tertiary hospital
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Jennifer White ◽  
Julie Byles ◽  
Tom Walley

Abstract Background Adaptive models of healthcare delivery, such as telehealth consultations, have rapidly been adopted to ensure ongoing delivery of essential healthcare services during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there remain gaps in our understanding of how clinicians have adapted to telehealth. This study aims to explore the telehealth experiences of specialists, based at a tertiary hospital in the Hunter Region, and general practitioners (GP), including barriers, enablers and opportunities. Methods An interpretative qualitative study involving in-depth interviews explored the telehealth experiences of specialists, based at a tertiary hospital in the Hunter Region of Australia, and GPs, including barriers, enablers and opportunities. Data were analysed using an inductive thematic approach with constant comparison. Results Individual interviews were conducted with 10 specialists and five GPs. Key themes were identified: (1) transition to telehealth has been valuable but challenging; (2) persisting telehealth process barriers need to be addressed; (3) establishing when face-to-face consults are essential; (4) changes in workload pressures and potential for double-up; (5) essential modification of work practices; and (6) exploring what is needed going forward. Conclusions While there is a need to rationalize and optimize health access during a pandemic, we suggest that more needs to be done to improve telehealth going forward. Our results have important policy implications. Specifically, there is a need to effectively train clinicians to competently utilize and be confident using this telehealth and to educate patients on necessary skills and etiquette.

Cureus ◽  
2022 ◽  
Assem M Alghamdi ◽  
Saud A Aljadaan ◽  
Saif A Alsemairi ◽  
Moath A Alowairdhi ◽  
Mohammed A Alhussain ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 014556132110685
Chia-Ying Ho ◽  
Shy-Chyi Chin ◽  
Shih-Lung Chen

Objectives Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) developing after deep neck infection (DNI) is a potentially lethal disease of the mediastinum with a mortality rate as high as 40% prior to the 1990s. No standard treatment protocol is available. Here, we present the outcomes of our multidisciplinary approaches for treating DNM originating from a DNI. Methods Between June 2016 and July 2021, there were 390 patients with DNIs admitting to our tertiary hospital. A total 21 patients with DNIs complicated with DNM were enrolled. The multidisciplinary approaches included establishment of airway security, appropriate surgery and antibiotics, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and intensive care unit management. The clinical variables were analyzed. Results Two patients died and 19 survived (mortality 9.5%). The patients who died had a higher mean C-reactive protein (CRP) level than did those who survived (420.0 ± 110.3 vs 221.8 ± 100.6 mg/L) (P = .038). The most common pathogens were Streptococcus constellatus and Streptococcus anginosus. From 2001 to 2021, the average mortality rate of studies enrolling more than 10 patients was 16.1%. Conclusion Multidisciplinary approaches, early comprehensive medical treatment, and co-ordination among departments significantly reduce mortality. Patients with severe inflammation and high CRP levels require intensive and aggressive interventions.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262541
Hohyung Jung ◽  
Ryoung-Eun Ko ◽  
Myeong Gyun Ko ◽  
Kyeongman Jeon

Background Most studies on rapid response system (RRS) have simply focused on its role and effectiveness in reducing in-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCAs) or hospital mortality, regardless of the predictability of IHCA. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of IHCAs including predictability of the IHCAs as our RRS matures for 10 years, to determine the best measure for RRS evaluation. Methods Data on all consecutive adult patients who experienced IHCA and received cardiopulmonary resuscitation in general wards between January 2010 and December 2019 were reviewed. IHCAs were classified into three groups: preventable IHCA (P-IHCA), non-preventable IHCA (NP-IHCA), and inevitable IHCA (I-IHCA). The annual changes of three groups of IHCAs were analyzed with Poisson regression models. Results Of a total of 800 IHCA patients, 149 (18.6%) had P-IHCA, 465 (58.1%) had NP-IHCA, and 186 (23.2%) had I-IHCA. The number of the RRS activations increased significantly from 1,164 in 2010 to 1,560 in 2019 (P = 0.009), and in-hospital mortality rate was significantly decreased from 9.20/1,000 patients in 2010 to 7.23/1000 patients in 2019 (P = 0.009). The trend for the overall IHCA rate was stable, from 0.77/1,000 patients in 2010 to 1.06/1,000 patients in 2019 (P = 0.929). However, while the incidence of NP-IHCA (P = 0.927) and I-IHCA (P = 0.421) was relatively unchanged over time, the incidence of P-IHCA decreased from 0.19/1,000 patients in 2010 to 0.12/1,000 patients in 2019 (P = 0.025). Conclusions The incidence of P-IHCA could be a quality metric to measure the clinical outcomes of RRS implementation and maturation than overall IHCAs.

