overactive bladder
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Qi-Xiang Song ◽  
Jiayi Li ◽  
Yiyuan Gu ◽  
Lei Xu ◽  
Paul Abrams ◽  

ObjectiveOur current knowledge on nocturnal enuresis (NE) in adults is scarce due to its uncommon nature. The present study was designed to investigate symptom characteristics and risk factors of NE in adult women to improve the current clinical understanding and management of this rare disease.MethodsOver a 3-year period, we enrolled 70 adult women who complained of bedwetting, with a frequency of at least once per week and a symptom duration of 3 months or longer. Patients were excluded if they had known pregnancy, current urinary tract infection, untreated malignancies, anatomical abnormalities, and irregular sleep cycle. The International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire—female lower urinary tract symptoms and bladder diary were employed to appraise lower urinary tract symptoms and voiding behavior. Urodynamics was performed to assess the bladder function. A linear regression analysis was applied to determine potential risk factors for NE frequency.ResultsAmong the recruited subjects, comorbidities and lower urinary tract symptoms were frequently reported. On bladder diary, patients commonly presented with nocturnal polyuria (NP), reduced nocturnal voided volumes (RNVVs), or both. Urodynamics revealed multiple dysfunctions, namely, detrusor overactivity (DO), urodynamic stress incontinence (USI), reduced compliance, bladder outlet obstruction, detrusor underactivity (DU), and simultaneous DO and DU. Patients with more frequent NE (≥4/week) demonstrated markedly increased body mass index, more comorbid conditions, worse incontinence symptoms, NP or NP plus RNVVs, reduced compliance, and poorer voiding possibly owing to DU. Whereas, RNVVs alone and worse overactive bladder-related parameters were associated with milder NE. Multivariate analysis indicated that frequency/urgency quality of life, incontinence symptom, NP + RNVVs, poor flow, increased bladder sensation, USI, and simultaneous detrusor overactivity plus DU were independent risk factors for NE severity.ConclusionNE in adult women may have both urological and non-urological pathophysiology. Imbalanced circadian urine production, jeopardized continence mechanisms, overactive bladder, and DU-induced poor voiding are major factors that contribute to the pathogenesis of NE in adult women. Focused treatments on restoring these functions should be individually considered.

2022 ◽  
Ana Paula Rodrigues Rocha ◽  
Luiz Augusto Brusaca ◽  
Ana Jéssica dos Santos Sousa ◽  
Ana Beatriz Oliveira ◽  
Patricia Driusso

Abstract Background: Overactive bladder (OAB) and urinary incontinence (UI) are common conditions among women. However, no studies have evaluated the utility value of this population using different country-specific value sets. We aimed to 1) verify the difference between the preference-based index extracted from the Short Form six dimensions (SF-6Dv1) questionnaire in women with OAB using different country-specific value sets; 2) translate and cross-culturally adapt the King's Health Questionnaire Five Dimension (KHQ-5D) into Brazilian Portuguese; and 3) examine the association between utility index obtained by the SF-6Dv1 and KHQ-5D. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 387 women over 18 years of age with OAB symptoms, divided into groups with and without UI. All participants answered the sociodemographic questionnaire, KHQ, KHQ-5D, and SF-6Dv1. To the statistical analysis a two-way mixed ANOVA was applied to verify the interaction between the presence of UI and utility index obtained from different country-specific value sets. Post-hoc multiple comparisons were applied following the main analysis. Spearman’s test was applied to verify the correlation between the utility values of SF-6Dv1 and KHQ-5D. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: We evaluated 298 women classified according to the presence of UI (119 without UI vs. 179 with UI). The main analysis showed a statistically significant interaction between the presence of UI and the utility index obtained from the different countries (p = 0.005, Cohen’s d= 0.02). The post-hoc analyses showed that there was a statistically significant main effect of the utility index obtained from different countries (p <0.001, d = 0.63) and in the presence of UI (p = 0.012, d = 0.02). The correlations between the utility indices obtained from different countries using the SF-6Dv1 and KHQ-5D were significant, positive, and small. Conclusions: The differences between the indices obtained in different countries and groups with and without UI, assessed using the SF-6Dv1, are shown. The correlation between general and specifics preference-based measures was small; therefore, the SF-6Dv1 should be used with caution in cost-utility studies for this population. We recommend that in women with OAB, the value set for GPBM be obtained in countries where cost utility is applied.

Manon Dorsthorst ◽  
Alex Digesu ◽  
Philip Kerrebroeck ◽  
Sohier Elneil ◽  
Jetske Breda ◽  

Katelyn Smithling Kopcsay ◽  
Tara Doyle Marczak ◽  
Peter C. Jeppson ◽  
Anne P. Cameron ◽  
Rose Khavari ◽  

Bartlomiej Burzynski ◽  
Tomasz Jurys ◽  
Karolina Kwiatkowska ◽  
Katarzyna Cempa ◽  
Andrzej Paradysz

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