gravitational wave detectors
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Luca Baiotti

AbstractI review the current global status of research on gravitational waves emitted from mergers of binary neutron star systems, focusing on general-relativistic simulations and their use to interpret data from the gravitational-wave detectors, especially in relation to the equation of state of compact stars.

Galaxies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 12
Derek Davis ◽  
Marissa Walker

Since the early stages of operation of ground-based gravitational-wave interferometers, careful monitoring of these detectors has been an important component of their successful operation and observations. Characterization of gravitational-wave detectors blends computational and instrumental methods of investigating the detector performance. These efforts focus both on identifying ways to improve detector sensitivity for future observations and understand the non-idealized features in data that has already been recorded. Alongside a focus on the detectors themselves, detector characterization includes careful studies of how astrophysical analyses are affected by different data quality issues. This article presents an overview of the multifaceted aspects of the characterization of interferometric gravitational-wave detectors, including investigations of instrumental performance, characterization of interferometer data quality, and the identification and mitigation of data quality issues that impact analysis of gravitational-wave events. Looking forward, we discuss efforts to adapt current detector characterization methods to meet the changing needs of gravitational-wave astronomy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (24) ◽  
pp. 11669
Vincenzo Pierro ◽  
Vincenzo Fiumara ◽  
Francesco Chiadini

In this paper, an analytical solution to the problem of optimal dielectric coating design of mirrors for gravitational wave detectors is found. The technique used to solve this problem is based on Herpin’s equivalent layers, which provide a simple, constructive, and analytical solution. The performance of the Herpin-type design exceeds that of the periodic design and is almost equal to the performance of the numerical, non-constructive optimized design obtained by brute force. Note that the existence of explicit analytic constructive solutions of a constrained optimization problem is not guaranteed in general, when such a solution is found, we speak of turbo optimal solutions.

2021 ◽  
Yusuke Sakai ◽  
Yousuke Itoh ◽  
Piljong Jung ◽  
Keiko Kokeyama ◽  
Chihiro Kozakai ◽  

Abstract In the data of laser interferometric gravitational wave detectors, transient noise with non-stationary and non-Gaussian features occurs at a high rate. It often causes problems such as instability of the detector, hiding and/or imitating gravitational-wave signals. This transient noise has various characteristics in the time-frequency representation, which is considered to be associated with environmental and instrumental origins. Classification of transient noise can offer one of the clues for exploring its origin and improving the performance of the detector. One approach for the classification of these noises is supervised learning. However, generally, supervised learning requires annotation of the training data, and there are issues with ensuring objectivity in the classification and its corresponding new classes. On the contrary, unsupervised learning can reduce the annotation work for the training data and ensuring objectivity in the classification and its corresponding new classes. In this study, we propose an architecture for the classification of transient noise by using unsupervised learning, which combines a variational autoencoder and invariant information clustering. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed architecture, we used the dataset (time-frequency two-dimensional spectrogram images and labels) of the LIGO first observation run prepared by the Gravity Spy project. We obtain the consistency between the label annotated by Gravity spy project and the class provided by our proposed unsupervised learning architecture and provide the potential for the existence of the unrevealed classes.

2021 ◽  
Vol 127 (24) ◽  
Wenxuan Jia ◽  
Hiroaki Yamamoto ◽  
Kevin Kuns ◽  
Anamaria Effler ◽  
Matthew Evans ◽  

Mohammed Saleem ◽  
Javed Rana ◽  
V. Gayathri ◽  
Aditya Vijaykumar ◽  
Srashti Goyal ◽  

Abstract The global network of gravitational-wave detectors has completed three observing runs with ∼50 detections of merging compact binaries. A third LIGO detector, with comparable astrophysical reach, is to be built in India (LIGO-Aundha) and expected to be operational during the latter part of this decade. Such additions to the network increase the number of baselines and the network SNR of GW events. These enhancements help improve the sky-localization of those events. Multiple detectors simultaneously in operation will also increase the baseline duty factor, thereby, leading to an improvement in the detection rates and, hence, the completeness of surveys. In this paper, we quantify the improvements due to the expansion of the LIGO Global Network (LGN) in the precision with which source properties will be measured. We also present examples of how this expansion will give a boost to tests of fundamental physics.

2021 ◽  
Vol 24 (3) ◽  
pp. 28-45
Ivan P. Ohrymenko ◽  
Nikolai N. Kolchevsky ◽  
Pavel P. Petrov

The general principles of gravitational waves detection are considered in this paper. Current gravitational wave detectors represent modernized Michelson interferometer LIGO-detector. Reduction of vibrations in the system and high stabilization of the reflective mirrors is one of the technical problem of the LIGO. It is proposed to study the features of the LIGO-detector with movable mirrors. The software simulating the operation of the LIGO and providing an opportunity to study its characteristics and capacity is developed and named LIGO-RM. The primary goal of the modelling is to study the signal of the gravitational waves detector with oscillating mirrors. The LIGO-RM contains graphic user interface (GUI) that provides interactive control of mirrors movement nature and monitoring of detector signal change. The software simulates the presence of gravitational wave of a requested type and makes it able to monitor its effect on the operation results of the LIGO interferometer in interactive mode or as a numerical outcome. A range of numerical experiments is conducted and the signals on the detector with and without mirrors oscillations are shown. The results of calculations and a possibility of the registration of the gravitational waves using the LIGO-detector with movable mirrors are discussed.

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