neck squamous cell carcinoma
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-18
Ahmed Abdel Khalek Abdel Razek ◽  
Nermeen A. Elsebaie ◽  
Omneya A. Gamaleldin ◽  
Amro AbdelKhalek ◽  
Suresh K. Mukherji

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Ruoyan Cao ◽  
Lin Cui ◽  
Jiayu Zhang ◽  
Xianyue Ren ◽  
Bin Cheng ◽  

Abstract Background Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a critical role in innate and adaptive immune responses. Thus, we aimed to identify ideal subtypes for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) based on immune-related lncRNAs. Methods TCGA HNSCC cohort was divided into two datasets (training and validation dataset), and 960 previously characterized immune-related lncRNAs were extracted for non-negative matrix factorization analysis. We characterized our HNSCC subtypes based on biological behaviors, immune landscape and response to immunotherapy in both training and validation cohort. A lncRNA-signature was generated to predict our HNSCC subtypes, and essential lncRNAs involved in tumor microenvironment (TME) were identified. Results We developed and validated two HNSCC subtypes (C1 and C2) based on the 70 lncRNAs in the training and validation cohort. C2 subtype displayed good prognosis, high immune cell infiltration, immune-related genes expression and sensitivity to PD-1 blockade. C1 subtype was associated with high activity of mTORC1 signaling and glycolysis as well as high fraction of inactive immune cells. Finally, we generated a 31-lncRNA signature that could predict our above subtypes with high accurate. Additionally, TRG-AS1 was identified as the essential lncRNA involving TME formation. Knockdown of TRG-AS1 inhibited the expression of HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, CXCL9, CXCL10 and CXCL11. High expression of TRG-AS1 indicated a favorable prognosis in HNSCC and anti-PD-L1 cohort (IMvigor210). Conclusions Our study establishes a novel HNSCC classification on the basis of 31-lncRNA, helping to identify beneficiaries for anti-PD-1 treatment. In addition, a critical lncRNA TRG-AS1 is identified as a new potential prognosis biomarker as well as therapeutic target.

2022 ◽  
hamid abbaszadeh ◽  
Mahdieh Rajabi-Moghaddam

Abstract Advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is treated with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy or a combination of these treatments. Variations in toxicity and response to therapy are observed among patients despite similar clinicopathologic characteristics which are attributed to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The aim of this review was to evaluate the impact of SNPs on toxicity and response to therapy in HNSCCs. A web-based search of all original articles about the impact of gene polymorphisms on toxicity and response to therapy in HNSCCs was done until September 2021 using international English language databases including Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed and Web of science. Findings were categorized by type of treatment (radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or combination therapy). In each category, studies related to growth control genes, cell proliferation, apoptosis, DNA repair genes, antioxidant and drug detoxification genes, genes of drug metabolizing enzymes, tissue remodeling genes and genes of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity were discussed separately. Among studied SNPs with probable impact on toxicity and response to therapy are XRCC1, XRCC3, RAD51, Ku70, NBN, CAT, GSTP1, GSTT1, GSTM1, XPD, XPC, ERCC1, MMP3, ACSL6, EXO1, CXP2D6, FcγRIIIa, AurkA, and EGFR. Understanding gene polymorphisms will help us move toward personalized medicine and determine which patients will actually benefit from therapies for HNSCCs. By examining the SNPs, it is possible to make predictions about the patient's response to treatment or development of toxicity after treatment, and if necessary, make changes in the patient's treatment regimen.

2022 ◽  
Martine Froukje van der Kamp ◽  
Gyorgy Bela Halmos ◽  
Victor Guryev ◽  
Peter Laszlo Horvatovich ◽  
Ed Schuuring ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Yamin Zhang ◽  
Xiayan Luo ◽  
Jing Yu ◽  
Kejia Qian ◽  
Huiyong Zhu

