perioperative management
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2022 ◽  
Vol 77 ◽  
pp. 102157
Gezy Giwangkancana ◽  
Elizeus Hanindito ◽  
Emiliana Lia ◽  
Harry Galuh Nugraha ◽  
Tatang Bisri

Gustavo F C Fagundes ◽  
Madson Q Almeida

Abstract Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors arising from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla or extra-adrenal paraganglia, respectively. PPGLs have the highest degree of heritability among endocrine tumors. Currently, ~40% of PPGL individuals have a genetic germline and there exist at least 12 different genetic syndromes related to these tumors. Metastatic PPGLs are defined by the presence of distant metastases at sites where chromaffin cells are physiologically absent. Approximately 10% of pheochromocytomas and ~40% of sympathetic paragangliomas are linked to metastases explaining why complete surgical resection is the first-choice treatment for all PPGL patients. The surgical approach is a high-risk procedure requiring perioperative management by a specialized multidisciplinary team in centers with broad expertise. In this review, we summarize and discuss the most relevant aspects of perioperative management in patients with pheochromocytomas and sympathetic paragangliomas.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Changgang Wang ◽  
Haoran Feng ◽  
Xiaoning Zhu ◽  
Zijia Song ◽  
You Li ◽  

BackgroundRecently, enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been widely used in the perioperative management of colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of ERAS combined with single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) in CRC surgery.MethodsThis was a retrospective study of patients with CRC who underwent surgery between April 2018 and April 2020 in Ruijin Hospital(North), Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine. The patients were divided into three groups: group A (n=138), patients who underwent traditional multiport laparoscopic colectomy with conventional perioperative management; group B (n=63), patients who underwent SILS; and group C (n=51), patients who underwent SILS with ERAS.ResultsOverall, 252 participants were included in the retrospective study. The median operation time (min) in group B and group C was shorter than that in group A (group A 134.0 ± 42.5; group B 117 ± 38.9; group C 111.7 ± 35.4, p=0.004). The estimated surgical blood loss (ml) was lower in groups B and C than in group A (group A 165.1 ± 142.2; group B 122.0 ± 79.4; group C 105.2 ± 55.8, p=0.011). The length of surgical incision (cm) was shorter in groups B and C than in group A (group A 7.34 ± 1.05; group B 5.60 ± 0.80; group C 5.28 ± 0.52, p<0.001). The time before first flatus (hours) in group C was shorter than in groups A and B (group A 61.85 ± 21.14; group B 58.30 ± 20.08; group C 42.06 ± 23.72; p<0.001). The days prior to the administration of free oral fluids in group C was shorter than in groups A and B (group A 4.79 ± 1.28; group B 4.67 ± 1.11; group C 2.62 ± 0.64; p<0.001). The days of prior solid diet was less in group C than in groups A and B (group A 7.22 ± 3.87; group B 7.08 ± 3.18; group C 5.75 ± 1.70; p=0.027). The postoperative length of stay (LOS) was less in group C compared with that in groups A and B (group A 9.46 ± 4.84 days; group B 9.52 ± 7.45 days; group C 7.20 ± 2.37 days; p=0.023). The visual analog scale (VAS) scores on day 0, 1, and 2 in groups B and C were lower than those in group A (day 0, p<0.001; day 1, p<0.001; day 2, p=0.002), while the VAS score on day 3 showed no differences in the three groups (group A 1.29 ± 1.38; group B 0.98 ± 1.24; group C 0.75 ± 0.64, p=0.018).ConclusionThe findings suggest that SILS combined with ERAS may be a feasible and safe procedure for CRC surgery because it provides favorable cosmetic results, early dietary resumption, shorter hospital stays, and appropriate control of postoperative pain without increases in complications or readmission rates compared to conventional perioperative care with SILS or conventional laparoscopic surgery(CLS) of CRC. Further prospective randomized controlled studies are needed to enhance evidence-based medical evidence.

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 01-03
Ahmed Ayman Habis ◽  
Gavin CA Wood

Case: Eighty-three years old female patient who sustained a simultaneous bilateral hip fractures after a mechanical fall. The bilateral nature of the problem was not appreciated by the emergency team and was found after the orthopedic consultation. The patient underwent a single stage bilateral cemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty without perioperative complications. Conclusion: Simultaneous bilateral hip fractures in elderly are not commonly encountered after a low energy mechanism but early recognition of this diagnosis is important to optimize perioperative management. Having bilateral cemented stems did not lead to any significant cardiopulmonary complications as can often be concerned with so called cement syndrome.

2022 ◽  
pp. 206-224
Tulio E. Bertorini ◽  
Jonathan Daniel Finder ◽  
Bassam A. Bassam

2022 ◽  
pp. 181-190
Nathan H. Waldron ◽  
Martin I. Sigurdsson ◽  
Joseph P. Mathew

2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
pp. 0
GirijaPrasad Rath ◽  
BhagyaRanjan Jena ◽  
RajeebKumar Mishra ◽  
SuryaKumar Dube ◽  
Vishwas Malik ◽  

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