digital twins
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2022 ◽  
Vol 136 ◽  
pp. 103586
Jonas Friederich ◽  
Deena P. Francis ◽  
Sanja Lazarova-Molnar ◽  
Nader Mohamed

Desalination ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 525 ◽  
pp. 115482
Boyue Lian ◽  
Yunyi Zhu ◽  
Dominic Branchaud ◽  
Yuan Wang ◽  
Clare Bales ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 38 (2) ◽  
Jiaying Zhang ◽  
Jack C. P. Cheng ◽  
Weiwei Chen ◽  
Keyu Chen

2022 ◽  
Vol 134 ◽  
pp. 104081
Feng Jiang ◽  
Ling Ma ◽  
Tim Broyd ◽  
Weiya Chen ◽  
Hanbin Luo

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 678
Patryk Chaber ◽  
Paweł D. Domański ◽  
Daniel Dąbrowski ◽  
Maciej Ławryńczuk ◽  
Robert Nebeluk ◽  

The digital twins technology delivers a new degree of freedom into system implementation and maintenance practice. Using this approach, a technological system can be efficiently modeled and simulated. Furthermore, such a twin offline system can be efficiently used to investigate real system issues and improvement opportunities, e.g., improvement of the existing control system or development of a new one. This work describes the development of a control system using the digital twins methodology for a gas system delivering a specific mixture of gases to the time-of-flight (ToF) multipurpose detector (MPD) used during high-energy physics experiments in the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Dubna, Russia). The gas system digital twin was built using a test stand and further extended into target full-scale installation planned to be built in the near future. Therefore, conducted simulations are used to validate the existing system and to allow validation of the planned new system. Moreover, the gas system digital twin enables testing of new control opportunities, improving the operation of the target gas system.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 870
George Tsinarakis ◽  
Nikolaos Sarantinoudis ◽  
George Arampatzis

A generic well-defined methodology for the construction and operation of dynamic process models of discrete industrial systems following a number of well-defined steps is introduced. The sequence of steps for the application of the method as well as the necessary inputs, conditions, constraints and the results obtained are defined. The proposed methodology covers the classical offline modelling and simulation applications as well as their online counterpart, which use the physical system in the context of digital twins, with extensive data exchange and interaction with sensors, actuators and tools from other scientific fields as analytics and optimisation. The implemented process models can be used for what-if analysis, comparative evaluation of alternative scenarios and for the calculation of key performance indicators describing the behaviour of the physical systems under given conditions as well as for online monitoring, management and adjustment of the physical industrial system operations with respect to given rules and targets. An application of the proposed methodology in a discrete industrial system is presented, and interesting conclusions arise and are discussed. Finally, the open issues, limitations and future extensions of the research are considered.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Radhya Sahal ◽  
Saeed H. Alsamhi ◽  
Kenneth N. Brown ◽  
Donna O’Shea ◽  
Bader Alouffi

Emerging technologies such as digital twins, blockchain, Internet of Things (IoT), and Artificial Intelligence (AI) play a vital role in driving the industrial revolution in all domains, including the healthcare sector. As a result of COVID-19 pandemic outbreak, there is a significant need for medical cyber-physical systems to adopt these emerging technologies to combat COVID-19 paramedic crisis. Also, acquiring secure real-time data exchange and analysis across multiple participants is essential to support the efforts against COVID-19. Therefore, we have introduced a blockchain-based collaborative digital twins framework for decentralized epidemic alerting to combat COVID-19 and any future pandemics. The framework has been proposed to bring together the existing advanced technologies (i.e., blockchain, digital twins, and AI) and then provide a solution to decentralize epidemic alerting to combat COVID-19 outbreaks. Also, we have described how the conceptual framework can be applied in the decentralized COVID-19 pandemic alerting use case.

2022 ◽  
Wenxue Ran ◽  
Yimin Hu ◽  
Yang Zhi

Abstract By enabling the merging of the virtual and real worlds, DT (Digital Twin) technology has considerably aided the development of businesses at both levels of digitization and networking in recent years. As an outcome, industrial research has shifted its attention to this new technology in the manufacturing business. However, there are still technical issues with DT technology, such as real-time data interaction, high integration of constituent elements, and high simulation. This paper proposes to solve these issues by presenting a framework that blends DT with 3D visualization technologies. A case study of an intelligent logistics management 3D scheduling system for a factory in Shandong verifies the applicability of digital twins to flexible production management. The example demonstrates that the framework can be synchronizing the virtual and real systems. Moreover, the framework can effectively cover the whole manufacturing life cycle, enhance production efficiency and product quality, and achieve flexible production management, helping the manufacturing industry's digital and intelligent transition.

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