Slump Test
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Author(s):  
Kiran M.Mane ◽  
◽  
S.P. Chavan ◽  
S.A. Salokhe ◽  
P.A. Nadgouda ◽  
...  

Large amounts of natural fine aggregate (NFA) and cement are used in building, which has major environmental consequences. This view of industrial waste can be used in part as an alternative to cement and part of the sand produced by the crusher as fine aggregate, similar to slag sand (GGBFS), fly ash, metacaolin, and silica fume. Many times, there are issues with the fresh characteristics of concrete when using alternative materials. The ANN tool is used in this paper to develop a Matlab software model that collapses concrete made with pozzolanic material and partially replaces natural fine aggregate (NFA) with manufactured sand (MS). Predict. The slump test was carried out in reference with I.S11991959, and the findings were used to create the artificial neural network (ANN) model. To mimic the formation, a total of 131 outcome values are employed, with 20% being used for model testing and 80% being used for model training. 25 enter the material properties to determine the concrete slump achieved by partially substituting pozzolan for cement and artificial sand (MS) for natural fine aggregate (NFA). According to studies, the workability of concrete is critically harmed as the amount of artificial sand replacing natural sand grows. The ANN model's results are extremely accurate, and they can forecast the slump of concrete prepared by partly substituting natural fine aggregate (NFA) and artificial sand (MS) with pozzolan.


Author(s):  
Mohammed Taher Abdul Rahman Al-Haidari

This research included an applied study for the design of concrete mixtures by following the method of the American Concrete Institute (ACl) and the method of the Building Research Center in England (British method) to restriction which of these two methods is more suitable for use and application in the design of concrete mixtures when using local aggregate (gravel and sand taken from the area Badush and Aski Mosul), where job mixes were made using the mixing ratios obtained from these two methods, and a comparative study was made for the properties concrete resulting in the soft state (workability )and the hardened state (compressive resistance), and the results proved the following: A- In general, when discussing the results according to mixing ratios and workability levels, the method of the Building Research Center in England (the British method) gave higher results than the results obtained by the American Concrete Institute method (the American method) when using the above local aggregate whereas results shown increase in (workability) and Compressive strength. This increase amounts to the percentages shown in the table below: Compressive strength (%) Slump test (%) workability 10.48 14.40 Precipitation = 10-8 cm 12.10 21.40 Precipitation = 18-15 cm Table (1-1) B- It is possible to make another comparison, when fixing the proportion of water/cement, it turns out that the method of the Building Research Center in England (the British method) gives higher workability than the method of the American Concrete Institute (the American method) and for the same proportion of cement/ water, the American method gives Higher compressive strength than the British method. C- The building research center method is a more practical and applicable method more than the American Concrete Institute method because it takes the type of cement, the type of aggregate and other properties of the aggregate (especially particle shape) into consideration


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 107-112
Author(s):  
H. Kemer ◽  
R. Bouras ◽  
M. Sonebi ◽  
N. Mesboua ◽  
A. Benmounah

Abstract In order to decrease the fitting deviation between rheometrical measurements and empirical parameters using slump test, this paper proposes a new analytical method to evaluate the high yield stress of materials (cement pastes).In doing so, an experimental study was performed for measuring the empirical characteristics by cylindrical mold with different water to binder ratios (w/b) by aiming to increase the yield stress. Parallelly, experimental observations showed clearly the unyielded zone at flow stoppage of high yield stress samples. Based on these results, an idea was formed to applied metallic element at inlet of mold in order to push the spreading of paste. The obtained results of the model proposed in this paper were compared with the yield stress evaluated from shear flow curves using AR2000-rheometer with plate-plate geometry at rate-controlled. In fact, this study demonstrates the applicability and novelty of the present model in the process of relating the empirical parameters to yield stress.


