The house mouse, Mus musculus domesticus, creates significant public health risks for residents in low-income multi-family dwellings (MFDs). This study was designed to evaluate the spatial distribution of house mice in MFDs. Four low-income high-rise apartment buildings in three cities in New Jersey were selected for building-wide monitoring on two occasions with approximately one year between the monitoring events. The presence of a house mouse infestation was determined by placing mouse bait stations with three different non-toxic baits for a one-week period in all accessible units as well as common areas. Permutation tests were conducted to evaluate house mouse infestation spatial patterns. All four analyzed buildings exhibited a significant correlation between apartments with house mouse infestations and whether they share a common wall or ceiling/floor at both sampling periods except one building during the second inspection, which contained a high number of isolated apartments. Foraging ranges, speed of locomotion, and dispersal behavior of house mice are relatively larger, faster, and more common, respectively, compared to common urban arthropod pests. This could lead to the conclusion that house mice are as likely to infest non-neighboring apartments as those that share a wall or floor/ceiling. However, these results demonstrate that house mouse infestations tend to occur among apartments that share common walls or ceilings/floors. This spatial distribution pattern can be utilized in rodent management plans to improve the efficiency of house mouse management programs in MFDs.
Abstract Distribution pattern and relative abundance of the agricultural rodent pests of rain-fed and irrigated areas of district Swat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan were recorded from April 2011 to November 2013 using wire mesh live traps. A total of 350 rodents (269 Rattus rattus and 81 Mus musculus) were captured under 2268 trap nights (trap success: 0.15). Regression of daily captures on cumulative captures revealed an estimate of 350 rodents from all the sampled structures with an average of 21.8 rodents per crop field. House rats (R. rattus; 76.8% of captures) were numerically dominant in almost all types of agricultural fields, and were significantly different from the mice (Mus musculus; 23.1% of captures). Both species were found together in some fields. The sex ratio revealed that males outnumbered the females in both of the reported species.
The present study was conducted as an attempt to treat secondary hydatid disease in white mice strain Balb/c by immunohistoflourescent (IHF) staining technique. For this purpose, the mice were infected with hydatid cysts and treatment was done by oxfendazole (OFZ) at a concentration of 30 mg/kg, praziquantel (PZQ) at a concentration of 40 mg/kg and albendazole (ABZ) at a concentration of 10 mg/kg of body weight. Each drug was given weekly for four months and the same concentrations as above. The results showed that the highest treatment efficiency was in case of OFZ + PZQ treated mice, while the groups treated with OFZ, OFZ + ABZ and ABZ + PZQ showed less treatment efficiency, respectively. The IHF staining technique was used to determine the cytokinesis of TGF-β3 in the spleen and liver of experimental mice. For this reason, OFZ is considered as one of the most promising chemotherapies used in the treatment of hydatid cysts.