Aluminum Company
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2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (5) ◽  
pp. 143-148
Author(s):  
Shubham Gandhi ◽  
Drumil Newaskar ◽  
Rohan Apte ◽  
Preet Aligave

Lithium is one of the foremost valuable metal which is widely used for manufacturing batteries and also has other uses in solar panels, ceramics, glasses and pharmaceuticals. Lithium is third most abundant element after hydrogen and helium but the most lithium deposits are only in Bolivia (21 million tons), Argentina (17 million tons), Chile (9 million tons), Australia (6.8 million tons), China (4.5 million tons). Bolivia, Argentina, Chile forms so called lithium triangle. Due to depleting reserves of fossil fuels and its harmful impact on the environment has forced the globe to shift to Lithium-ion batteries which is much eco-friendlier alternative. India’s push for electric vehicles (EV) may cause a considerable change in its energy security priorities, with securing lithium supplies, a key material for creating batteries, becoming as important as buying oil and gas fields overseas. India doesn't have enough lithium reserves for manufacturing lithium-ion batteries. The majority electric vehicles within the country run on imported batteries, mostly from China. At present a lithium-ion battery accounts for 40% of the overall cost of an electrical vehicle. Khanij Bidesh Pvt Ltd is a venture firm of three central public sector enterprises namely National Aluminum Company (Nalco), Hindustan Copper Ltd (HCL), Mineral Exploration Company Ltd (MECL). The KABIL would do identification, acquisition, exploration, development, mining and processing of strategic minerals overseas for commercial use and meeting country’s requirement of those minerals. The mission is to not allow India to fall in a very vulnerable position with a probable threat of supply squeeze as went on within the case of petroleum, with India being the world’s third largest oil importer and to amass cobalt and lithium mines in addition on get into purchase agreements of those minerals. This may help in achieving resource security with regard to strategic minerals.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 17-24
Author(s):  
T. S. Kamalitdinov

The author analyzes the foundation of mining and metallurgical industry of Tajikistan using the available historical publications and predictive research of scientists of the Republic of Tajikistan and Russia, as well as mass media sources. The main purpose is to show the availability of mineral resources, historical and contemporary demand, condition and prospects for their development. It is noted that Tajikistan mining and geological surveys conducted by world scientific researchers revealed numerous remains of the Bronze Age settlements in the North and South of Tajikistan. The remains prove that alongside cattle breeding and farming the Persian and the Tajik people of that time were also engaged in mining, metal mining and pottery. The author adduces arguments for organizing international expedition to discover historical areas of formation of metallurgical production. The findings of the expedition include extremely interesting millennia-old achievements in development of job safety system and metal production in different territories. The results of the research were used to distinguish the characteristic features of the areas, their potential opportunities for further development of metallurgical industry in Middle Asia and especially in the Republic of Tajikistan. The development of mining and metallurgical industry in Tajikistan is of high expediency due to availability of mineral resources and cheap labour force. The measures taken on its sustainable supply of electric power and fuel resources are of special interest. The author points out that functioning of mining and metallurgical enterprises with the Tajik Aluminum Company (TALCO) being the most significant of them resulted in creating a number of highly skilled jobs and building industrial facilities in the central region of the Republic. Analysis of the state of placement of hydropower resources in Middle Asia allows setting the priorities for development of this process in the Republic of Tajikistan. The author outlines major managerial problems of metallurgical industry in the Republic of Tajikistan and highlights the important peculiar features of management of mining enterprises under market conditions. For example, the transition to new institutional management methods due to implementing the tolling method of management provided the TALCO with the opportunity to escape bankruptcy and preserve the company.


2020 ◽  
Vol 8 (3) ◽  
pp. 167
Author(s):  
Lindomar De Jesus de Sousa Silva ◽  
Maurílio De Abreu Monteiro ◽  
Lílian Regina Furtado Braga ◽  
Tânia Nazarena de Oliveira Miranda
Keyword(s):  

As comunidades de Juruti Velho, no oeste paraense, desenvolveram um processo de resistência e mobilização em defesa dos seus direitos tradicionais e territoriais frente ao advento da mineradora norte-americana Aluminum Company of América (ALCOA). Esse processo pode ser lido na perspectiva da decolonização, na medida em que foi desencadeado pelas comunidades, tendo como substrato os direitos territoriais, a ancestralidade, a relação com natureza e um modo socioeconômico não orientado pelos valores da sociedade capitalista. A resistência ocorreu a partir da organização comunitária, do puxirum, e da conexão com um contexto marcado pela validação dos direitos tradicionais e territoriais na constituição cidadã (1988), na ratificação da Convenção 169 da OIT, de junho de 1989, e na Convenção sobre a Diversidade Biológica (CDB). O presente artigo foi baseado em pesquisa de campo e foca nos processos que conduziram essas comunidades a obterem da empresa e do Estado o reconhecimento da sua tradicionalidade e dos seus direitos territoriais, passando a participar dos resultados da lavra com autonomia, da gestão dos recursos recebidos pela sua própria entidade e da titulação coletiva do PAE Juruti Velho, com o repasse pelo Incra do Contrato de Concessão de Direito Real de Uso (CCDRU). Concluímos que esse processo constitui um importante exemplo de resistência ao poder econômico e político, como também a reconfiguração do espaço e sua interiorização da submissão a um modelo colonial. Juruti Velho insere-se dentro de um contexto de desconstrução de saberes coloniais e afirmação de uma perspectiva decolonial.