Kilat ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 301-308
Author(s):  
Muhammad Sofyan
Keyword(s):  

Eksploitasi plastik menyebabkan penumpukan limbah plastik semakin meningkat. Penggunaan limbah plastik pada beton dapat berkontribusi pada pengurangan limbah plastik di dunia. Dalam penelitian plastik polypropylene dimanfaatkan sebagai subtitusi parsial agregat halus. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa beberapa property fisis dan mekanis beton yang menggunakan limbah palstik sebagai subtitusi agregat halus. kuat tekan , workability dan berat volume menjadi variable utama yang akan diukur. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pemakaian Plastik polypropylene sebagai pengganti agregat halus 10%, 20%, 30%, dan 40%, menghasilkan slump test sebesar 8,1 cm, 8,4 cm, 8,6 cm, dan 8,8 cm, dianggap masih memenuhi standar nasional indonesia. Hasil dari berat volume beton didapatkan sebesar 2211.46 kg/m3, 2138.21 kg/m3, 2105.73 kg/m3, dan 2021.65 kg/m3. Hasil Untuk kuat tekan pada 7 Hari didapatkan sebesar 9.12 MPa, 8.704 MPa, 8.5 MPa, dan 7.85 MPa.  


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Andi Sulfanita ◽  
Gufran Darma Dirawan ◽  
Muhammad Ichsan Ali

This study described the effect of using salak seed waste as a substitute for coarse aggregate. The percentage of salak seed in concrete mixture became experimental variable to discover the best compressive strength of concrete. Quantitative study with experimental study was carried out at the Laboratory of Materials and Concrete, Faculty of Engineering, University. The design of experiment used a designed compressive strength of concrete of 20 Mpa. The experiment consisted of five variations in the percentage of salak seeds, namely 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%. The slump test is carried out immediately after mixing the concrete in each proportion. Furthermore, 20 pieces of cylindrical concrete samples in each treatment were tested for 7,14,21 and 28 days. This method aims to compare the strength of each of the resulting concrete compositions. The results obtained showed that the use of salak seeds with a percentage of 5% and 10% gave a compressive strength value of 28 days which met the standard compressive strength of the design female. Meanwhile, the percentage of salak seeds 15% and 20% did not produce the planned compressive strength value. Therefore, salak seeds are suitable to be used as a substitute for coarse aggregate with a percentage of less than 10%. The higher the substitution of the mixture in the salak seed concrete, the lower the compressive strength of the concrete. The results of this study can be developed in green concrete studies that use waste.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 41-46
Author(s):  
Husnah ◽  
Razy Almagany

Penggunaan bahan tambah pada beton merupakan suatu inovasi yang dapat berkembang sesuai kebutuhan dalam penggunaan beton pada pekerjaan kontruksi. Penggunaan bahan tambah ditujukan untuk mengubah ataupun memperbaiki sifat beton agar sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan pekerjaan tertentu seperti mempercepat dan memperlambat pengikatan dan mempermudah pekerjaan (workability). Untuk mengatasi permasalahan dilapangan jarak tempuh yang jauh yang mampu memperlambat waktu ikat semen dapat digunakan Jenis bahan tambah yang digunakan bersifat kimiawi (chemical admixture), dalam hal ini bahan tambah (admixture) MasterSure® 1007 Tipe G, yang mana kandungan Retarder lebih dominan daripada Superplasticiser. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan MasterSure® 1007 dalam campuran beton terhadap nilai slump dan waktu ikat beton. Metode penelitian yang digunakan merupakan metode eksperimental, dengan cara membuat benda uji (sampel). Benda uji yang menggunakan bahan tambah MasterSure® 1007 sebesar 0,8%, 0,9%, 1%, 1,1%, 1,2%, 1,3% dan 1,4% dari berat semen sesuai dengan Job Mix Design. Pengujian pada penelitian adalah penggujian Slump Test dan Penetration Test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada variasi penambahan  MasterSure 1007 dari dosis terkecil yaitu 0,8% sampai dosis terbesar yaitu 1,4% rata-rata mempunyai nilai slump optimum pada umur 3 jam pengecoran. Pada umur 4 jam pengecoran dapat dilihat bahwa semua variasi mengalami penurunan slump dikarenakan reaksi retarder pada zat additif MasterSure 1007 sudah mulai habis. Hal ini menyebabkan zat additif MasterSure 1007 yang memiliki kandungan superplasticizer mulai bekerja sehingga mempercepat hidrasi semen pada beton. Hasil penetrasi test didapatkan pada variasi Beton normal, 0,8%, sampai 1,4% masing-masing yaitu waktu pengikatan awal dari 75menit;150 lbs/in2, 360menit;120lbs/in2, 360 menit;170lbs/in2, 420menit;160lbs/in2, 540menit;120lbs/in2,720 menit;120lbs/in2 dan pengikatan akhir dan pengikatan akhir masing-masing 150 menit; 700lbs/in2, 540 menit; 700lbs/in2, 600 menit; 700lbs/in2, 720 menit; 700lbs/in2, 840 menit;700;bs/in2,1080 menit ; 700lbs/in2


