siamese network
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2022 ◽  
Vol 193 ◽  
pp. 106636
Qingguo Su ◽  
Jinglei Tang ◽  
Mingxin Zhai ◽  
Dongjian He

2022 ◽  
Jianlong Zhang ◽  
Qiao Li ◽  
Bin Wang ◽  
Chen Chen ◽  
Tianhong Wang ◽  

Abstract Siamese network based trackers formulate the visual tracking mission as an image matching process by regression and classification branches, which simplifies the network structure and improves tracking accuracy. However, there remain many problems as described below. 1) The lightweight neural networks decreases feature representation ability. The tracker is easy to fail under the disturbing distractors (e.g., deformation and similar objects) or large changes in viewing angle. 2) The tracker cannot adapt to variations of the object. 3) The tracker cannot reposition the object that has failed to track. To address these issues, we first propose a novel match filter arbiter based on the Euclidean distance histogram between the centers of multiple candidate objects to automatically determine whether the tracker fails. Secondly, Hopcroft-Karp algorithm is introduced to select the winners from the dynamic template set through the backtracking process, and object relocation is achieved by comparing the Gradient Magnitude Similarity Deviation between the template and the winners. The experiments show that our method obtains better performance on several tracking benchmarks, i.e., OTB100, VOT2018, GOT-10k and LaSOT, compared with state-of-the-art methods.

Xian Tao ◽  
Da-Peng Zhang ◽  
Wenzhi Ma ◽  
Zhanxin Hou ◽  
Zhenfeng Lu ◽  

Menglong WU ◽  
Cuizhu QIN ◽  
Hongxia DONG ◽  
Wenkai LIU ◽  
Xiaodong NIE ◽  

Ananya Sharma ◽  
Srikanth Prabhu ◽  
Aryamaan Yadav ◽  
P. Prithviraj ◽  
Vikas Venkat Sigatapu ◽  

Zi Yang ◽  
Mingli Chen ◽  
Mahdieh Kazemimoghadam ◽  
Lin Ma ◽  
Strahinja Stojadinovic ◽  

Abstract Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is now the standard of care for brain metastases (BMs) patients. The SRS treatment planning process requires precise target delineation, which in clinical workflow for patients with multiple (>4) BMs (mBMs) could become a pronounced time bottleneck. Our group has developed an automated BMs segmentation platform to assist in this process. The accuracy of the auto-segmentation, however, is influenced by the presence of false-positive segmentations, mainly caused by the injected contrast during MRI acquisition. To address this problem and further improve the segmentation performance, a deep-learning and radiomics ensemble classifier was developed to reduce the false-positive rate in segmentations. The proposed model consists of a Siamese network and a radiomic-based support vector machine (SVM) classifier. The 2D-based Siamese network contains a pair of parallel feature extractors with shared weights followed by a single classifier. This architecture is designed to identify the inter-class difference. On the other hand, the SVM model takes the radiomic features extracted from 3D segmentation volumes as the input for twofold classification, either a false-positive segmentation or a true BM. Lastly, the outputs from both models create an ensemble to generate the final label. The performance of the proposed model in the segmented mBMs testing dataset reached the accuracy (ACC), sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE) and area under the curve (AUC) of 0.91, 0.96, 0.90 and 0.93, respectively. After integrating the proposed model into the original segmentation platform, the average segmentation false negative rate (FNR) and the false positive over the union (FPoU) were 0.13 and 0.09, respectively, which preserved the initial FNR (0.07) and significantly improved the FPoU (0.55). The proposed method effectively reduced the false-positive rate in the BMs raw segmentations indicating that the integration of the proposed ensemble classifier into the BMs segmentation platform provides a beneficial tool for mBMs SRS management.

2021 ◽  
Andrew McNutt ◽  
David Koes

The lead optimization phase of drug discovery refines an initial hit molecule for desired properties, especially potency. Synthesis and experimental testing of the small perturbations during this refinement can be quite costly and time consuming. Relative binding free energy (RBFE, also referred to as ∆∆G) methods allow the estimation of binding free energy changes after small changes to a ligand scaffold. Here we propose and evaluate a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) Siamese network for the prediction of RBFE between two bound ligands. We show that our multi-task loss is able to improve on a previous state-of-the-art Siamese network for RBFE prediction via increased regularization of the latent space. The Siamese network architecture is well suited to the prediction of RBFE in comparison to a standard CNN trained on the same data (Pearson’s R of 0.553 and 0.5, respectively). When evaluated on a left-out protein family, our CNN Siamese network shows variability in its RBFE predictive performance depending on the protein family being evaluated (Pearson’s R ranging from-0.44 to 0.97). RBFE prediction performance can be improved during generalization by injecting only a few examples (few-shot learning) from the evaluation dataset during model training.

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