Author(s):  
Liting Zhang ◽  
Hongbo Liu ◽  
Shaoxiong Zhang ◽  
Zhiguo Teng ◽  
Shu Wang

2019 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-36
Author(s):  
Randall Andrés Chaves Zamora
Keyword(s):  

Resumen. En abril de 1970, miles de estudiantes de colegio y de la Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR) protagonizaron el movimiento estudiantil más recordado en el país desde ese momento y hasta la actualidad. La cadena de protestas, motivada por la oposición estudiantil a la empresa transnacional Aluminum Company of America (Alcoa), generó una amplia cobertura mediática y ha sido conmemorada por sus líderes y protagonistas durante medio siglo. Las páginas siguientes son una interpretación histórica de las memorias públicas sobre esa coyuntura. En primer lugar, se explica la forma en que los universitarios se incluyeron en la discusión legislativa sobre la empresa, mientras que la segunda parte analiza la cadena de protestas realizadas en oposición al proyecto. Ambos apartados utilizan las memorias públicas de los protagonistas del movimiento, dadas a conocer en formato escrito, oral y audiovisual en diferentes medios periodísticos. El estudio termina con una revisión de las interpretaciones más significativas dadas a conocer por la generación de Alcoa y propone que esta memoria estuvo caracterizada por olvidos, omisiones y silencios motivados por el género de quienes recordaron su juventud, resultando en la creación de una memoria masculinizada.


2019 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 195-200
Author(s):  
Ali Kassem ◽  
Eman Sabet ◽  
Sharaf Abdallah ◽  
Nashwa Yahia

2018 ◽  
Vol 9 (6) ◽  
pp. 241-253
Author(s):  
Verena Cibele Soares Moura ◽  
Paula Cristiane Nogueira Valente ◽  
Ynglea Georgina de Freitas Goch ◽  
José Max Barbosa Oliveira Junior
Keyword(s):  

A implantação de grandes projetos na Amazônia apresenta dinâmicas marcadas por impactos. Este trabalho descreve os impactos socioambientais gerados por um grande empreendimento comandado pela empresa multinacional Aluminum Company of America - ALCOA, no município de Juruti (PA), na visão dos moradores da área urbana. Trata-se de uma pequena cidade no interior do estado do Pará, que se incorpora à economia global devido ao ciclo produtivo do alumínio, através da extração de bauxita. A metodologia aplicada consistiu na utilização de questionários, como instrumento para a coleta de dados em nove bairros, com posterior elaboração de gráficos, tabelas e cujos valores obtidos foram sumarizados pela Análise de Componentes Principais (PCA) para verificar a distinção entre dois grupos de bairros, definidos como antigos e recentes. A pesquisa apontou que, no que concerne à infraestrutura, à saúde, e ao meio ambiente, houve tanto impactos positivos, quanto negativos; já no que diz respeito ao crescimento populacional desordenado e à criminalidade, apenas negativos; enquanto que, no que se relaciona à educação, ao emprego e à economia, somente efeitos positivos. Percebe-se, portanto, que, em Juruti, houve mais impactos positivos do que negativos. O presente estudo contribui para o entendimento de que as transformações ocorridas são desdobramentos das relações existentes entre os circuitos espaciais produtivos e os locais afetados, bem como das interações sociais, econômicas e ambientais estabelecidas no município.


Author(s):  
Stephanie Elizondo Griest

This chapter delves into the environmental assault on Akwesasne as well as the tribe’s resistance. In the 1950s, Canada and the United States started building the St. Lawrence Seaway, a system of canals, locks, and channels that enabled ships to launch in the Great Lakes and sail clear to the Atlantic Ocean. One of its many regional side projects entailed a massive hydroelectric dam that straddled the international borderline. Its construction drowned out six villages and virtually all of the area’s beaver hutches, displacing some 6,500 people—many of whom were Mohawk—and decimating the trapping industry. The dam also lured businesses into the area, including General Motors, Reynolds Metals, and the Aluminum Company of America, all three of which opened factories on the outskirts of Akwesasne and slowly began to poison the area’s air and rivers. The Environmental Protection Agency has done little to help, and many Mohawks resent them for it. The author interviews activists who have taken matters into their own hands with direct action against the corporations—and have been sued as a result.


2011 ◽  
Vol 347-353 ◽  
pp. 3863-3868
Author(s):  
Zun Jie Hu ◽  
Li Ming ◽  
Ji Yao Li ◽  
Xing Yu Hou ◽  
Ming Guang Sun

This systematic study of the red mud dam and the formation of cracks in the mechanism, and summarize a variety of cracks in the dam prevention and treatment methods. According to the second red mud dam cracks In shandong aluminum company,the detailed analysis of its causes, and take the excavation backfilling, grouting and other measures to crack effect is obvious in time, eliminating the risks of dam, the dam will be more stable, have run more secure.


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