The rs6942067 genotype is associated with a worse overall survival in young or non-smoking HPV-negative patients with positive nodal status in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Oral Oncology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 125 ◽  
pp. 105696
Guillaume B. Cardin ◽  
Monique Bernard ◽  
Jessica Bourbonnais ◽  
Houda Bahig ◽  
Phuc Félix Nguyen-Tan ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 ◽  
Yang Yang ◽  
Jaeil Ahn ◽  
Rekha Raghunathan ◽  
Bhaskar V. Kallakury ◽  
Bruce Davidson ◽  

Sulfation of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) regulates signaling of growth factor receptors via specific interactions with the sulfate groups. 6-O-Sulfation of HSPG is an impactful modification regulated by the activities of dedicated extracellular endosulfatases. Specifically, extracellular sulfatase Sulf-2 (SULF2) removes 6-O-sulfate from HS chains, modulates affinity of carrier HSPG to their ligands, and thereby influences activity of the downstream signaling pathway. In this study, we explored the effect of SULF2 expression on HSPG sulfation and its relationship to clinical outcomes of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). We found a significant overexpression of SULF2 in HNSCC tumor tissues which differs by tumor location and etiology. Expression of SULF2 mRNA in tumors associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection was two-fold lower than in tumors associated with a history of tobacco and alcohol consumption. High SULF2 mRNA expression is significantly correlated with poor progression-free interval and overall survival of patients (n = 499). Among all HS-related enzymes, SULF2 expression had the highest hazard ratio in overall survival after adjusting for clinical characteristics. SULF2 protein expression (n = 124), determined by immunohistochemical analysis, showed a similar trend. The content of 6-O-sulfated HSPG, measured by staining with the HS3A8 antibody, was higher in adjacent mucosa compared to tumor tissue but revealed no difference based on SULF2 staining. LC-MS/MS analysis showed low abundance of N-sulfation and O-sulfation in HS but no significant difference between SULF2-positive and SULF2-negative tumors. Levels of enzymes modifying 6-O-sulfation, measured by RT-qPCR in HNSCC tumor tissues, suggest that HSPG sulfation is carried out by the co-regulated activities of multiple genes. Imbalance of the HS modifying enzymes in HNSCC tumors modifies the overall sulfation pattern, but the alteration of 6-O-sulfate is likely non-uniform and occurs in specific domains of the HS chains. These findings demonstrate that SULF2 expression correlates with survival of HNSCC patients and could potentially serve as a prognostic factor or target of therapeutic interventions.

2020 ◽  
Vol 38 (15_suppl) ◽  
pp. e18512-e18512
Bruna Bighetti ◽  
José Tristão Neto ◽  
Renata do Socorro Monteiro Pereira ◽  
Ilka Lopes Santoro ◽  

e18512 Background: Cisplatin-based chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is a well-established regimen used for adjuvant and/or head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) radical treatment. The most classic protocol for chemoradiotherapy remains the administration of Cisplatin 100mg/m² EV D1 q3-week period, 3 cycles. The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy and tolerability of the weekly 40mg/m² cisplatin regimen. Methods: we conducted a retrospective study from 2007-2020 with 102 patients treated at a national reference institution. All of them with HNSCC received concurrent CRT with weekly cisplatin 40mg/m² EV D1. We analyzed the overall survival (OS), local recurrence and tolerability in this scheme. Results: The median cisplatin cumulative dose received by our patients was 240mg/m². Hence, we divided them in two groups for the analysis: Group A (41 patients) received less than 240mg/m² cisplatin total dose and Group B (61 patients) received more or equal 240mg/m² cisplatin total dose. Both groups were equally balanced between sex, clinic stage, histologic grade and clinic status. We found that the Group A experienced 5 deaths (12.2%) while the Group B experienced 6 deaths (9.8%). The mean time to recurrence disease in the Group A was 45.68 months and in Group B 60.22 months (p = 0.958). The estimated overall survival in the Group A was 150 months and in the Group B was 116.4 months (p = 0.443). Conclusions: The weekly cisplatin dose regimen showed to be feasible, more tolerable, and less toxic and with no difference in terms of OS then the classic 3-week cisplatin protocol in the CRT setting. Our group suggests that the 240mg/m² cumulative cisplatin weekly schedule should be a better option for CRT treatments then the classic cisplatin regimen. A phase III clinical trial is warranted to further understanding of this framework. Key-words: head and neck cancer, cisplatin, radiotherapy

