waste heat recovery
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Energy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 244 ◽  
pp. 123126
Ligeng Li ◽  
Hua Tian ◽  
Lingfeng Shi ◽  
Yonghao Zhang ◽  
Guangdai Huang ◽  

10.1142/12588 ◽  
2022 ◽  
Chirla Chandra Sekhara Reddy ◽  
Gade Pandu Rangaiah

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Zhonglin Bu ◽  
Xinyue Zhang ◽  
Yixin Hu ◽  
Zhiwei Chen ◽  
Siqi Lin ◽  

AbstractLow-grade heat accounts for >50% of the total dissipated heat sources in industries. An efficient recovery of low-grade heat into useful electricity not only reduces the consumption of fossil-fuels but also releases the subsequential environmental-crisis. Thermoelectricity offers an ideal solution, yet low-temperature efficient materials have continuously been limited to Bi2Te3-alloys since the discovery in 1950s. Scarcity of tellurium and the strong property anisotropy cause high-cost in both raw-materials and synthesis/processing. Here we demonstrate cheap polycrystalline antimonides for even more efficient thermoelectric waste-heat recovery within 600 K than conventional tellurides. This is enabled by a design of Ni/Fe/Mg3SbBi and Ni/Sb/CdSb contacts for both a prevention of chemical diffusion and a low interfacial resistivity, realizing a record and stable module efficiency at a temperature difference of 270 K. In addition, the raw-material cost  to the output power ratio in this work is reduced to be only 1/15 of that of conventional Bi2Te3-modules.

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 384
Paul Christodoulides ◽  
Rafaela Agathokleous ◽  
Lazaros Aresti ◽  
Soteris A. Kalogirou ◽  
Savvas A. Tassou ◽  

Industrial processes are characterized by energy losses, such as heat streams rejected to the environment in the form of exhaust gases or effluents occurring at different temperature levels. Hence, waste heat recovery (WHR) has been a challenge for industries, as it can lead to energy savings, higher energy efficiency, and sustainability. As a consequence, WHR methods and technologies have been used extensively in the European Union (EU) (and worldwide for that matter). The current paper revisits and reviews conventional WHR technologies, their use in all types of industry, and their limitations. Special attention is given to alternative “new” technologies, which are discussed for parameters such as projected energy and cost savings. Finally, an extended review of case studies regarding applications of WHR technologies is presented. The information presented here can also be used to determine target energy performance, as well as capital and installation costs, for increasing the attractiveness of WHR technologies, leading to the widespread adoption by industry.

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