estimation model
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2022 ◽  
Vol 7 ◽  
pp. 100131
Jancy Andrea Huertas-Quintero ◽  
Natalia Losada-Trujillo ◽  
Diego Alberto Cuellar-Ortiz ◽  
Harvy Mauricio Velasco-Parra

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 982
Loiy Al-Ghussain ◽  
Moath Abu Subaih ◽  
Andres Annuk

The estimation of PV production has been widely investigated previously, where many empirical models have been proposed to account for wind and soiling effects for specific locations. However, the performance of these models varies among the investigated sites. Hence, it is vital to assess and evaluate the performance of these models and benchmark them against the common PV estimation model that accounts only for the ambient temperature. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the accuracy and performance of four empirical wind models considering the soiling effect, and compare them to the standard model for a 103 MW PV plant in Jordan. Moreover, the study investigates the effect of cleaning frequency on the annual energy production and the plant’s levelized cost of electricity (LCOE). The results indicate almost identical performance for the adopted models when comparing the actual energy production with R2 and RMSE (root mean square error) ranges of 0.93–0.98 and 0.93–1.56 MWh for both sub-plants, with a slight superiority of the models that incorporate wind effect. Finally, it is recommended in this study to clean the PV panels every two weeks instead of every three months, which would increase annual energy production by 4%, and decrease the LCOE by 5% of the two PV sub-plants.

2022 ◽  
Ali Bahari Malayeri ◽  
Mohammad Bagher Khodabakhshi

Abstract Due to the importance of continuous monitoring of blood pressure (BP) in controlling hypertension, the topic of cuffless blood pressure (BP) estimation has been widely studied in recent years. A most important approach is to explore the nonlinear mapping between the recorded peripheral signals and the BP values which is usually conducted by deep neural networks. Because of the sequence-based pseudo periodic nature of peripheral signals such as photoplethysmogram (PPG), a proper estimation model needed to be equipped with the 1-dimensional (1-D) and recurrent layers. This, in turn, limits the usage of 2-dimensional (2-D) layers adopted in convolutional neural networks (CNN) for embedding spatial information in the model. In this study, considering the advantage of chaotic approaches, the recurrence characterization of peripheral signals was taken into account by a visual 2-D representation of PPG in phase space through fuzzy recurrence plot (FRP). FRP not only provides a beneficial framework for capturing the spatial properties of input signals but also creates a reliable approach for embedding the pseudo periodic properties to the neural models without using recurrent layers. Moreover, this study proposes a novel deep neural network architecture that combines the morphological features extracted simultaneously from two upgraded 1-D and 2-D CNNs capturing the temporal and spatial dependencies of PPGs in systolic and diastolic BP estimation. The model has been fed with the 1-D PPG sequences and the corresponding 2-D FRPs from two separate routes. The performance of the proposed framework was examined on the well-known public dataset, namely, Multi-Parameter Intelligent in Intensive Care II. Our scheme is analyzed and compared with the literature in terms of the requirements of the standards set by the British Hypertension Society (BHS) and the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI). The proposed model met the AAMI requirements, and it achieved a grade of A as stated by the BHS standard. In addition, its mean absolute errors (MAE) and standard deviation for both systolic and diastolic blood pressure estimations were considerably low, 3.05±5.26 mmHg and 1.58±2.6 mmHg, in turn.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 582
Özkan Kahveci ◽  
Caner Gençoğlu ◽  
Tuncay Yalçinkaya

Fiber-optic gyroscopes (FOGs) are common rotation measurement devices in aerospace applications. They have a wide range of diversity in length and in the winding radius of the coil to meet system requirements. Every dimensional parameter in the coil influences the dynamic response of the system, eventually leading to measurement errors. In order to eliminate the errors and to qualify the system, after the design and production stages, a deep and comprehensive testing procedure follows. In this study, the dynamic behavior of a quadrupole wound fiber-optic coil is investigated. First, pre-wound fiber-optic coils are tested with an impact modal test, where the mode shapes and natural frequencies are determined with structural data acquisition. For the modal analysis, a finite element (FE) model is developed where a representative volume element (RVE) analysis is also included to properly consider the influence of the microstructure. The experimental and numerical results are compared and validated. Moreover, an estimation model is proposed for a type of coil with different fiber lengths. Finally, the estimated coil set is produced and tested employing the same methodology in order to illustrate the capacity of the developed framework.

2022 ◽  
pp. 9-18
Luca Lonini ◽  
Yaejin Moon ◽  
Kyle Embry ◽  
R. James Cotton ◽  
Kelly McKenzie ◽  

Recent advancements in deep learning have produced significant progress in markerless human pose estimation, making it possible to estimate human kinematics from single camera videos without the need for reflective markers and specialized labs equipped with motion capture systems. Such algorithms have the potential to enable the quantification of clinical metrics from videos recorded with a handheld camera. Here we used DeepLabCut, an open-source framework for markerless pose estimation, to fine-tune a deep network to track 5 body keypoints (hip, knee, ankle, heel, and toe) in 82 below-waist videos of 8 patients with stroke performing overground walking during clinical assessments. We trained the pose estimation model by labeling the keypoints in 2 frames per video and then trained a convolutional neural network to estimate 5 clinically relevant gait parameters (cadence, double support time, swing time, stance time, and walking speed) from the trajectory of these keypoints. These results were then compared to those obtained from a clinical system for gait analysis (GAITRite®, CIR Systems). Absolute accuracy (mean error) and precision (standard deviation of error) for swing, stance, and double support time were within 0.04 ± 0.11 s; Pearson’s correlation with the reference system was moderate for swing times (<i>r</i> = 0.4–0.66), but stronger for stance and double support time (<i>r</i> = 0.93–0.95). Cadence mean error was −0.25 steps/min ± 3.9 steps/min (<i>r</i> = 0.97), while walking speed mean error was −0.02 ± 0.11 m/s (<i>r</i> = 0.92). These preliminary results suggest that single camera videos and pose estimation models based on deep networks could be used to quantify clinically relevant gait metrics in individuals poststroke, even while using assistive devices in uncontrolled environments. Such development opens the door to applications for gait analysis both inside and outside of clinical settings, without the need of sophisticated equipment.

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