PeerJ ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. e9862
Hui-Ching Wang ◽  
Pei-Lin Liu ◽  
Pei-Chuan Lo ◽  
Yi-Tzu Chang ◽  
Leong-Perng Chan ◽  

Background This study aimed to analyze the clinical outcomes associated with patients with recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (RM HNSCC) who received cetuximab-based chemotherapy in a real-world clinical setting. Methods Clinical data were extracted from RM HNSCC patients diagnosed between 2016 and 2019. Kaplan–Meier survival estimates and Cox proportional hazards model were used for survival analyses. Results Of 106 RM HNSCC patients (mean age = 55.1 years), 38.7% exhibited recurrent disease and 61.3% had metastatic disease. The majority of patients showed a habit of addictive substance use, including alcohol (67.0%), betel nuts (71.7%), or tobacco (74.5%). The primary tumor sites included the oral cavity (64.1%), hypopharynx (19.8%), and oropharynx (16.0%). The median number of cetuximab cycles for the 106 patients was 11 (2–24). The disease control rate (DCR) was 48.1%, and the overall response rate (ORR) was 28.3%. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 5.0 and 9.23 months, respectively. Patients treated with more than 11 cycles of cetuximab exhibited a longer median PFS and median OS than did patients treated with less than 11 cycles (median PFS: 7.0 vs. 3.0 months, p < 0.001; OS: 12.43 vs. 4.46 months, p = 0.001). Patients without previous concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) had a better median PFS than did those with previous CRT (6.0 vs. 4.0 months, p = 0.046). Multivariable analysis revealed that perineural invasion and fewer cycles of cetuximab (<11 cycles) were independent risk factors associated with disease progression. In addition, the reduction in treatment cycles of cetuximab and advanced lymph node metastasis were independent prognostic factors predicting poorer overall survival. Conclusion Our study provides important real-world data regarding cetuximab-containing treatment in RM HNSCC. Consistent administration of cetuximab could be associated with more favorable outcomes in RM HNSCC in endemic carcinogen exposure areas.

2019 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
Boxin Zhang ◽  
Haihui Wang ◽  
Ziyan Guo ◽  
Xinhai Zhang

Abstract Background Transcription factors (TFs) are responsible for the regulation of various activities related to cancer like cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. It is thought that, the measurement of TFs levels could assist in developing strategies for diagnosis and prognosis of cancer detection. However, due to lack of effective genome-wide tests, this cannot be carried out in clinical settings. Methods A complete assessment of RNA-seq data in samples of a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cohort in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was carried out. From the expression data of six TFs, a risk score model was developed and further validated in the GSE41613 and GSE65858 series. Potential functional roles were identified for the six TFs via gene set enrichment analysis. Results Based on our multi-TF signature, patients are stratified into high- and low-risk groups with significant variations in overall survival (OS) (median survival 2.416 vs. 5.934 years, log-rank test P < 0.001). The sensitivity and specificity evaluation of our multi-TF for 3-year OS in TCGA, GSE41613 and GSE65858 was 0.707, 0.679 and 0.605, respectively, demonstrating good reproducibility and robustness for predicting overall survival of HNSCC patients. Through multivariate Cox regression analyses (MCRA) and stratified analyses, we confirmed that the predictive capability of this risk score (RS) was not dependent on any of other factors like clinicopathological parameters. Conclusions With the help of a RS obtained from a panel of TFs expression signatures, effective OS prediction and stratification of HNSCC patients can be carried out.

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