acid base
Recently Published Documents





Desalination ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 525 ◽  
pp. 115488
Azhar Al Hinai ◽  
Tahereh Jafary ◽  
Halima Alhimali ◽  
Sadik Rahman ◽  
Abdullah Al-Mamun

Kanagaraj Rajalakshmi ◽  
Selvaraj Muthusamy ◽  
Yun-Sik Nam ◽  
Yujun Li ◽  
Kang-Bong Lee ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 33 (1) ◽  
pp. 64
Habiddin Habiddin ◽  
Devi Fauziah Kurnia Akbar ◽  
Isnatul Husniah ◽  
Prima Luna

<p>Este estudio tuvo como objetivo descubrir la comprensión científica y no científica de los estudiantes sobre el tema de las propiedades ácido-base de la solución salina. Este estudio descriptivo involucró a 300 estudiantes de tres escuelas secundarias públicas en Malang, Java Oriental, Indonesia. El instrumento de cuatro niveles en el tema desarrollado y considerado válido de nuestro trabajo anterior se utilizó para la recopilación de datos. Se encuentra que la comprensión científica de algunos conceptos por parte de los estudiantes es sólida. Sin embargo, también se descubrieron algunos conocimientos no científicos. También se discute la implicación para la enseñanza del tema.</p>

Michael M. Tymko ◽  
Christopher K. Willie ◽  
Connor A. Howe ◽  
Ryan L. Hoiland ◽  
Rachel Stone ◽  

High-altitude exposure results in a hyperventilatory-induced respiratory alkalosis followed by renal compensation (bicarbonaturia) to return arterial blood pH(a) toward sea-level values. However, acid-base balance has not been comprehensively examined in both lowlanders and indigenous populations - where the latter are thought to be fully adapted to high-altitude. The purpose of this investigation was to compare acid-base balance between acclimatizing lowlanders, and Andean and Sherpa highlanders at various altitudes (~3,800, ~4,300, and ~5,000 m). We compiled data collected across five independent high-altitude expeditions and report the following novel findings: 1) at 3,800 m, Andeans (n=7) had elevated pHa compared to Sherpas (n=12; P<0.01), but not to lowlanders (n=16; nine days acclimatized; P=0.09); 2) at 4,300 m, lowlanders (n=16; 21 days acclimatized) had elevated pHa compared to Andeans (n=32) and Sherpas (n=11; both P<0.01), and Andeans had elevated pHa compared to Sherpas (P=0.01); and 3) at 5,000 m, lowlanders (n=16; 14 days acclimatized) had higher pHa compared to both Andeans (n=66) and Sherpas (n=18; P<0.01, and P=0.03, respectively), and Andean and Sherpa highlanders had similar blood pHa (P=0.65). These novel data characterize acid-base balance acclimatization and adaptation to various altitudes in lowlanders and indigenous highlanders.

2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
pp. 160-184
F.G. Habasha ◽  
K, Michael ◽  
K.O. Al-Jebouril

The experimental design of this study was included (12) Friesian calves aged between 3-5 weeks. Calves were divided into two groups. Group I consisted of (8) calves were infected experimentally with 1.5 x 10“ of Salmonella typhimurium and often that treatment with chloramphenicol and electrolytes fluid were takes place. Group II consisted of (4) calves were infected with organisms but without treatment. The clinical findings of the disease were characterized by two forms which includes the septicemic and enteric forms. Haematological changes revealed a variable number of the total and differential leukocytic count, increased PCV, fibnnogen and decreased of the total plasma protein. . The changes in the acid-based balance indicate the development of metabolic acidosis.

ACS Nano ◽  
2022 ◽  
Francesco Zaccaria ◽  
Baowei Zhang ◽  
Luca Goldoni ◽  
Muhammad Imran ◽  
Juliette Zito ◽  

Hyun-Wook Lee ◽  
Jill W. Verlander ◽  
Gary E Shull ◽  
Autumn N. Harris ◽  
I. David Weiner

The molecular mechanisms regulating ammonia metabolism are fundamental to acid-base homeostasis. Deleting the A splice variant of the Na⁺-bicarbonate cotransporter, electrogenic, isoform 1 (NBCe1-A) partially blocks the effect of acidosis to increase urinary ammonia excretion, and this appears to involve the dysregulated expression of ammoniagenic enzymes in the proximal tubule (PT) in the cortex, but not in the outer medulla (OM). A second NBCe1 splice variant, NBCe1-B, is present throughout the PT, including the OM, where NBCe1-A is not present. The current studies determined the effects of combined renal deletion of NBCe1-A and NBCe1-B on systemic and proximal tubule ammonia metabolism. We generated NBCe1-A/B deletion using Cre-loxP techniques and used Cre-negative mice as controls. Since renal NBCe1-A and NBCe1-B expression is limited to the proximal tubule, Cre-positive mice had proximal tubule NBCe1-A/B deletion (PT-NBCe1-A/B KO). While on basal diet, PT-NBCe1-A/B KO mice had severe metabolic acidosis, yet urinary ammonia excretion was not changed significantly. PT-NBCe1-A/B KO decreased expression of phosphate-dependent glutaminase (PDG) and phospho­enol­pyruvate carboxy­kinase (PEPCK) and increased expression of glutamine synthetase (GS), an ammonia recycling enzyme, in PT in both the cortex and OM. Exogenous acid-loading increased ammonia excretion in control mice, but PT-NBCe1-A/B KO prevented any increase. PT-NBCe1-A/B KO significantly blunted acid loading-induced changes in PDG, PEPCK, and GS expression in the proximal tubule in both the cortex and OM. We conclude that NBCe1-B, at least in the presence of NBCe1-A deletion, contributes to proximal tubule ammonia metabolism in the OM and thereby to systemic acid-base regulation.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document