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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 287-292
Author(s):  
Rui Jiao ◽  
Ming-Sheng Zhang ◽  
Xin-Ping Li ◽  
Shu-Qian Li ◽  
Wen-Xia Huang

Objectives : To explore the effectiveness of single injection of platelet-rich plasma with rehabilitation therapy for knee osteoarthritis combined with meniscus injury. Methods : Forty patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to a rehabilitation group (REH group, 20 cases) receiving rehabilitation training, and a platelet-rich plasma group (PRP group, 20 cases) receiving an ultrasound-guided single injection of PRP in combination with rehabilitation training. Rehabilitation training in the two groups lasted for 2 weeks, and the patients were evaluated using the short-form McGill pain questionnaire (SF-MPQ), Western Ontario McMaster Universities index (WOMAC score), and infrared thermography (knee-joint mean temperature) before treatment, at 1 week, 1 month and 6 months after treatment. Results : Two patients were lost to follow-up in both the PRP group and the REH group. Significant reductions in pain scores, WOMAC scores and knee temperature were observed at 1 week and 1 month after treatment in both groups (p < 0.05). Significant lower SF-MPQ scores were observed in the PRP group than in the REH group at 6 months followup (p < 0.01). Similarly, the mean knee temperature was significantly lower in the PRP group than in the REH group at 6 months follow-up (p < 0.01). No severe complications occurred in either group. Conclusions: Compared to rehabilitation therapy alone, single injection of platelet-rich plasma in combination with rehabilitation therapy has beneficial effect on pain, knee function and mean knee temperature in patients with KOA combined with meniscus injury. Single injection of platelet-rich plasma combined with rehabilitation therapy has a good short-term effectiveness.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Author(s):  
Lili Wang ◽  
Rong Wu

Acute craniocerebral injury is a common traumatic disease in clinical practice, characterized by rapid changes in condition and a high rate of death and disability. Early and effective emergency care throughout the pre-hospital and in-hospital period is the key to reducing the rate of death and disability and promoting the recovery of patients. In this study, we conducted an observational study of 130 patients with acute craniocerebral injury admitted between May 2020 and May 2021. Patients were randomly divided into a regular group and an optimization group of 65 patients each, with patients in the regular group receiving the conventional emergency care model and patients in the optimization group receiving the pre-hospital and in-hospital optimal emergency care process for intervention. In this study, we observed and compared the time taken to arrive at the scene, assess the condition, attend to the patient and provide emergency care, the success rate of emergency care within 48 h, the interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) after admission and 1 day before discharge, the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and the Short Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36) after resuscitation and 1 day before discharge, and the complications of infection, brain herniation, central hyperthermia, and electrolyte disturbances in both groups. We collected and statistically analyzed the recorded data. The results showed that the time taken to arrive at the consultation site, assess the condition, receive the consultation, provide first aid was significantly lower in the optimized group than in the regular group (P &lt; 0.05); the success rate of treatment was significantly higher in the optimized group than in the regular group (P &lt; 0.05). In both groups, IL-6, IL-8, and ICAM-1 decreased on the day before discharge compared with the day of rescue, with the levels of each index lower in the optimization group than in the regular group (P &lt; 0.05); the NIHSS scores decreased and the SF-36 scores increased on the day before discharge compared with the successful rescue in both groups, with the NIHSS scores in the optimization group lower than in the regular group and the SF-36 scores higher than in the control group (P &lt; 0.05). The overall complication rate in the optimization group was significantly lower than that in the regular group (P &lt; 0.05). This shows that optimizing pre-hospital and in-hospital emergency care procedures can significantly shorten the time to emergency care for patients with acute craniocerebral injury, increase the success rate, reduce inflammation, improve neurological function and quality of life, reduce the occurrence of complications, and improve patient prognosis.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 163-168
Author(s):  
Tushar Kanti Saha ◽  
Kallol Bhandari ◽  
Eashin Gazi ◽  
Arup Jyoti Rout ◽  
Samir Dasgupta

