bubbly flow
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Yixiang Liao ◽  
Tian Ma

AbstractBubbly flow still represents a challenge for large-scale numerical simulation. Among many others, the understanding and modelling of bubble-induced turbulence (BIT) are far from being satisfactory even though continuous efforts have been made. In particular, the buoyancy of the bubbles generally introduces turbulence anisotropy in the flow, which cannot be captured by the standard eddy viscosity models with specific source terms representing BIT. Recently, on the basis of bubble-resolving direct numerical simulation data, a new Reynolds-stress model considering BIT was developed by Ma et al. (J Fluid Mech, 883: A9 (2020)) within the Euler—Euler framework. The objective of the present work is to assess this model and compare its performance with other standard Reynolds-stress models using a systematic test strategy. We select the experimental data in the BIT-dominated range and find that the new model leads to major improvements in the prediction of full Reynolds-stress components.

2022 ◽  
Jacob T. Keese ◽  
Benjamin Campbell ◽  
Mitchell Schroll ◽  
Donald K. Hollingsworth ◽  
Lawrence D. Thomas

Wongsakorn Wongsaroj ◽  
Hideharu Takahashi ◽  
Natee Thong-Un ◽  
Hiroshige Kikura

This study proposes an ultrasonic velocity profiler (UVP) with a single ultrasonic gas-liquid two-phase separation (SUTS) technique to measure the velocity distribution of vapor-liquid boiling bubbly flow. The proposed technique is capable of measuring the velocity of the vapor bubble and liquid separately in boiling conditions. To confirm the viability of the measurement technique, the experiment is conducted on vertical pipe flow apparatus. The ultrasonic transmission and effect of ultrasonic refraction through the pipe wall and water are investigated at ambient temperature until subcooled boiling temperature is reached. The velocity profile in the water at elevated temperature is measured to verify the ability of the technique in this application. The bubbly flow velocity distribution measurement in boiling conditions is then demonstrated. The results show that the proposed technique can effectively investigate the velocity of both phases under various fluid conditions in boiling bubbly flow.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Na Liu ◽  
Qian Zhao ◽  
Zhixiang Lan

Two-phase flow regimes were experimentally investigated during the entire condensation process of refrigerant R152a in a circular glass minichannel. The inner and outer diameters of the test minichannel were 0.75 and 1.50 mm. The channel was 500 mm long to allow observation of all the two-phase flow regimes during the condensation process. The experiments used saturation temperatures from 30 to 50°C, a mass flux of 150 kg/(m2·s) and vapor qualities from 0 to 1. The annular, intermittent and bubbly flow regimes were observed for the experimental conditions in the study. The absence of the stratified flow regime shows that the gravitational effect is no longer dominant in the minichannel for these conditions. Vapor-liquid interfacial waves, liquid bridge formation and vapor core breakage were observed in the minichannel. Quantitative measurements of flow regime transition locations were carried out in the present study. The experiments also showed the effects of the saturation temperature and the cooling water mass flow rate on flow regime transitions. The results show that the annular flow range decreases and the intermittent and bubbly flow ranges change little with increasing saturation temperature. The cooling water mass flow rate ranging from 38.3 kg/h to 113.8 kg/h had little effect on the flow regime transitions.

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