maximum principle
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Nonlinearity ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 35 (2) ◽  
pp. 870-888
Nicola De Nitti ◽  
Francis Hounkpe ◽  
Simon Schulz

Abstract We establish new Liouville-type theorems for the two-dimensional stationary magneto-hydrodynamic incompressible system assuming that the velocity and magnetic field have bounded Dirichlet integral. The key tool in our proof is observing that the stream function associated to the magnetic field satisfies a simple drift–diffusion equation for which a maximum principle is available.

Liu Yang ◽  
Da Song ◽  
Meng Fan ◽  
Lu Gao

H7N9 avian influenza is a highly pathogenic zoonotic disease. In order to control the disease, many strategies have been adopted in China such as poultry culling, the closure of live poultry markets (LPMs), the vaccination of poultry, and the treatment for humans. Due to the limited resource, it is of paramount significance to achieve the optimal control. In this paper, an epidemic model incorporating the selective culling rate is formulated to investigate the transmission mechanism of H7N9. The threshold dynamics and bifurcation analyses of the model are well investigated. Furthermore, the problem of optimal control is explored in line with Pontryagin’s Maximum Principle, with consideration given to the comprehensive measures. The numerical simulations suggest that the vaccination of poultry and the closure of LPMs are the two most economical and effective measures.

Diego Alonso-Orán ◽  
Fernando Chamizo ◽  
Ángel D. Martínez ◽  
Albert Mas

AbstractIn this paper we present an elementary proof of a pointwise radial monotonicity property of heat kernels that is shared by the Euclidean spaces, spheres and hyperbolic spaces. The main result was discovered by Cheeger and Yau in 1981 and rediscovered in special cases during the last few years. It deals with the monotonicity of the heat kernel from special points on revolution hypersurfaces. Our proof hinges on a non straightforward but elementary application of the parabolic maximum principle. As a consequence of the monotonicity property, we derive new inequalities involving classical special functions.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (12(62)) ◽  
pp. 51-55
Cherif Abdelillah Otmane

We present a sample application covering several cases using an extension of the Pontryagin Minimum Principle (PMP) [3]. We are interested in the management of tumor angiogenesis, that is, the therapeutic management of the proliferation of cancer cells that develop new blood vessels. Let us formulate the problem and derive the optimal control and apply the Pontryagin maximum principle to our optimal trajectory, and we derive the theorem and check it with an example. Then we will study stabilization.

2021 ◽  
Vol 20 ◽  
pp. 362-371
Alexander Zemliak

The minimization of the processor time of designing can be formulated as a problem of time minimization for transitional process of dynamic system. A special control vector that changes the internal structure of the equations of optimization procedure serves as a principal tool for searching the best strategies with the minimal CPU time. In this case a well-known maximum principle of Pontryagin is the best theoretical approach for finding of the optimum structure of control vector. Practical approach for realization of the maximum principle is based on the analysis of behavior of a Hamiltonian for various strategies of optimization. The possibility of applying the maximum principle to the problem of optimization of electronic circuits is analyzed. It is shown that in spite of the fact that the problem of optimization is formulated as a nonlinear task, and the maximum principle in this case isn't a sufficient condition for obtaining a minimum of the functional, it is possible to obtain the decision in the form of local minima. The relative acceleration of the CPU time for the best strategy found by means of maximum principle compared with the traditional approach is equal two to three orders of magnitude.

2021 ◽  
Vol 53 (3) ◽  
pp. 380-394
Nur Ilmayasinta ◽  
Heri Purnawan

This paper presents a dynamic model of smoking with optimal control. The mathematical model is divided into 5 sub-classes, namely, non-smokers, occasional smokers, active smokers, individuals who have temporarily stopped smoking, and individuals who have stopped smoking permanently. Four optimal controls, i.e., anti-smoking education campaign, anti-smoking gum, anti-nicotine drug, and government prohibition of smoking in public spaces are considered in the model. The existence of the controls is also presented. The Pontryagin maximum principle (PMP) was used to solve the optimal control problem. The fourth-order Runge-Kutta was employed to gain the numerical solutions.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 (1) ◽  
Monirul Islam ◽  
Syed Shakaib Irfan

AbstractThis is the first paper dealing with the study of minimum and maximum principle sufficiency properties for nonsmooth variational inequalities by using gap functions in the setting of Hadamard manifolds. We also provide some characterizations of these two sufficiency properties. We conclude the paper with a discussion of the error bounds for nonsmooth variational inequalities in the setting of Hadamard manifolds.

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