Series Study
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2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
J. Chopra ◽  
C. A. Hanlon ◽  
J. Boland ◽  
R. Harrison ◽  
H. Timpson ◽  

Joel Caballero-García ◽  
Elizabeth Bárbara Cuétara Lugo ◽  
Juan Jesús Lence-Anta ◽  
Nélido Gonzáles Fernández ◽  
Adolfo Hidalgo-Gonzáles ◽  

Vaccines ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (10) ◽  
pp. 1073
Lu Xu ◽  
Ning Li ◽  
Liang Zhang ◽  
Rui Ma ◽  
Ting Fang ◽  

Little is known about the risk of febrile seizures (FS) after vaccination with measles-containing vaccines (MCVs) in middle- and low-income countries. This self-controlled case series study aimed to evaluate the risk of FSs in Chinese children using data from the Ningbo Regional Health Information Platform. The observation period was 0–12 and 13–24 months of age for the MR and MMR vaccines, respectively. The relative incidences (RIs) within 0–6 days, 7–13 days, 14–27 days, and 28–42 days after vaccination with MCVs were estimated. The remaining observation period was the control period. The RIs within 0–6 days, 7–13 days, 14–27 days, and 28–42 days after MR vaccination were 1.11 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.33 to 3.70], 0.80 (95% CI 0.23 to 2.86), 1.67 (95% CI 0.81 to 3.42), and 1.02 (95% CI 0.49 to 2.14), respectively. The corresponding RIs after MMR vaccination were 0.99 (95% CI 0.56 to 1.75), 1.17 (95% CI 0.68 to 2.01), 0.87 (95% CI 0.54 to 1.39), and 0.85 (95% CI 0.54 to 1.34), respectively. This study suggests that China’s vaccination schedule for MCVs, as suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO) for countries with a high risk of measles mortality and ongoing transmission, does not increase the risk of FSs.

2021 ◽  
pp. 135406882110452
Juri Mykkänen ◽  
Lars Nord ◽  
Tom Moring

This study tests the explanatory strength of the party-centered theory of electoral campaign professionalism. The theory was previously subject to testing in various types of elections during the first decade of the new millennium, covering Germany, Austria, Sweden, and Finland. Nevertheless, empirical research in this field has been on hold for almost a decade, obstructing the development of the theory during a time when politics and political campaigns have taken new paths. In this article, the theory is revisited, presenting results from a unique time series study covering 48 party campaigns between 2009 and 2019 in three consecutive European parliamentary elections in two multiparty democracies, Sweden and Finland. Our results provide weak support for the party-centered theory of campaign professionalism in the form it was originally operationalized. Only a centralized party organization and a large support base with a catch-all strategy were found to be statistically significant predictors of campaign professionalism.

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