Thalassaemia is a disease of abnormal development of red blood cells which manifests as anaemia. This chronic disease may cause mental, social, financial burdens on the families, care givers and also on health care system.To assess the quality of life (QOL) of the caregivers of thalassaemic children and to identify the predictors of quality of their physical and mental health.Institution based descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in the Thalassaemia Control Unit (TCU) of North Bengal Medical College (NBMC) from December 2018 to April 2019. Total 136 caregivers of children (≤12 years) with thalassaemia were included by complete enumeration method. Physical and mental health of the caregivers were reported in Short Form-36 (SF-36) Health Survey. Collected data were entered into MS-Excel, analysed with the help of SPSS (Version 22).Mean age of caregivers was 34.3 (SD ± 1.4 years). Most of caregivers were female (89%) and had educational qualification up to Primary school (45.6%). Majority (70.6%) of the caregivers were the mothers of the children. Most of the study participants (60.3%) had favourable Physical health Component Summary (PCS) but 64.7% of the caregivers had unfavourable Mental health component Summary (MCS). Educational status was found to be the predictor for PCS but age and relationship with the child were the predictors for MCS.Counselling, psychotherapy, social support for family members or caregivers of the thalassaemic children and community involvement with their full participation should be emphasized to reduce stigma related to thalassaemia.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 153-155
Author(s):  
Jigna Chaudhary ◽  
Sarfraznawaz F Shah

COVID-19 pandemic has affected India to a great extent. Till date total of 3.30 crore peoples has been cured and discharged and 44.6 lakh are died due to covid -19 in India. COVID-19 has a long-term systemic effect on lungs, liver, spleen, anxiety and depression and persistence of inflammatory response even after getting cured or COVID negative. Which may affect quality of life. So, there is a need to evaluate quality of life in post COVID patients.A cross-sectional study was conducted on the 100 COVID-19 recovered Participants. Participants were selected on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criterion. Basic assessment of symptom history, medical history and hospitalisation was done by investigator. A quality of life was evaluated using short form-36 questionnaire (SF-36). Statistical analysis was done using Microsoft excel-2019.A total of 100 participants 61% were male and 39% were female participants. We found that general health component was greatly affected with 68.50%. Following general health emotional well-being (69.68%), social functioning (68.14), pain (64.38%), limitation due to emotional problems (64.19%), energy/fatigue (63.3%), limitation due to physical health (59.61) and physical functioning (48.27%) were affected.We found that there was mild – moderate affection in quality of life in covid recovered subjects. There was more affection in quality of life in participants with other comorbidities. We also found that there were persistence of breathlessness and fatigue after recovery.


2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Mustafa S. Torlak ◽  
Gulsum Gonulalan ◽  
Osman Tufekci ◽  
Merve S. Nazli ◽  
Emine Atici

Abstract Background and purpose In recent years, dietary practices have begun to be used in painful conditions. This study aimed to investigate the effect of a vegan diet and therapeutic exercise in patients with chronic non-specific neck pain. Materials and methods A total of 45 young female patients with chronic non-specific neck pain, aged 18–25 years, participated in the study. Body mass index and body fat percentage were measured with bioelectrical impedance analysis. Pain severity was assessed using the Visual Analogue Scale, quality of life with the short form-36 scale, kinesiophobia with the Tampa scale of kinesiophobia and neck disability with the Neck Disability Index. Results The pain severity reduced in the diet group and exercise group after treatment (p = 0.001). After treatment, Neck Disability Index score decreased in the diet group and exercise group (p = 0.001). Tampa scale of kinesiophobia score decreased in the diet group and exercise group (p = 0.001). The eight domains of the short form-36 scale score increased in the diet group and exercise group (p < 0.05). No difference was found in the body mass index and fat percentage in all groups before and after treatment (p˃ 0.05). Conclusion A vegan diet and therapeutic exercise are beneficial to patients with chronic non-specific neck pain in terms of pain severity and quality of life.