Khaled Goma ◽  
Saad El Gelany ◽  
Ahmed Fawzy Galal

Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) is the most common complication of surgical procedures in gynecology and it poses a significant burden for both patients and healthcare systems. Our objective was determining the incidence and risk factors for SSI post-gynecological operations during the period of five years.Methods: A matched case-control study at Minia maternity university, Egypt where A total of 18772 cases had undergone different gynecological procedures. The 876 cases were complicated with SSI (SSI cases group) and 2 matched controls per case were chosen from the rest of the cases and served as the control group (n=1752 cases).Results: The overall incidence of SSI post-gynecological operations was 4.67% and post-hysterectomy was 7.57%. SSI group had a significantly higher number of cases with diabetes, obesity, high parity (>4), increased blood loss and those had prolonged duration of surgery compared to the control group (all p<0.01).Conclusions: The identified risk factors are crucial for risk stratification of SSI and prioritizing interventions to improve the outcome. These results could give a picture for SSI post-gynecological operations in our country and identifying these risk factors is crucial for risk stratification of SSI and prioritizing interventions to improve the outcome.

2022 ◽  
pp. 201010582110685
Jonathan Kia-Sheng Phua ◽  
Lionel Tim-Ee Cheng

Introduction Urgent radiological studies obtained during on-call hours are often preliminarily read by on-call residents before consultant radiologists finalise the reports at a later time. Such provisional radiology reports provide important information to guide initial patient management. This study aims to determine discrepancy rates between provisional reports and final interpretations, and to assess the clinical significance of such discrepancies. Methods This retrospective quality assurance project reviewed a total of 1218 cross-sectional imaging studies of the body (thorax, abdomen and pelvis) done between July 2015 and May 2016 during on-call hours. The studies included 1201 Computed tomography (CT) scans and 17 Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans. Studies with incomplete or unavailable reports were excluded. Conclusions of both the provisional and final reports of each study were reviewed for concordance, with reference to the full report if needed. Discrepancies were graded according to the ACR 2016 RADPEER scoring system. Results There were 1210 studies with complete reports. Discrepant reports were noted in 183 (15.1%) studies. Of these, 89 (7.3%) were assessed to be clinically significant and the majority of these (55) were due to interpretations which should be made most of the time. CT of the abdomen and pelvis were the most prone to discrepant reports, accounting for 148 cases (80.9%). Conclusion The majority of preliminary reports for on-call body scans were concordant with final interpretations. The discrepancy rates for provisional body scan reports provided by residents while on call were comparable to those previously reported in literature.

