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2022 ◽  
Vol 23 ◽  
pp. 100716
J. Gao ◽  
H.-M. Yu ◽  
M. Wu ◽  
Q. Chen ◽  
Y. Yang ◽  

Roberto Luigi Cazzato ◽  
Jack W. Jennings ◽  
Pierre-Alexis Autrusseau ◽  
Pierre De Marini ◽  
Pierre Auloge ◽  

2022 ◽  
Asad Ali Usman ◽  
Samantha Stein ◽  
Audrey Spelde ◽  
Felipe Teran-merino ◽  
John Augoustides ◽  

Abstract This trial is aimed at studying the utility and interventional outcomes of rescue transesophageal echocardiography (RescueTEE) to aid in diagnosis, change in management, and outcomes during CPR by using a point of care RescueTEE protocol in the evaluation of in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA). This is an interventional prospective convenience sampled partially blinded phase II clinical trial with primary outcomes of survival to hospital discharge (SHD) with RescueTEE image guided ACLS versus conventional ACLS.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 368
Wojciech Polom ◽  
Marcin Migaczewski ◽  
Jaroslaw Skokowski ◽  
Maciej Swierblewski ◽  
Tomasz Cwalinski ◽  

Introduction: Image-guided surgery is becoming a new tool in colorectal surgery. Intraoperative visualisation of different structures using fluorophores helps during various steps of operations. In our report, we used two fluorophores—indocyanine green (ICG), and methylene blue (MB)—during different steps of colorectal surgery, using one camera system for two separate near-infrared wavelengths. Material and methods: Twelve patients who underwent complex open or laparoscopic colorectal surgeries were enrolled. Intravenous injections of MB and ICG at different time points were administered. Visualisation of intraoperative ureter position and fluorescent angiography for optimal anastomosis was performed. A retrospective analysis of patients treated in our departments during 2020 was performed, and data about ureter injury and anastomotic site complications were collected. Results: Intraoperative localisation of ureters with MB under fluorescent light was possible in 11 patients. The mean signal-to-background ratio was 1.58 ± 0.71. Fluorescent angiography before performing anastomosis using ICG was successful in all 12 patients, and none required a change in position of the planned colon resection for anastomosis. The median signal-to-background ratios was 1.25 (IQR: 1.22–1.89). Across both centres, iatrogenic injury of the ureter was found in 0.4% of cases, and complications associated with anastomosis was found in 5.5% of cases. Conclusions: Our study showed a substantial opportunity for using two different fluorophores in colorectal surgery, whereby the visualisation of one will not change the possible quantification analysis of the other. Using two separate dyes during one procedure may help in optimisation of the fluorescent properties of both dyes when using them for different applications. Visualisation of different structures by different fluorophores seems to be the future of image-guided surgery, and shows progress in optical technologies used in image-guided surgery.

Anurima Patra ◽  
Shyamkumar N. Keshava

AbstractImage-guided Trucut biopsy is a well-established procedure. The length of the side notch in the stylet is the “cutting length,” which entraps the tissue sample and contributes to the yield. The total distance by which the inner stylet protrudes from the outer cannula with the cutting notch open is the “throw length.” It is inevitably longer than the cutting length does not add to the yield of the sample, but potentially to the complication of the procedure. The authors highlight the importance of knowing this distinction to minimize complications during the procedure.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 634
Roland Merten ◽  
Mirko Fischer ◽  
Hans Christiansen ◽  
Kristina I. Ringe ◽  
Rüdiger Klapdor ◽  

Introduction: tumors of the uterine cervix are among the most common carcinomas in women. Intracervical brachytherapy is an indispensable part of curative treatment. Although the tumor is significantly more recognizable in MRI than in CT, the practical application of MRI in brachytherapy planning is still difficult. The present study examines the technical possibilities of merging CT and MRI. Materials and Methods: the treatment files and imaging of all 53 patients who had been irradiated by image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) between January 2019 and August 2021 at the Department of Radiotherapy of the Hannover Medical School were evaluated, retrospectively. Patients were treated first with an external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) combined with simultaneous chemotherapy. After an average of 4.2 weeks, the preparation for IGABT began. The clinical target volume (CTV) for brachytherapy was contoured first in an MRI acquired before starting EBRT (MRI 1) and once more in a second MRI just before starting IGABT (MRI 2). Then, after inserting the intravaginal applicator, a CT-scan was acquired, and the CTV was contoured in the CT. Finally, the recordings of MRI 1, MRI 2, and the CT were merged, and the congruence of CTVs was quantitatively evaluated. Results: the CTV delineated in MRI 2 was, on average, 28% smaller than that in MRI 1 after an average applied radiation dose of 42 Gy. The CTV delineated in the CT covered an average of no more than 80.8% of the CTV delineated in MRI 2. The congruence of CTVs was not superior in patients with a smit sleeve in the cervical channel, with a 3D-volumetric MRI or with a contrast-enhanced sequence for MRI. Conclusion: the anatomical shape and position of the uterus is significantly changed by introducing a vaginal applicator. Despite the superior delimitability of the tumor in MRI, brachytherapy cannot be reliably planned by the image fusion of an MRI without a vaginal applicator.

CCS Chemistry ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 1-35
Yang Li ◽  
Hua Zhu ◽  
Xiaobo Wang ◽  
Yan Cui ◽  
Lijuan Gu ◽  

Benjamin J. McCafferty ◽  
Husamedin El Khudari ◽  
Aliaksei Salei ◽  
Andrew J. Gunn

AbstractVariceal hemorrhage is a morbid condition that frequently mandates the involvement of interventional radiology to achieve successful and sustained hemostasis. Primary image-guided therapies for variceal hemorrhage include a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and transvenous obliteration. Knowledge of variceal pathophysiology and anatomy, current techniques, and the evidence supporting therapeutic selection is paramount to successful patient outcomes. The purpose of this review is to provide the reader a framework of the available literature on image-guided management of bleeding varices to assist in clinical management.

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