Social media analytics can considerably contribute to understanding health conditions beyond clinical practice, by capturing patients’ discussions and feelings about their quality of life in relation to disease treatments. In this article, we propose a methodology to support a detailed analysis of the therapeutic experience in patients affected by a specific disease, as it emerges from health forums. As a use case to test the proposed methodology, we analyze the experience of patients affected by hypothyroidism and their reactions to standard therapies. Our approach is based on a data extraction and filtering pipeline, a novel topic detection model named
Generative Text Compression with Agglomerative Clustering Summarization
), and an in-depth data analytic process. We advance the state of the art on automated detection of
adverse drug reactions
) since, rather than simply detecting and classifying positive or negative reactions to a therapy, we are capable of providing a fine characterization of patients along different dimensions, such as co-morbidities, symptoms, and emotional states.
Autonomous driving has become a prevalent research topic in recent years, arousing the attention of many academic universities and commercial companies. As human drivers rely on visual information to discern road conditions and make driving decisions, autonomous driving calls for vision systems such as vehicle detection models. These vision models require a large amount of labeled data while collecting and annotating the real traffic data are time-consuming and costly. Therefore, we present a novel vehicle detection framework based on the parallel vision to tackle the above issue, using the specially designed virtual data to help train the vehicle detection model. We also propose a method to construct large-scale artificial scenes and generate the virtual data for the vision-based autonomous driving schemes. Experimental results verify the effectiveness of our proposed framework, demonstrating that the combination of virtual and real data has better performance for training the vehicle detection model than the only use of real data.
Recent results in person detection using deep learning methods applied to aerial images gathered by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have demonstrated the applicability of this approach in scenarios such as Search and Rescue (SAR) operations. In this paper, the continuation of our previous research is presented. The main goal is to further improve detection results, especially in terms of reducing the number of false positive detections and consequently increasing the precision value. We present a new approach that, as input to the multimodel neural network architecture, uses sequences of consecutive images instead of only one static image. Since successive images overlap, the same object of interest needs to be detected in more than one image. The correlation between successive images was calculated, and detected regions in one image were translated to other images based on the displacement vector. The assumption is that an object detected in more than one image has a higher probability of being a true positive detection because it is unlikely that the detection model will find the same false positive detections in multiple images. Based on this information, three different algorithms for rejecting detections and adding detections from one image to other images in the sequence are proposed. All of them achieved precision value about 80% which is increased by almost 20% compared to the current state-of-the-art methods.
Water surface plastic pollution turns out to be a global issue, having aroused rising attention worldwide. How to monitor water surface plastic waste in real time and accurately collect and analyze the relevant numerical data has become a hotspot in water environment research. (1) Background: Over the past few years, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been progressively adopted to conduct studies on the monitoring of water surface plastic waste. On the whole, the monitored data are stored in the UAVS to be subsequently retrieved and analyzed, thereby probably causing the loss of real-time information and hindering the whole monitoring process from being fully automated. (2) Methods: An investigation was conducted on the relationship, function and relevant mechanism between various types of plastic waste in the water surface system. On that basis, this study built a deep learning-based lightweight water surface plastic waste detection model, which was capable of automatically detecting and locating different water surface plastic waste. Moreover, a UAV platform-based edge computing architecture was built. (3) Results: The delay of return task data and UAV energy consumption were effectively reduced, and computing and network resources were optimally allocated. (4) Conclusions: The UAV platform based on airborne depth reasoning is expected to be the mainstream means of water environment monitoring in the future.
The workload of radiologists has dramatically increased in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, causing misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis of diseases. The use of artificial intelligence technology can assist doctors in locating and identifying lesions in medical images. In order to improve the accuracy of disease diagnosis in medical imaging, we propose a lung disease detection neural network that is superior to the current mainstream object detection model in this paper. By combining the advantages of RepVGG block and Resblock in information fusion and information extraction, we design a backbone RRNet with few parameters and strong feature extraction capabilities. After that, we propose a structure called Information Reuse, which can solve the problem of low utilization of the original network output features by connecting the normalized features back to the network. Combining the network of RRNet and the improved RefineDet, we propose the overall network which was called CXR-RefineDet. Through a large number of experiments on the largest public lung chest radiograph detection dataset VinDr-CXR, it is found that the detection accuracy and inference speed of CXR-RefineDet have reached 0.1686 mAP and 6.8 fps, respectively, which is better than the two-stage object detection algorithm using a strong backbone like ResNet-50 and ResNet-101. In addition, the fast reasoning speed of CXR-RefineDet also provides the possibility for the actual implementation of the computer-aided diagnosis system.
Considering the credit index calculation differences, semantic differences, false data, and other problems between platforms such as Internet finance, e-commerce, and health and elderly care, which lead to the credit deviation from the trusted range of credit subjects and the lack of related information of credit subjects, in this paper, we proposed a crossplatform service credit conflict detection model based on the decision distance to support the migration and application of crossplatform credit information transmission and integration. Firstly, we give a scoring table of influencing factors. Score is the probability of the impact of this factor on credit. Through this probability, the distance matrix between influencing factors is generated. Secondly, the similarity matrix is calculated from the distance matrix. Thirdly, the support vector is calculated through the similarity matrix. Fourth, the credit vector is calculated by the support vector. Finally, the credibility is calculated by the credit vector and probability.
The development of high temperature superconducting (HTS) conductors is leading to the diverse structure designs of HTS cable. (RE)Ba2Cu3Ox (REBCO) tapes using spiral geometry has been a popular compact HTS cable structure, which is in the critical stage of engineering production and application. However, the winding quality of REBCO tapes is unstable for spiral HTS cables, because of the different winding methods like manual winding, device-assisted winding, or automatic winding. Although automatic winding will be the first choice for the actual applications by spiral HTS cables, the related winding quality is not monitored effectively yet. In this paper, we first discuss the possible influence of the winding quality on the critical current performance of spiral HTS cables. Then, an artificial intelligence (AI) based method is implemented to realize the detection model for the winding quality. From image data preparation to AI detection and postprocessing, the detection model provides the final results to show the winding intervals as a binary image. Through the intuitive analysis and the evaluation metrics, both error and correct winding conditions obtain acceptable detection results, and the correct one has a better performance. The identification of the winding intervals will help to determine the monitoring strategy for the spiral HTS cable fabrication.