Jihui Chen ◽  
Yu Yang ◽  
Huimin Yao ◽  
Shuhong Bu ◽  
Lixia Li ◽  

ObjectiveCarbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) infections are associated with poor patient outcomes. We aimed to analyze the clinical information of adult patients with CRKP infection in order to establish a nomogram for mortality risk as well as to determine the treatment effectiveness of different antimicrobial regimens.MethodsAdult patients diagnosed with CRKP infection in a tertiary hospital in Shanghai between September 2019 and March 2021 were included. The clinical characteristics and clinical outcomes of these patients were analyzed.ResultsA total of 199 cases of CRKP infection were examined. Five factors, namely age ≥65 years, respiratory failure, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, serum procalcitonin ≥5 ng/mL, and appropriate treatments in 3 days, were found to be associated with 30-day mortality. Upon incorporating these factors, the nomogram achieved good concordance indexes of 0.85 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.80–0.90) and well-fitted calibration curves. Receiver-operating characteristic curves for 7-, 15-, and 30-day survival had areas under the curve of 0.90, 0.87, and 0.88, respectively. Three-drug combination therapy was observed to be associated with lower mortality in the high-risk group (adjusted hazard ratio = 0.24, 95% CI: 0.06–0.99) but not in the low-risk group. Ceftazidime–avibactam, fosfomycin, and amikacin were effective against infections caused by CRKP. Tigecycline improved the treatment efficiency in 7 days, but a trend toward increased mortality was seen (HR, 1.69; 95% CI: 0.98–2.94; P = 0.061).ConclusionThe antimicrobial regimen efficacy data and the predictive nomogram established in this study can help clinicians in identifying high-risk adult patients with CRKP infection, improving the therapeutic effect, and reducing mortality.

Ujjwal Gorsi ◽  
Rishabh Jain ◽  
Akash Bansal ◽  
Naveen Kalra ◽  
Mandeep Kang ◽  

Abstract Objective The purpose of this study was to report short-term outcomes of cryoablation of early-stage renal tumors (T1a and T1b) at a tertiary hospital in India. Methods This was a retrospective study of consecutive patients who underwent cryoablation for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) from November 2018 to June 2020. Cryoablation was performed under combined ultrasound and computed tomography guidance using a helium-argon cryoablation system. Tumor number, size, location, nephrometry score, relationship of the tumor with pelvicalyceal system, and adjacent organs were tabulated, and technical and clinical success evaluated. Early and late recurrence and complications were also assessed. Results Eleven patients (median age: 62 years) with 11 tumors underwent cryoablation. The mean tumor size was 2.58 cm (range: 1.62–5.62 cm) with 10 lesions being T1a and one lesion T1b. Tissue sampling was done in 9/11 patients, 3 were papillary RCC and the rest, clear cell RCC. In two patients, the tumor was completely endophytic, three patients had partially endophytic tumors while 6 patients had exophytic lesions. The median nephrometry score was 6 (range: 4–11, Mode 4). Technical success was achieved in all patients. Complete response was achieved in 81% (9/11) of the patients at 1-month follow-up. Median follow-up period was 6 months. Two patients showed residual disease on follow-up imaging at 1 and 3 months, respectively. Conclusion Cryoablation is a promising, relatively new minimally invasive therapy for treating small renal tumors in India. It is safe, technically feasible, and shows excellent short-term efficacy.

2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Shih-Lung Chen ◽  
Kai-Chieh Chan ◽  
Chih-Yu Hu ◽  
Hsuan-Yeh Fang ◽  
Che-Ming Wu

2022 ◽  
Se Young Jung ◽  
Da Som Me Park ◽  
Hui-Woun Moon

BACKGROUND No studies have been conducted on smart devices that provide integrated nursing for patients' urinary & bowel elimination needs. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility of a smart excretion care system tethered to Electronic Medical Record (EMR) in a tertiary hospital and community care setting and discuss the expectations of the reducing burden of nursing care. METHODS Focus group interviews were conducted based on the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research Guidelines. The interviews were conducted in March, 2021, involving 67 participants who had worked at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital for more than one year and had experience assisting patients with excretion care. Data were collected using both purposive and snowball sampling methods. RESULTS This research found four themes relevant to the Smart Excretion Care System: expectations of reducing burdens of nursing care, applicable indications (by departments and diseases), preferred features/functions, and expected benefits of using the Smart Excretion Care system at the clinical facilities. Nurses from the Comprehensive Nursing Service wards were found to have the highest burden of excretion care. It was a common opinion that the Smart Excretion Care System would be very useful in the Intensive Care Unit, and it should be applied first to patients with stroke or dementia. CONCLUSIONS Excretion care is one of the most bothersome tasks for nurses that increase their workload. The further development of the Smart Excretion Care System, as a digital health intervention, can help improve nurses’work efficiency and reduce their burden as well as expand to caregivers and guardians.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document