molybdenum trioxide
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2022 ◽  
Ojodomo J. Achadu ◽  
Njemuwa Nwaji ◽  
Dong Kyu Lee ◽  
Jaebeom Lee ◽  
Eser Metin Akinoglu ◽  

The global pandemic of COVID-19 is an example of how quickly a disease-causing virus can take root and threaten our civilization. Nowadays, ultrasensitive and rapid detection of contagious pathogens is...

2022 ◽  
pp. 113355
H.M. Ali ◽  
E. Kh. Shokr ◽  
Y.A. Taya ◽  
Sh. A Elkot ◽  
M.F. Hasaneen ◽  

2021 ◽  
Qizhi Yan ◽  
Runkun Chen ◽  
Zhu Yuan ◽  
Peining Li ◽  
Xinliang Zhang

Abstract We theoretically propose and study in-plane anisotropic acoustic phonon polaritons (APhPs) based on a layered structure consisting of a monolayer (or few layers) α-phase molybdenum trioxide (α-MoO3) sandwiched between two metal layers. We find that the APhPs in the proposed sandwiched structures are a canalization (highly directional) electromagnetic mode propagating along with the layers and at the same time exhibit extreme electromagnetic-field confinement surpassing any other type of phonon-polariton modes. When a double layer of α-MoO3 is sandwiched by two Au layers, twisting the two α-MoO3 layers can adjust the interlayer polaritonic coupling and thus manipulate the in-plane propagation of the highly confined APhPs. Our results illustrate that the metal-MoO3-metal sandwiched structures are a promising platform for light guiding and manipulation at ultimate scale.

2021 ◽  
Vol 399 ◽  
pp. 139331
Huizheng Si ◽  
Chong Han ◽  
Yangbo Cui ◽  
Shangbin Sang ◽  
Kaiyu Liu ◽  

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 3073
Xiangning Huang ◽  
Arturo A. Keller

Surfactants are commonly used in foliar applications to enhance interactions of active ingredients with plant leaves. We employed metabolomics to understand the effects of TritonTM X-100 surfactant (SA) and nanomaterials (NMs) on wheat (Triticum aestivum) at the molecular level. Leaves of three-week-old wheat seedlings were exposed to deionized water (DI), surfactant solution (SA), NMs-surfactant suspensions (Cu(OH)2 NMs and MoO3 NMs), and ionic-surfactant solutions (Cu IONs and Mo IONs). Wheat leaves and roots were evaluated via physiological, nutrient distribution, and targeted metabolomics analyses. SA had no impact on plant physiological parameters, however, 30+ dysregulated metabolites and 15+ perturbed metabolomic pathways were identified in wheat leaves and roots. Cu(OH)2 NMs resulted in an accumulation of 649.8 μg/g Cu in leaves; even with minimal Cu translocation, levels of 27 metabolites were significantly changed in roots. Due to the low dissolution of Cu(OH)2 NMs in SA, the low concentration of Cu IONs induced minimal plant response. In contrast, given the substantial dissolution of MoO3 NMs (35.8%), the corresponding high levels of Mo IONs resulted in significant metabolite reprogramming (30+ metabolites dysregulated). Aspartic acid, proline, chlorogenic acid, adenosine, ascorbic acid, phenylalanine, and lysine were significantly upregulated for MoO3 NMs, yet downregulated under Mo IONs condition. Surprisingly, Cu(OH)2 NMs stimulated wheat plant tissues more than MoO3 NMs. The glyoxylate/dicarboxylate metabolism (in leaves) and valine/leucine/isoleucine biosynthesis (in roots) uniquely responded to Cu(OH)2 NMs. Findings from this study provide novel insights on the use of surfactants to enhance the foliar application of nanoagrochemicals.

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