digital image correlation method
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2022 ◽  
Vol 317 ◽  
pp. 125945
Cristina Mayo-Corrochano ◽  
Luis Javier Sánchez-Aparicio ◽  
José-Ramón Aira ◽  
David Sanz-Arauz ◽  
Esther Moreno ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 185
Hui Qian ◽  
Yimeng Wu ◽  
Rui Zhu ◽  
Dahai Zhang ◽  
Dong Jiang

Traditional modal testing has difficult accurately identifying the ultralow-frequency modes of flexible structures. Ultralow-frequency excitation and vibration signal acquisition are two main obstacles. Aiming at ultralow-frequency modal identification of flexible structures, a modal testing method based on Digital Image Correlation method and Eigensystem Realization Algorithm is proposed. Considering impulse and shaker excitation are difficult to make generate ultralow-frequency vibration of structures, the initial displacement is applied to the structure for excitation. The ultralow-frequency accelerometer always has a large mass, which will change the dynamics performance of the flexible structure, so a structural vibration response was obtained through the Digital Image Correlation method. After collecting the free-decay vibration signal, the ultralow-frequency mode of the structure was identified by using the Eigensystem Realization Algorithm. Ground modal tests were conducted to verify the proposed method. Firstly, a solar wing structure was adopted, from which it was concluded that the signal acquisition using Digital Image Correlation method had high feasibility and accuracy. Secondly, an ultralow-frequency flexible cantilever beam structure which had the theoretical solution was employed to verify the proposed method and the theoretical fundamental frequency of the structure was 0.185 Hz. Results show that the Digital Image Correlation method can effectively measure the response signal of the ultralow-frequency flexible structure, and obtain the dynamics characteristics.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (23) ◽  
pp. 7353
Chunju Wang ◽  
Weiwei Zhang ◽  
Zhenwu Ma

The increasing demand for parts with a large specific surface area such as fuel panels has put forward higher requirements for the plasticity of foils. However, the deformation characteristics of foils is hard to be illustrated in-depth due to their very short deformation process. In this paper, the digital image correlation method was applied to investigate the influence of size effect on the elongation of Ti-2.5Al-1.5Mn foils. The results showed that the elongation of Ti-2.5Al-1.5Mn foils increased with the decrease in the ratio of thickness-to-grain diameter (t/d value). Then, the macro deformation distribution of foils was analyzed, combined with their microstructure characteristics, and it was found that the increasing influence of individual grain heterogeneity leads to the earlier formation of a concentrated deformation zone, which changes the deformation mode of foils. The concentrated deformation increases with the decrease in t/d value, thus dominating the trend of the foil elongation. Furthermore, the homogeneous deformation and concentrated deformation can be divided into two different zones by a certain critical t/d value. These results provide a basis for understanding and further exploration of the deformation behavior of titanium foils.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2083 (4) ◽  
pp. 042016
Jiawen Wang ◽  
Jingqi Liang ◽  
Rui Wang ◽  
Xiaobin Qi

Abstract Based on the proper improvement and development of the basic principle of digital image correlation method, a 3D-DIC measurement system is built. Its measurement principle and application process can be divided into four steps: camera calibration, image acquisition, image matching and three-dimensional reconstruction. The measurement system can realize non-contact and full-field measurement and has the advantages of not being affected by the test environment, not imposing additional mass on the test model, and high signal-to-noise ratio of the measured data. Taking the elastic plate model as an example, the accuracy and reliability of the measurement system in the measurement of static and dynamic displacement response are verified by using the measurement results of laser displacement meter as a reference. In addition, the tensile strain of the projectile aluminum alloy tail model and the ground mode of the elastic plate are tested to further verify the practicability of the test system.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2091 (1) ◽  
pp. 012043
M O Sharikova ◽  
A Yu Poroykov ◽  
A Yu Marchenkov

Abstract One of the main factors contributing to accidents in railway transport are fatigue fractures of rails, wheel axles and other critical parts of the rolling stock. Despite the widespread use of various physical control methods (eddy current, ultrasonic, magnetic), the causes of accidents are, as a rule, missing defects in the structural elements of the car bogie. The paper considers the application of the digital image correlation method to measure the spatial distribution of deformations. The results of laboratory tests of railway parts using this method are presented. The possibility of visualizing fatigue cracks in the test specimens is demonstrated. The results can be in demand both by scientific research organizations of the railway industry when solving expert problems, and by production and repair enterprises when carrying out regular diagnostic procedures.

Coatings ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (8) ◽  
pp. 924
Terry Yuan-Fang Chen ◽  
Nhat Minh Dang ◽  
Zhao-Ying Wang ◽  
Liang-Wei Chang ◽  
Wei-Yu Ku ◽  

Traditionally, strain gauge, extensometer, and reflection tracking markers have been used to measure the deformation of materials under loading. However, the anisotropy and inhomogeneity of most biological materials restricted the accessibility of the real strain field. Compared to the video extensometer, digital image correlation has the advantage of providing full-field displacement as well as strain information. In this study, a digital image correlation method (DIC) measurement system was employed for chicken breast bio-tissue deformation measurement. To increase the contrast for better correlation, a mixture of ground black pepper and white sesame was sprayed on the surface of samples. The first step was to correct the distorted image caused by the lens using the inverse distorted calibration method and then the influence of subset size and correlation criteria, sum of squared differences (SSD), and zero-normalized sum of squared differences (ZNSSD) were investigated experimentally for accurate measurement. Test results of the sample was translated along the horizontal direction from 0 mm to 3 mm, with an increment of 0.1 mm and the measurement result was compared, and the displacement set on the translation stage. The result shows that the error is less than 3%, and accurate measurement can be achieved with proper surface preparation, subset size, correlation criterion, and image correction. Detailed examination of the strain values show that the strain εx is proportional to the displacement of crosshead, but the strain εy indicates the viscoelastic behavior of tested bio-tissue. In addition, the tested bio-tissue’s linear birefringence extracted by a Mueller matrix polarimetry is for comparison and is in good agreement. As noted above, the integration of the optical parameter measurement system and the digital image correlation method is proposed in this paper to analyze the relationship between the strain changes and optical parameters of biological tissue, and thus the relative optic-stress coefficient can be significantly characterized if Young's modulus of biological tissue is known.

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