energy and exergy
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2022 ◽  
Vol 51 ◽  
pp. 101887
Seyed Masoud Parsa ◽  
Alireza Yazdani ◽  
Hossein Aberoumand ◽  
Yousef Farhadi ◽  
Abolfazl Ansari ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 226 ◽  
pp. 107070
Shuo Ma ◽  
Shilei Lu ◽  
Hongting Ma ◽  
Renxi Li ◽  
Chang Xu ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 49 ◽  
pp. 101705
Muhammad Ibrahim ◽  
Awatef Abidi ◽  
Ebrahem A. Algehyne ◽  
Tareq Saeed ◽  
Goshtasp Cheraghian ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 49 ◽  
pp. 101708
Yacine Khetib ◽  
Ali Alzaed ◽  
Ahmad Alahmadi ◽  
Goshtasp Cheraghian ◽  
Mohsen Sharifpur

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Yicen Zhang ◽  
Yang Du ◽  
Xiaochen Lu ◽  
Pan Zhao ◽  
Yiping Dai

The wide utilization of solar energy is beneficial for the emission reduction of carbon dioxide. This paper proposes a novel power cycle system driven by solar energy, which consists of a recompression supercritical carbon dioxide cycle (RSCO2) and an ammonia-water cooling-power cycle (ACPC). The power system operates in a “self-production and self-sale” mode, which means that the refrigeration capacity produced by the ACPC is utilized to cool the main compressor inlet fluid of the RSCO2. The comprehensive energy and exergy analyses of the proposed novel system are presented. The effects of the six parameters on the system thermodynamic performance are evaluated, which are direct normal irradiation, the ammonia concentration of a basic solution, the pinch point temperature difference of an evaporator, the effectiveness of a recuperator, the pressure ratio of the RSCO2 and the molten salt outlet temperature. The results show that compared with the stand-alone RSCO2, the net power and energy efficiency of the proposed system are improved by 15.94 and 10.61%, respectively. In addition, the increasing ammonia concentration of the basic solution leads to the rise of the ACPC refrigeration output, and the inlet temperature of the main compressor can be declined to 32.97°C with the ammonia concentration of the basic solution of 0.88. Moreover, when the effectiveness of the recuperator in RSCO2 rises up to 0.98, the system energy and exergy efficiencies can reach their maximum value of 30.68 and 33.10%, respectively.

Minhua Huang ◽  
Haiqiao Wang ◽  
Feng Tian ◽  
Junxin Huang ◽  
Shiqiang Chen ◽  

This study proposes a downstream single-row air washer for air cooling. The theoretical energy and exergy balance models were established at different droplet diameters and verified by the experimental data. Based on the abovementioned theoretical relationship, the single performance indicator of heat exchange efficiency (HEE) and exergy efficiency was quantitatively analyzed; a comprehensive analysis method of two indicators was proposed, combining HEE and exergy efficiency, and a numerical simulation was carried out. Results show that the smaller the droplet diameter and the larger the water–air ratio, the lower the dry-bulb temperature of the outlet air and the higher the HEE and exergy flux destruction. When the droplet diameter is less than 440 μm, the droplet diameter does not affect exergy efficiency and dry-bulb temperature. When the droplet diameter is larger than 440 μm, the droplet diameter is positively correlated with the air outlet dry-bulb temperature and exergy efficiency; in contrast, the water–gas ratio is negatively correlated with the air outlet dry-bulb temperature. An engineering case reveals that when the air outlet temperature is less than 34°C, the critical water–gas ratio can be set as 2.6 (mass ratio). At this time, the HEE is more than 90%, the exergy efficiency is more than 60%, and the critical value of droplet diameter is 440 μm. The research results provide an essential theoretical basis for the optimization of engineering design calculation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-6
Hakan Kızıltaş

Energy and exergy analysis of systems are of great importance to enhance the energy and exergy efficiency of industrial production facilities. With the energy and exergy analyses performed, the energy dependency of the production facilities and their energy consumption can be reduced, the price of the product can decrease, and the profit margin can increase. Additionally, it is ensured that the energy produced based on fossil fuels is used in a controlled way. In the present study, the analysis of energy and exergy has been performed for the production reactor unit of the Boric Acid from Colemanite. The first law of thermodynamics and ChemCAD simulation program was used for energy analysis calculations, and the calculations of exergy analysis were carried out by using the second law of thermodynamics. The total energy loss of the reactor unit and the calculated energy loss per 100 kcal input steam were calculated as 110880 kcal/h and 3.724%, and the losses of total exergy in the reactor units and the losses of exergy calculated per 100 kcal input steam were calculated as 225058.86 kcal/h and 30.095%, respectively. Exergy efficiency for the reactor unit has been determined as 3.3 %. Some suggestions were given for the reactor units of boric acid production plants to minimize system losses.

2022 ◽  
Yuan Zhao ◽  
Bowen Du ◽  
Shunyi Chen ◽  
Jun Zhao ◽  
Lingbao Wang

Abstract Due to deep utilization of geobrine and high net power output, binary flashing cycle (BFC) is deemed to be the future geothermal energy power generation technology. The BFC using R245/R600a zeotropic mixtures is presented in this paper. The thermodynamic model of the system is built, and energy, conventional and advanced exergy analysis are carried out, to reveal the real optimization potential. It is demonstrated that the optimal composition mass fraction of R245fa and dryness of working fluid at the evaporator outlet ranges are 0.30~0.50 and 0.40~0.60, considering the thermodynamic performance and the flammability of the mixtures, simultaneously. Conventional exergy analysis indicates that the maximum exergy destruction occurs in condenser, followed by expander, evaporator, flashing tank, preheater, high-pressure pump and low-pressure pump. While the advanced exergy analysis reveals that the expander should be given the first priority for optimization, followed by condenser and evaporator. The BFC has a large potential for improvement due to higher avoidable exergy destruction, about 48.6% of the total system exergy destruction can be reduced. And the interconnections among system components are not very strong, owing to small exogenous exergy destructions. It also demonstrates the effectiveness of advanced exergy analysis, and the approach can be extended to other energy conversion systems to maximize the energy and exergy savings for sustainable development.

Desalination ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 522 ◽  
pp. 115421
Mohammad Alrbai ◽  
Jamil Enizat ◽  
Hassan Hayajneh ◽  
Bashar Qawasmeh ◽  
Sameer Al-Dahidi

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