Head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is characterized by a high frequency of neck lymph node metastasis (LNM), a key prognostic factor. Therefore, identifying the biological processes during LNM of HNSCC has significant clinical implications for risk stratification. This study performed Gene Ontology enrichment analysis of differentially expressed genes between tumors with LNM and those without LNM and identified the involvement of immune response in the lymphatic metastasis of HNSCC. We further identified greater infiltrations of CD8+ T cells in tumors than in adjacent normal tissues through immunochemistry in the patient cohort (n = 62), indicating the involvement of CD8+ T cells in the antitumor immunity. Hierarchical clustering analysis was conducted to initially identify the candidate genes relevant to lymphocyte-mediated antitumor response. The candidate genes were applied to construct a LASSO Cox regression analysis model. Three genes were eventually screened out as progression‐related differentially expressed candidates in HNSCC and a risk scoring system was established based on LASSO Cox regression model to predict the outcome in patients with HNSCC. The score was calculated using the formula: 0.0636 × CXCL11 − 0.4619 × CXCR3 + 0.2398 × CCR5. Patients with high scores had significantly worse overall survival than those with low scores (p < 0.001). The risk score showed good performance in characterizing tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and provided a theoretical basis for stratifying patients receiving immune therapies. Additionally, a nomogram including the risk score, age, and TNM stage was constructed. The prediction model displayed marginally better discrimination ability and higher agreement in predicting the survival of patients with HNSCC compared with the TNM stage.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 775
Verena Boschert ◽  
Jonas Teusch ◽  
Urs D. A. Müller-Richter ◽  
Roman C. Brands ◽  
Stefan Hartmann

The enzyme pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) plays a major role in the switch of tumor cells from oxidative phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis, one of the hallmarks of cancer. Different allosteric inhibitors or activators and several posttranslational modifications regulate its activity. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a common disease with a high rate of recurrence. To find out more about PKM2 and its modulation in HNSCC, we examined a panel of HNSCC cells using real-time cell metabolic analysis and Western blotting with an emphasis on phosphorylation variant Tyr105 and two reagents known to impair PKM2 activity. Our results show that in HNSCC, PKM2 is commonly phosphorylated at Tyrosine 105. Its levels depended on tyrosine kinase activity, emphasizing the importance of growth factors such as EGF (epidermal growth factor) on HNSCC metabolism. Furthermore, its correlation with the expression of CD44 indicates a role in cancer stemness. Cells generally reacted with higher glycolysis to PKM2 activator DASA-58 and lower glycolysis to PKM2 inhibitor Compound 3k, but some were more susceptible to activation and others to inhibition. Our findings emphasize the need to further investigate the role of PKM2 in HNSCC, as it could aid understanding and treatment of the disease.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Laura Deborah Locati ◽  
Mara Serena Serafini ◽  
Andrea Carenzo ◽  
Silvana Canevari ◽  
Federica Perrone ◽  

In an immune-competent context nivolumab showed long-term benefit in overall survival in recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC); however, in special cancer population such as these patients with immunodeficiency and viral infections, data on checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) activity are scant. Herein, we report a patient with a Human papilloma virus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) and CD4 lymphocytopenia. After a first-line treatment complete remission, the patient experienced Human Polyomavirus (JCV) infection in the brain. Consequently, to the recovery from progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) the patient metastasized and was enrolled in a single-arm trial with nivolumab (EudraCT number: 2017-000562-30). A complete and durable response (more 3 years) was observed after 10 nivolumab injections Q2wks, interrupted for persistent drug related G2 diarrhea and a syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. We describe the circulating immune profile (before-, during-, and after nivolumab), consistent with the clinical history. Moreover, during nivolumab treatment, brain MRI evidenced the presence of small punctuate areas of contrast enhancement, reflecting a mild immune response in perivascular spaces. By cytofluorimetry, we observed that during JCV infection the CD4/CD8 ratio of the patient was under the normal values. After JCV infection recovery and before nivolumab treatment, CD4/CD8 ratio reached the normality threshold, even if the CD4+ T cell count remained largely under the normal values. During ICI, gene expression xCell analyses of circulating immune cells of the patient, showed a progressive normalization of the total immune profile, with significant boost in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and a reduction in NK T, comparable to the circulating immune profile of reference tumor-free HNSCC patients. The present case supports the activity of ICI in a population of special cancer patients; whether JCV and HPV infections (alone or together) might have a possible role as immune booster(s), require further investigations.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document