portosystemic shunt
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Sihang Cheng ◽  
Xiang Yu ◽  
Xinyue Chen ◽  
Zhengyu Jin ◽  
Huadan Xue ◽  

Objective: To develop and evaluate a machine learning-based CT radiomics model for the prediction of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). Methods: A total of 106 patients who underwent TIPS placement were consecutively enrolled in this retrospective study. Region of interests (ROIs) were drawn on unenhanced, arterial phase, and portal venous Phase CT images, and radiomics features were extracted, respectively. A radiomics model was established to predict the occurrence of HE after TIPS by using random forest algorithm and ten-fold cross-validation. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were performed to validate the capability of the radiomics model and clinical model on the training, test and original datasets, respectively. Results: The radiomics model showed favorable discriminatory ability in the training cohort with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.899 (95% CI, 0.848 to 0.951), while in the test cohort, it was confirmed with an AUC of 0.887 (95% CI, 0.760 to 1.00). After applying this model to original dataset, it had an AUC of 0.955 (95% CI, 0.896 to 1.00). A clinical model was also built with an AUC of 0.649 (95% CI, 0.530 to 0.767) in the original dataset, and a Delong test demonstrated its relative lower efficiency when compared with the radiomics model (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Machine learning-based CT radiomics model performed better than traditional clinical parameter-based models in the prediction of post-TIPS HE. Advances in knowledge: Radiomics model for the prediction of post-TIPS HE was built based on feature extraction from routine acquired preoperative CT images and feature selection by random forest algorithm, which showed satisfied performance and proved the advantages of machine learning in this field.

T. C. Meine ◽  
L. S. Becker ◽  
C. L. A. Dewald ◽  
S. K. Maschke ◽  
B. Maasoumy ◽  

Abstract Purpose To assess the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of portal vein recanalization (PVR)–transjugular portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement via splenic access using a balloon puncture technique. Materials and Methods In a single-center retrospective study from March 2017 to February 2021, 14 consecutive patients with portal hypertension, chronic liver disease and portal vein occlusion or near-complete (> 95%) occlusion were referred for PVR–TIPS placement. Feasibility, safety and effectiveness including procedural characteristics such as technical success, complication profile and splenic access time (SAT), balloon positioning time (BPT), conventional portal vein entry time (CPVET), overall procedure time (OPT), fluoroscopy time (FT), dose–area product (DAP) and air kerma (AK) were evaluated. Results Transsplenic PVR–TIPS using balloon puncture technique was technically feasible in 12 of 14 patients (8 men, 49 ± 13 years). In two patients without detectable intrahepatic portal vein branches, TIPS placement was not feasible and both patients were referred for further treatment with nonselective beta blockers and endoscopic variceal ligation. No complications grade > 3 of the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe classification system occurred. The SAT was 25 ± 21 min, CPVET was 33 ± 26 min, the OPT was 158 ± 54 min, the FT was 42 ± 22 min, the DAP was 167.84 ± 129.23 Gy*cm2 and the AK was 1150.70 ± 910.73 mGy. Conclusions Transsplenic PVR–TIPS using a balloon puncture technique is feasible and appears to be safe in our series of patients with obliteration of the portal vein. It expands the interventional options in patients with chronic PVT.

Barry Schlansky ◽  
Khashayar Farsad

AbstractSarcopenia is a major sequela of cirrhosis, contributing to significant morbidity and mortality. Advances in body composition analysis using medical imaging have begun to identify changes in skeletal muscle and fat that are prognostic of the impact of sarcopenia on medical outcomes in cirrhosis and other pathologies. Recently, observational studies have shown a correlation between transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation and a reversal of the progressive muscle loss in cirrhosis. This reversal is also associated with improved clinical outcomes and survival. This review summarizes current understanding of cirrhotic sarcopenia, and discusses the implications of TIPS creation in reversing this process.

Benjamin J. McCafferty ◽  
Husamedin El Khudari ◽  
Aliaksei Salei ◽  
Andrew J. Gunn

AbstractVariceal hemorrhage is a morbid condition that frequently mandates the involvement of interventional radiology to achieve successful and sustained hemostasis. Primary image-guided therapies for variceal hemorrhage include a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and transvenous obliteration. Knowledge of variceal pathophysiology and anatomy, current techniques, and the evidence supporting therapeutic selection is paramount to successful patient outcomes. The purpose of this review is to provide the reader a framework of the available literature on image-guided management of bleeding varices to assist in clinical management.

Zhenkang Qiu ◽  
Wenliang Zhu ◽  
Huzheng Yan ◽  
Guobao Wang ◽  
Mengxuan Zuo ◽  

Abstract Purpose To compare the safety and efficacy of left versus right internal jugular vein access for portal vein puncture during transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation in patients with a small liver and short vertical puncture distance. Materials and Methods The vertical distance from the hepatic vein orifice to the puncture point of the portal vein was measured by CT and DSA. A distance ≤ 30 mm is defined as a short vertical puncture distance. After 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM), 29 patients of left internal jugular vein-TIPS (LIJ-TIPS) and 29 patients of right internal jugular vein-TIPS (RIJ-TIPS) were included. The number of needle punctures, fluoroscopy time, and radiation dose during the puncture process were statistically analyzed. Results There was no significant difference in the average vertical puncture distances on CT or DSA between LIJ-TIPS and RIJ-TIPS (19.10 ± 0.60 mm vs. 19.30 ± 0.60 mm, P = 0.840; 22.02 ± 0.69 mm vs. 22.23 ± 0.64 mm, P = 0.822, respectively). The average number of needle punctures, fluoroscopy time, and radiation dose in LIJ-TIPS were significantly lower than those in RIJ-TIPS (2.07 ± 0.20 vs. 4.10 ± 0.24, P < 0.001; 78.45 ± 12.80 s vs. 201.16 ± 23.71 s, P < 0.001; 31.55 ± 7.04 mGy vs. 136.69 ± 16.38 mGy, P < 0.001, respectively). Within three punctures, the technical success rate in LIJ-TIPS was significantly higher than that in RIJ-TIPS (86.2 vs. 27.6%, P < 0.001). The incidence of hemoperitoneum in LIJ-TIPS was significantly lower than that in RIJ-TIPS (0% vs. 13.8%, P = 0.038). Conclusion The left internal jugular vein could be used as primary access for TIPS creation in patients with a small liver and short vertical puncture distance.

Wei-Xiong Lim ◽  
An-Ni Lin ◽  
Yu-Fan Cheng ◽  
Sieh-Yang Lee ◽  
Hsien-Wen Hsu ◽  

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