates the truth or otherwise of the hypothesis.</p>


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
◽  
Richard Ogilvy Miller

<p>The inadequacy of our present planning system to accomodate at the critical stage participation of interested citizens in the control of their environment. A case history showing how the negotiations between the various authorities and the Bolton Street Cemetery Preservation Society, the route of the motorway, concerning demonstrates the truth or otherwise of the hypothesis.</p>


Author(s):  
Е.Т. Бекиш ◽  
Э.А. Сардарова ◽  
А.Ж. Оразбаков ◽  
К.С. Шукенова

В данной статье рассматривается существенный вклад казахской интеллигенции в развитии и модернизации общества во время переломного этапа в развитии Казахстана. В современном обществе тенденции развития направлены на глобальность и единообразие культур, которые набирают обороты во многих государствах. Эти государства стараются не потерять свое единство и обращаются к истокам. Казахстан прошел несколько этапов переустройства, во время которых образованная часть населения, а именно казахская интеллигенция сыграла важнейшую роль в преодолении кризисных ситуации. В период присоединения Казахстана к России конца XIX- начало XX веков потребовалось сохранить национальное, историческое и культурное наследия и отвоевать свою независимость. Именно на данном этапе казахская интеллигенция достигла основных результатов в изменении традиционного общества путем «совершенствовании» самосознания. Актуальность статьи обусловлена тем, что и на данном этапе, постсоветский Казахстан часто обращается к началу XX века, когда интеллигенция боролась за независимость, за модернизацию сознания традиционного общества, поэтому изучение этого опыта позволит ответить на многие вызовы современности. Цель статьи заключается в выявлении участия и вклада интеллигенции в переустройстве и развитии общества начала XX века. Таким образом, статья посвящена исследованию того, каким образом казахской интеллигенции удалось привнести новые элементы в традиционное общество и сформировать особую идентичность казахов. This article examines the significant contribution of the Kazakh intelligentsia to the development and modernization of society during a critical stage in the development of Kazakhstan. In modern society, development trends are aimed at globality and uniformity of cultures, which are gaining momentum in many states. These states try not to lose their unity and turn to the sources. Kazakhstan has gone through several stages of reconstruction, during which the educated part of the population, namely the Kazakh intelligentsia, played a crucial role in overcoming crisis situations. During the period of Kazakhstan's accession to Russia in the late XIX- early XX centuries, it was necessary to preserve the national, historical and cultural heritage and win back its independence. It was at this stage that the Kazakh intelligentsia achieved the main results in changing the traditional society by "improving" self-awareness. The relevance of the article is due to the fact that at this stage, post-Soviet Kazakhstan often refers to the beginning of the XX century, when the intelligentsia fought for independence, for the modernization of the consciousness of traditional society, therefore, the study of this experience will allow us to answer many challenges of modernity. The purpose of the article is to identify the participation and contribution of the intelligentsia in the reconstruction and development of society at the beginning of the XX century. Thus, the article is devoted to the study of how the Kazakh intelligentsia managed to introduce new elements into traditional society and form a special identity of the Kazakhs.


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