2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. 41-44
Author(s):  
Mohammed Al-Sharaa ◽  
Salwan Akram Salo ◽  
Ako Faiq Kareem ◽  
Mohammed Sh. Al-Edanni

Background: The clinical examination is one of the best suitable methods for diagnosis of low backache. Backache is one disease that the signs, clinical examination finding, and the results on imaging modalities not always related. The straight leg raising (SLR) and slump tests, can be used for diagnosis of lumber disc herniation. Objectives: To compare the result of the slump test and SLR test in the diagnosis of lumber disc herniation. Subjects and Methods: A prospective comparative study conducts on 280 patients in Al-Kindy teaching and private clinics complaints of backache, aging between 18-70 years old with acute or recurrent backache, sciatica pain, or low back and sciatica pain for last 12 weeks, while patients with spinal surgery, sacroiliac joints pain, cervical dysfunction and hip and knee pathology, and chronic illness were excluded. MRI of the lumbar region was done and clinically examine first by SLR test then Slump test on the next days by separated author. All the record collected patient’s data are interpreted with the MRI finding by the third doctor.    Results: The Slump test is significant than the SLR in the patients with disc herniation at L4-L5 and (L4-5 &L5S1) 93.1% versus 70%, while for L5S1 level no significant in both tests. Leg pain present in 74.1 %, low back and leg pain in 21.5%, and only 4.4% present with low back only. Conclusion: The Slump test is more sensitive than the SLR test in diagnosis of lumber disc herniation.


Author(s):  
Douglas De Souza Barbosa ◽  
Ricardo Briam Araújo Nogueria ◽  
Maria José de Souza Serafim
Keyword(s):  

A busca por alternativas que visam a redução dos impactos ambientais causados pelo descarte inadequado dos resíduos de construção e demolição vem ganhando maior destaque dentro das empresas e instituições acadêmicas ligadas à construção civil. Uma das alternativas estudadas, trata-se do uso do agregado reciclado na produção de argamassa e concreto. Buscando avaliar a utilização de resíduos de construção e demolição como agregado reciclado, a presente pesquisa teve como objetivo analisar o comportamento físico e mecânico do concreto não estrutural e da argamassa produzidos com agregados reciclados. Para argamassa foram desenvolvidos 2 traços: traço de referência (sem substituição) e traço com 100% de substituição do agregado miúdo por agregado reciclado. Para o concreto não estrutural foram desenvolvidos 3 traços: traço de referência (sem substituição); com 100% de substituição do agregado miúdo por material reciclado e com substituição de 100% de agregado miúdo e agregado graúdo por material reciclado. Foram moldados 12 corpos de provas cilíndricos, com 100 mm de diâmetro e 200 mm de altura, para todos os traços de concreto e 9 corpos de prova prismáticos, para cada um dos traços de argamassa. A partir da revisão da literatura e dos ensaios laboratoriais, foram realizados os ensaios de: caracterização dos materiais; do concreto: desempenho mecânico (resistências à compressão, à tração por compressão diametral); Desempenho físico (consistência de abatimento do tronco cônico - slump test e absorção de água por imersão, índice de vazios e massa específica); e da argamassa: desempenho mecânico (resistências à compressão e à tração na flexão); desempenho físico (índice de consistência, densidade de massa e teor de ar incorporado) seguindo todas as normas vigentes. Diante dos resultados alcançados, o concreto confeccionado com substituição total dos agregados naturais por agregados reciclados, apresentou resultados satisfatórios, destacando-se para a resistência a compressão, 27% maior que a obtida pelo concreto referência. Entre as argamassas, a confeccionada com agregado miúdo reciclado, obteve uma resistência a compressão, na idade de 28 dias, 20,3 % maior em comparação a argamassa confeccionada com agregado miúdo natural.


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