COVID ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 76-86
Author(s):  
Antarpreet Kaur ◽  
Chloe Michalopoulos ◽  
Suzanne Carpe ◽  
Soontharee Congrete ◽  
Hira Shahzad ◽  
...  

Background: Observational studies of the long-term effects of COVID-19 infection generally focus on individual symptoms rather than health status. Objective: Longitudinal assessment of general health status following COVID-19 infection. Design: Observational study, with data collected from two telephone surveys at 32 ± 10 and 89 ± 25 days after discharge from the hospital or emergency department (ED) for a COVID-19 infection. Medicaid or no insurance was our marker of low socioeconomic status (SES). Acute disease severity was determined by summing 10 severity markers (yes-no) from the health encounter. Baseline comorbidity was a modified Charlson Index. Participants: 40 patients. Mean age was 54 ± 15 years, 50% were female, and 40% had low socioeconomic status. Main Measures: (1) the 20-item Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form General Health Survey (SF-20); (2) Dyspnea (modified Medical Research Council); (3) Psychological symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire for Anxiety and Depression); (4) Cognitive function (Cognitive Change Questionnaire); (5) Fatigue (Short Fatigue Questionnaire); (6) A 10-item review of systems (ROS) questionnaire. Key Results: Percentages with abnormal symptoms at the first and second surveys were (respectively): Dyspnea (40, 33), Fatigue (53, 50), Anxiety (33, 18), Depression (20, 10), PHQ-4 Composite (25, 13), and Cognitive (18, 10). Mean scores on the SF-20 subscales, Physical Functioning, Role Functioning, Social Functioning, Health Perception, Mental Health, and Pain were numerically lower than means from a published study of elderly outpatients. With the exception of Pain, all SF-20 subscale scores improved significantly by the second survey. In multivariable analyses, dyspnea was predictive of impairment in all SF-20 subscales at the second survey. Conclusions: COVID-19 infection causes persistent abnormality across multiple patient-reported outcome areas, including health status. The persistence of impairment in each health status component is influenced by baseline dyspnea.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ana Paula Rodrigues Rocha ◽  
Luiz Augusto Brusaca ◽  
Ana Jéssica dos Santos Sousa ◽  
Ana Beatriz Oliveira ◽  
Patricia Driusso

Abstract Background: Overactive bladder (OAB) and urinary incontinence (UI) are common conditions among women. However, no studies have evaluated the utility value of this population using different country-specific value sets. We aimed to 1) verify the difference between the preference-based index extracted from the Short Form six dimensions (SF-6Dv1) questionnaire in women with OAB using different country-specific value sets; 2) translate and cross-culturally adapt the King's Health Questionnaire Five Dimension (KHQ-5D) into Brazilian Portuguese; and 3) examine the association between utility index obtained by the SF-6Dv1 and KHQ-5D. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 387 women over 18 years of age with OAB symptoms, divided into groups with and without UI. All participants answered the sociodemographic questionnaire, KHQ, KHQ-5D, and SF-6Dv1. To the statistical analysis a two-way mixed ANOVA was applied to verify the interaction between the presence of UI and utility index obtained from different country-specific value sets. Post-hoc multiple comparisons were applied following the main analysis. Spearman’s test was applied to verify the correlation between the utility values of SF-6Dv1 and KHQ-5D. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: We evaluated 298 women classified according to the presence of UI (119 without UI vs. 179 with UI). The main analysis showed a statistically significant interaction between the presence of UI and the utility index obtained from the different countries (p = 0.005, Cohen’s d= 0.02). The post-hoc analyses showed that there was a statistically significant main effect of the utility index obtained from different countries (p <0.001, d = 0.63) and in the presence of UI (p = 0.012, d = 0.02). The correlations between the utility indices obtained from different countries using the SF-6Dv1 and KHQ-5D were significant, positive, and small. Conclusions: The differences between the indices obtained in different countries and groups with and without UI, assessed using the SF-6Dv1, are shown. The correlation between general and specifics preference-based measures was small; therefore, the SF-6Dv1 should be used with caution in cost-utility studies for this population. We recommend that in women with OAB, the value set for GPBM be obtained in countries where cost utility is applied.


