2d materials
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10.1142/12066 ◽  
2022 ◽  
Kuan Eng Johnson Goh ◽  
Calvin Pei Yu Wong ◽  
Tong Wang

2022 ◽  
Vol 453 ◽  
pp. 214335
Pratik V. Shinde ◽  
Anjana Tripathi ◽  
Ranjit Thapa ◽  
Chandra Sekhar Rout

2022 ◽  
Vol 423 ◽  
pp. 127148
Hsu-Sheng Tsai ◽  
You Wang ◽  
Chaoming Liu ◽  
Tianqi Wang ◽  
Mingxue Huo

2022 ◽  
Yaniv Kurman ◽  
Raphael Dahan ◽  
Hanan Herzig Sheinfux ◽  
Gilles Rosolen ◽  
Eli Janzen ◽  

Abstract Optical vortices in planar geometries are a universal wave phenomenon, where electromagnetic waves possess topologically protected integer values of orbital angular momentum (OAM). The conservation of OAM governs their dynamics, including their rules of creation and annihilation. However, such dynamics remained so far beyond experimental reach. Here, we present a first observation of creation and annihilation of optical vortex pairs. The vortices conserve their combined OAM during pair creation/annihilation events and determine the field profile throughout their motion between these events. We utilize free electrons in an ultrafast transmission electron microscope to probe the vortices, which appear in the form of phonon polaritons in the 2D material hexagonal boron nitride. These results provide the first observation of optical vortices in any 2D material, which were predicted but never observed. Our findings promote future investigation of vortices in 2D materials and their use for chiral plasmonics, toward the control of selection rules in light-matter interactions and the creation of optical simulators of phase transitions in condensed matter physics.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Yichen Jin ◽  
Mouhui Yan ◽  
Tomislav Kremer ◽  
Elena Voloshina ◽  
Yuriy Dedkov

AbstractA broad family of the nowadays studied low-dimensional systems, including 2D materials, demonstrate many fascinating properties, which however depend on the atomic composition as well as on the system dimensionality. Therefore, the studies of the electronic correlation effects in the new 2D materials is of paramount importance for the understanding of their transport, optical and catalytic properties. Here, by means of electron spectroscopy methods in combination with density functional theory calculations we investigate the electronic structure of a new layered van der Waals $$\hbox {FePX}_3$$ FePX 3 (X: S, Se) materials. Using systematic resonant photoelectron spectroscopy studies we observed strong resonant behavior for the peaks associated with the $$3d^{n-1}$$ 3 d n - 1 final state at low binding energies for these materials. Such observations clearly assign $$\hbox {FePX}_3$$ FePX 3 to the class of Mott–Hubbard type insulators for which the top of the valence band is formed by the hybrid Fe-S/Se electronic states. These observations are important for the deep understanding of this new class of materials and draw perspectives for their further applications in different application areas, like (opto)spintronics and catalysis.

2022 ◽  
Vol 131 (2) ◽  
pp. 024304
Tara Peña ◽  
Ahmad Azizimanesh ◽  
Liangyu Qiu ◽  
Arunabh Mukherjee ◽  
A. Nick Vamivakas ◽  

2022 ◽  
Xuewen Zheng ◽  
Haifeng Cong ◽  
Ting Yang ◽  
Kemeng Ji ◽  
Chengyang Wang ◽  

Abstract Two-dimensional (2D) materials with mono or few layers have wide application prospects, including electronic, optoelectronic, and interface functional coatings in addition to energy conversion and storage applications. However, the exfoliation of such materials is still challenging due to their low yield, high cost, and poor ecological safety in preparation. Herein, a safe and efficient solid suspension-improving method was proposed to exfoliate hexagonal boron nitride nanosheets (hBNNSs) in a large yield. The method entails adding a permeation barrier layer in the solvothermal kettle, thus prolonging the contact time between the solvent and hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) nanosheetand improving the stripping efficiency without the need for mechanical agitation. In addition, the proposed method selectively utilizes a matching solvent that can reduce the stripping energy of the material and employs a high-temperature steam shearing process. Compared with other methods, the exfoliating yield of hBNNSs is up to 42.3% at 150°C for 12 h, and the strategy is applicable to other 2D materials. In application, the ionic conductivity of a PEO/hBNNSs composite electrolytes reached 2.18×10−4 S cm−1 at 60°C. Overall, a versatile and effective method for stripping 2D materials in addition to a new safe energy management strategy were provided.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
Po-Han Chang ◽  
Charles Lin ◽  
Amr S. Helmy

AbstractOptical devices capable of suppressing diffraction nature of light are of great technological importance to many nanophotonic applications. One important technique to achieve diffractionless optics is to exploit field canalization effect. However, current technological platforms based on metamaterial structures typically suffer from strict loss-confinement trade-off, or lack dynamic reconfigurability over device operations. Here we report an integrated canalization platform that can alleviate this performance trade-off. It is found that by leveraging material absorption of anisotropic 2D materials, the dispersion of this class of materials can flatten without increasing propagation losses and compromising confinement. The realization of such plasmon canalization can be considered using black phosphorus (BP), where topological transition from elliptic to hyperbolic curves can be induced by dynamically leveraging material absorption of BP. At the transition point, BP film can support long range, deeply subwavelength, near-diffractionless field propagation, exhibiting diffraction angle of 5.5°, propagation distance of 10λspp, and λspp < λ0/300.

Mikko Turunen ◽  
Mauro Brotons-Gisbert ◽  
Yunyun Dai ◽  
Yadong Wang ◽  
Eleanor Scerri ◽  

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