The wide utilization of solar energy is beneficial for the emission reduction of carbon dioxide. This paper proposes a novel power cycle system driven by solar energy, which consists of a recompression supercritical carbon dioxide cycle (RSCO2) and an ammonia-water cooling-power cycle (ACPC). The power system operates in a “self-production and self-sale” mode, which means that the refrigeration capacity produced by the ACPC is utilized to cool the main compressor inlet fluid of the RSCO2. The comprehensive energy and exergy analyses of the proposed novel system are presented. The effects of the six parameters on the system thermodynamic performance are evaluated, which are direct normal irradiation, the ammonia concentration of a basic solution, the pinch point temperature difference of an evaporator, the effectiveness of a recuperator, the pressure ratio of the RSCO2 and the molten salt outlet temperature. The results show that compared with the stand-alone RSCO2, the net power and energy efficiency of the proposed system are improved by 15.94 and 10.61%, respectively. In addition, the increasing ammonia concentration of the basic solution leads to the rise of the ACPC refrigeration output, and the inlet temperature of the main compressor can be declined to 32.97°C with the ammonia concentration of the basic solution of 0.88. Moreover, when the effectiveness of the recuperator in RSCO2 rises up to 0.98, the system energy and exergy efficiencies can reach their maximum value of 30.68 and 33.10%, respectively.
In the field of desalination powered by renewable energies, the use of solar power cycles exhibits some favorable characteristics, such as the possibility of implementing thermal energy storage systems or a multi-generation scheme (e.g., electricity, water, cooling, hydrogen). This article presents a review of the latest design proposals in which two power cycles of great potential are considered: the organic Rankine cycle and the supercritical CO2 power cycle, the latter of growing interest in recent years. The designs found in the literature are grouped into three main types of systems. In the case of solar ORC-based systems, the option of reverse osmosis as a desalination technology is considered in medium-temperature solar systems with storage but also with low-temperature using solar ponds. In the first case, it is also common to incorporate single-effect absorption systems for cooling production. The use of thermal desalination processes is also found in many proposals based on solar ORC. In this case, the usual configuration implies the cycle’s cooling by the own desalination process. This option is also common in systems based on the supercritical CO2 power cycle where MED technology is usually selected. Designs proposals are reviewed and assessed to point out design recommendations.
This paper considers the main CO2 power cycle configurations based on the Allam and JIHT cycles. In particular, the authors of the article have proposed new configurations of the power cycle. The efficiency of these cycles is studied as a function of the initial temperature and pressure of the working fluid. The thermodynamic efficiency can reach 65–66%. It is shown that the presence of regenerative heat transfer and the properties of supercritical carbon dioxide have a great influence on the thermal efficiency.
A thermodynamic analysis of a hybrid gas turbine solar plant, represented in three basic subsystems related to the power cycle, the combustion chamber subsystem, and the solar concentrator subsystem, allows evaluating the performance of a hybrid cycle from a reduced number of parameters, which include energy losses in each of its components. The solar radiation values are estimated with an evaluated and validated theoretical model, the combustion chamber uses natural gas as fuel and the numerical values of the system are taken from the Solugas experimental plant in Spain. This work presents an integrated model that allows to estimate the operation of a hybrid solar Brayton power plant in any place and day of the year. The evaluation of the plant in Barranquilla, Colombia is shown from the influence of the regenerator has on the plant performance and solar concentrating system. The results show that the regenerator can increase the overall efficiency of the plant by 29% and allows reaching a maximum temperature of the central receiver of the concentrator of 1044 K at noon, when solar radiation is maximum.