2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (GROUP) ◽  
pp. 1-27
Author(s):  
Ellen Simpson ◽  
Andrew Hamann ◽  
Bryan Semaan

As our social worlds increasingly shift online, many of the technologies people encounter are mediated by algorithms. Algorithms have become deeply embedded into people's online lives, often working to tailor and personalize their routine encounters with the world. How does one domesticate, or make one's own, an algorithmic system? One of the goals as people adopt new technologies is to weave them into their everyday routines, establishing a pattern of use in order to make that technology their own. In this paper we focus on people's experiences domesticating the short-form video sharing application, TikTok. Through an interview study with 16 LGBTQ+ TikTok users, we explore how people's routine experiences with TikTok's For You Page algorithm influence and inform their domestication process. We first highlight people's motivations for adopting TikTok and the challenges they encounter in this initial acquisition phase of domestication. After adopting the platform, we discuss the challenges people experience across the final three phases of domestication: objectification, incorporation, and conversion. We find that though they enjoy TikTok, our participants feel that they are never fully able to domesticate TikTok. As they are never able to fully control their digital selves, and thus integrate it into their routine lives, TikTok is in constant misalignment with their personal moral economy. We discuss the implications of domesticating algorithmic systems, examining the questions of whose values shape the moral economy created by and through people's uses of algorithmic systems, and the impact of nostalgia on the domestication process.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
MING YI ◽  
Jing LI ◽  
Gang LIU ◽  
Weixi ZHANG ◽  
Ying WANG ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Facial appearance and expressions influence social interaction. However, few studies have reported on the stigma associated with spasms from facial dystonia. This study investigated the stigma and quality of life for these patients. Methods This cross-sectional study included 90 patients with facial dystonia (hemifacial spasm [HFS], blepharospasm [BSP], and blepharospasm-oromandibular dystonia [BOD]; 30 patients per group) and 30 individuals without dystonia (control group) from October 2019 to November 2020. All participants underwent stigma, quality of life, and mental health evaluations using seven questions related to stigma, the 36-item Short Form Health Survey, the 14-item version of the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), and the 24-item version of the Hamilton Depression Scale. Results Nineteen patients (21.11%) felt stigmatized. Patients with BPS and HFS had more difficulty finding a job and were more susceptible to discrimination than healthy individuals. The role-physical and social function scores were significantly lower in the dystonia groups than in the control group. The vitality score of the BPS group and the mental health scores in the BPS and BOD groups were significantly less than those of the control group. The HAMA scores in the BPS and BOD groups were significantly higher than in the control group. Regression analysis demonstrated that the disease course influenced depression. Conclusion Enacted stigma from a negative public attitude may be the main factor triggering stigma in patients with facial dystonia, with detrimental effects on psychosocial outcomes, including social rights, quality of life, and mood.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Craig A. Harper ◽  
Rebecca Lievesley ◽  
Ellie Woodward ◽  
Roanna WIlson ◽  
Lauren Stubbs

Sex dolls are beginning to become more mainstream, both in the public’s consciousness and in academic research. However, there is no current systematic examination of public attitudes toward sex dolls within the peer-reviewed literature, which represents a barrier to the efficient study on this topic. In this paper we report the development and initial validation of such a measure. Using an international public sample (N = 377) we found that public attitudes toward sex doll owners were underpinned by three factors: ‘Acceptability of Doll Ownership’, ‘Doll Owners as Immoral’, and ‘Doll Owners as Dysfunctional’. Scores on each of these factors, which make up the Sex Doll Ownership Attitudes Scale (SDOAS), were predicted by participant sex, religiosity, permissive sexual attitudes, right-wing authoritarianism, and the endorsement of moral intuitions that favor personal liberty. We present a full form 66-item version of the SDOAS, as well as an 18-item short form which both possess strong psychometric properties. We highlight potential future uses of the SDOAS as this emerging field of study continues to rapidly grow.


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