exergy analysis
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2022 ◽  
Vol 226 ◽  
pp. 107070
Shuo Ma ◽  
Shilei Lu ◽  
Hongting Ma ◽  
Renxi Li ◽  
Chang Xu ◽  

2022 ◽  
Andrej Jentsch

Abstract This publication provides a basic guideline to the application of Resource Exergy Analysis (REA) with a focus on energy systems evaluation. REA is a proven application of exergy analysis to the field of technology comparison.REA aims to help decision makers to obtain an indicator in addition to GHG emissions, that is grounded in science, namely Resource Consumption.Even if an energy system uses GHG-free energy increased Resource Consumption likely increases the need for fossil fuels and thus GHG emissions of the global economy. Resource Consumption can replace the less comprehensive Primary Energy Consumption as an indictor and reduce the risk of suboptimal decisions.Evaluating energy systems using REA is key to ensure that climate targets are reached in time.

2022 ◽  
pp. 0958305X2110681
Maryam Karami ◽  
Hajar Abdshahi

In this study, the transient performance of a qanat source heat pump is investigated using a TRNSYS-MATLAB co-simulator. The water/ethylene glycol-to-air compression heat pump and the helical coil heat exchanger, which is used to inject heat to or to extract heat from the qanat water, are mathematically modeled in matrix laboratory (MATLAB), and then, coupled to transient systems simulation (TRNSYS) model to evaluate the system transient performance and calculate the heating and cooling loads of the case study building. Comparison of the performance of the qanat source heat pump with an air source heat pump showed that the coefficient of performance of the qanat source heat pump is at least 5% and at most 34% higher than that of the air source heat pump. By increasing the flow rate of the working fluid in the helical coil heat exchanger from 2 L/min to 8 L/min, the coefficient of performance of the qanat source heat pump increases at least 12% and at most 34.1%. The maximum increase in energy efficiency ratio and free energy ratio of the system by the similar increase in the flow rate is 46.4% and 24.8%, respectively. The exergy analysis of the qanat source heat pump reveals that the minimum and maximum exergy efficiency of the system is 32% and 85.5%, respectively. The findings also indicate that the most exergy destruction occurs in the condenser in heating mode and in the evaporator in cooling mode.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-6
Hakan Kızıltaş

Energy and exergy analysis of systems are of great importance to enhance the energy and exergy efficiency of industrial production facilities. With the energy and exergy analyses performed, the energy dependency of the production facilities and their energy consumption can be reduced, the price of the product can decrease, and the profit margin can increase. Additionally, it is ensured that the energy produced based on fossil fuels is used in a controlled way. In the present study, the analysis of energy and exergy has been performed for the production reactor unit of the Boric Acid from Colemanite. The first law of thermodynamics and ChemCAD simulation program was used for energy analysis calculations, and the calculations of exergy analysis were carried out by using the second law of thermodynamics. The total energy loss of the reactor unit and the calculated energy loss per 100 kcal input steam were calculated as 110880 kcal/h and 3.724%, and the losses of total exergy in the reactor units and the losses of exergy calculated per 100 kcal input steam were calculated as 225058.86 kcal/h and 30.095%, respectively. Exergy efficiency for the reactor unit has been determined as 3.3 %. Some suggestions were given for the reactor units of boric acid production plants to minimize system losses.

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 404
Yuping Li ◽  
Maolin Ye ◽  
Fenghua Tan ◽  
Chenguang Wang ◽  
Jinxing Long

Thermodynamic performance of three conceptual systems for biomass-derived olefin production with electricity cogeneration was studied and compared via exergy analysis at the levels of system, subsystem and operation unit. The base case was composed of the subsystems of gasification, raw fuel gas adjustment, methanol/light olefin synthesis and steam & power generation, etc. The power case and fuel case were designed as the combustion of a fraction of gasification gas to increase power generation and the recycle of a fraction of synthesis tail gas to increase olefin production, respectively. It was found that the subsystems of gasification and steam & power generation contribute ca. 80% of overall exergy destruction for each case, of which gasifier and combustor are the main exergy destruction sources, due to the corresponding chemical exergy degrading of biomass and fuel gas. The low efficiency of 33.1% for the power case could be attributed to the significant irreversibility of the combustor, economizer, and condenser in the combined-cycle subsystem. The effect of the tail gas recycle ratio, moisture content of feedstock, and biomass type was also investigated to enhance system exergy performance, which could be achieved by high recycle ratio, using dry biomass and the feedstock with high carbon content. High system efficiency of 38.9% was obtained when oil palm shell was used, which was 31.7% for rice husk due to its low carbon content.

2022 ◽  
Yuan Zhao ◽  
Bowen Du ◽  
Shunyi Chen ◽  
Jun Zhao ◽  
Lingbao Wang

Abstract Due to deep utilization of geobrine and high net power output, binary flashing cycle (BFC) is deemed to be the future geothermal energy power generation technology. The BFC using R245/R600a zeotropic mixtures is presented in this paper. The thermodynamic model of the system is built, and energy, conventional and advanced exergy analysis are carried out, to reveal the real optimization potential. It is demonstrated that the optimal composition mass fraction of R245fa and dryness of working fluid at the evaporator outlet ranges are 0.30~0.50 and 0.40~0.60, considering the thermodynamic performance and the flammability of the mixtures, simultaneously. Conventional exergy analysis indicates that the maximum exergy destruction occurs in condenser, followed by expander, evaporator, flashing tank, preheater, high-pressure pump and low-pressure pump. While the advanced exergy analysis reveals that the expander should be given the first priority for optimization, followed by condenser and evaporator. The BFC has a large potential for improvement due to higher avoidable exergy destruction, about 48.6% of the total system exergy destruction can be reduced. And the interconnections among system components are not very strong, owing to small exogenous exergy destructions. It also demonstrates the effectiveness of advanced exergy analysis, and the approach can be extended to other energy conversion systems to maximize the energy and exergy savings for sustainable development.

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