Reactive Protein
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Author(s):  
Tiziana Cena ◽  
Gianmaria Cammarota ◽  
Danila Azzolina ◽  
Michela Barini ◽  
Simona Bazzano ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Estimating the risk of intubation and mortality among COVID-19 patients can help clinicians triage these patients and allocate resources more efficiently. Thus, here we sought to identify the risk factors associated with intubation and intra-hospital mortality in a cohort of COVID-19 patients hospitalized due to hypoxemic acute respiratory failure (ARF). Results We included retrospectively a total of 187 patients admitted to the subintensive and intensive care units of the University Hospital “Maggiore della Carità” of Novara between March 1st and April 30th, 2020. Based on these patients’ demographic characteristics, early clinical and laboratory variables, and quantitative chest computerized tomography (CT) findings, we developed two random forest (RF) models able to predict intubation and intra-hospital mortality. Variables independently associated with intubation were C-reactive protein (p < 0.001), lactate dehydrogenase level (p = 0.018) and white blood cell count (p = 0.026), while variables independently associated with mortality were age (p < 0.001), other cardiovascular diseases (p = 0.029), C-reactive protein (p = 0.002), lactate dehydrogenase level (p = 0.018), and invasive mechanical ventilation (p = 0.001). On quantitative chest CT analysis, ground glass opacity, consolidation, and fibrosis resulted significantly associated with patient intubation and mortality. The major predictors for both models were the ratio between partial pressure of arterial oxygen and fraction of inspired oxygen, age, lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, glycemia, CT quantitative parameters, lymphocyte count, and symptom onset. Conclusions Altogether, our findings confirm previously reported demographic, clinical, hemato-chemical, and radiologic predictors of adverse outcome among COVID-19-associated hypoxemic ARF patients. The two newly developed RF models herein described show an overall good level of accuracy in predicting intra-hospital mortality and intubation in our study population. Thus, their future development and implementation may help not only identify patients at higher risk of deterioration more effectively but also rebalance the disproportion between resources and demand.


Author(s):  
Zudin Puthucheary ◽  
Jean-Marc Tadié ◽  
Jayshil J. Patel

Author(s):  
A. Seval Ozgu-Erdinc ◽  
Ilay Gozukara ◽  
Serkan Kahyaoglu ◽  
Saynur Yilmaz ◽  
Omer Hamit Yumusak ◽  
...  

Abstract Objectives Studies have established a relationship between proinflammatory factors and implantation failure in IVF/ICSI cycles. Likewise, low-grade chronic inflammation is generally blamed for predisposing infertility. In the present study, we aimed to find a relationship between serum IL-6 and hs-CRP levels and IVF/ICSI cycle outcomes. Methods A total of 129 patients who consented to participate and attended the IVF unit of our department for the treatment of infertility have been enrolled in this prospective cohort study. Serum levels of high sensitive C-reactive protein and interleukin 6 have been detected at the beginning of the IVF/ICSI ovulation induction cycle. Cycle outcomes have been compared between patients with and without clinical pregnancy achievement following ART treatments. IVF/ICSI cycle outcomes of these two groups were also comparable except the number of >14 mm follicles, retrieved oocytes, metaphase II oocytes, and fertilized oocytes (2 pronuclei) which were in favor of the clinical pregnancy group. Results Mean serum hs-CRP levels were 3.08 mg/L (0.12–35.04) and 2.28 mg/L (0.09–22.52) patients with and without clinical pregnancy respectively. Mean serum IL-6 levels were 2 pg/mL (1–10.2) and 2 pg/mL (1–76.9) patients with and without clinical pregnancy respectively. Both tests were found to be statistically insignificant in predicting the success of the ART cycle in terms of implantation, clinical pregnancy, miscarriage, and live birth. Conclusions In the present study, we have not found any significant effect of hs-CRP and IL-6 levels in the IVF cycle. However, in the light of this and previous studies, large-scale research may prove the exact influence of these markers on IVF success.


BioMedicine ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (4) ◽  
pp. 66-72
Author(s):  
Ahmed Abdul-Abbas Bayram ◽  
Hussein O.M. Al-Dahmoshi ◽  
Noor S.K. Al-Khafaji ◽  
Raheem Tuama Obayes Al Mammori ◽  
Ali Husain Shilib Al-Shimmery ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Author(s):  
Nabin Raj Karki ◽  
Ahmed Samire Arfa ◽  
Natasha Savage ◽  
Abdullah Kutlar

Benign and polyclonal proliferation of immature T cells in a lymph node with preserved morphological architecture is called indolent T-lymphoblastic proliferation (iT-LBP). Although overall rare, they have been described in association with both benign and malignant disorders including Castleman disease. We report the first case of idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease associated with iT-LBP, all previous reports of iT-LBP in Castleman disease were unicentric. A 37-year-old-male presented with 3 months of fevers and B-symptoms and was found to have enlargement of multiple bilateral lymph node sites on both sides of diaphragm along with splenomegaly. Anemia, elevated C-reactive protein, hypoalbuminemia, and elevated interleukin-6 levels were present. Biopsy of a lymph node showed features suggestive of idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease and iT-LBP. Bone marrow biopsy was unremarkable. Siltuximab and steroids were used to treat the condition.


PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (11) ◽  
pp. e0259652
Author(s):  
Julia Struppek ◽  
Renate B. Schnabel ◽  
Carolin Walther ◽  
Guido Heydecke ◽  
Udo Seedorf ◽  
...  

Background/Aim Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major health problem and causes heart failure and stroke. Pathophysiological mechanisms indicate a link with oral health including periodontitis (PD), but supporting data are scarce. The aim was to investigate the link between features of oral health and the prevalence of AF. Methods This cross-sectional analysis of the Hamburg City Health Study included 5,634 participants with complete data on their PD and AF status. AF was assessed via self-reported questionnaire or medically diagnosed by standard 12-lead resting ECG. The oral health examination included full-mouth measurements of the dental plaque index (PI), the clinical attachment loss (CAL) at 6 sites per tooth, the bleeding on probing (BOP) and the decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index. Descriptive analyses for all variables stratified by the status of PD were performed. To test for an association between prevalent PD and prevalent AF, multivariable logistic regression models were used. Mediation analysis was used to test if interleukin-6 (IL-6) and/or C-reactive protein (CRP) mediated the association between PD and AF. Results Atrial fibrillation (prevalence: 5.6%) and the severity of PD (prevalence: moderate: 57.7%, severe: 18.9%) increased with age in men and women. Prevalent severe PD, CAL ≥3 mm, PI, and BOP were all associated with prevalent AF in unadjusted regression analysis. However, no association except for PI (odds ratio (OR): 1.22, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1–1.35, p<0.001) could be observed after adjusting for age, sex, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), body mass index, diabetes, smoking, and educational level. Participants brushing their teeth at least twice daily had a lower AF prevalence compared with those brushing only once daily. Hs-CRP, IL-6, and the odds of AF increased as a function of PD severity grades in unadjusted analysis. However, neither the DMFT index nor IL-6 or CRP was associated with AF after adjusting for age and sex. Mediation analyses could not provide support for the hypothesis that IL-6 or CRP acted as mediator of the association between prevalent PD and prevalent AF. Conclusion The study shows an association between prevalent AF and increased dental plaque levels indicated by a higher PI. In contrast, an association of prevalent PD with prevalent AF after adjustments for several confounders could not be demonstrated. Further studies are necessary to investigate the mechanisms underlying poor oral hygiene and AF as well as the influence of improved oral hygiene on AF onset.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (5) ◽  
pp. 979-983
Author(s):  
J. F. Carvalho ◽  
L. R. Cordeiro ◽  
F. F. Silva ◽  
L. Mota ◽  
C. Rodrigues ◽  
...  

Introduction. Chikungunya virus infection (CKV) may lead to chronic arthritis in up to 40% of the patients. There are previous data regarding positive auto antibodies in CKV. Objective is to systematically evaluate the prevalence of auto antibodies in CKV patients. Methods. All study participants had clinical manifestations being CKV positive at least serologally or by RT-PCR data. The following autoantibodies were assessed: antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-dsDNA, anti-Sm, anti-Ro/SS-A, anti-La/SS-B, anti-U1RNP, IgG and IgM anticardiolipin, anticyclic citrullinated peptide (antiCCP), rheumatoid factor (RF), antiribosomal P protein, lupus anticoagulant, anti-Jo-1 and anti-Scl-70. CH100, C3 and C4 complement components, serum levels of immunoglobulins, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, alpha1-acid glycoprotein, antithyroglobulin, antithyroperoxidase, TRAb, 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), dengue and zika IgG and IgM antibodies were also measured. Results. 30 CKV patients were included. Mean age was 59.1±15.7 years, 85% females and 77% Caucasian subjects. Disease duration comprised 4.9±4.0 months. Oligoarthritis was observed in 93% cases. Mean C-reactive protein levels were 10.1±6.8 ng/dL, erythrocyte sedimentation rate — 34.2±19.9 mm/1st hour and alpha1-acid glycoprotein 115.5±52.6 mg/dL. Intramuscular betamethasone depot single dose injection was administered in 54%, prednisone — in 15% and methotrexate — in 23% cases. Importantly, 1/30 (3.3%) cases was positive for ANA, 4/30 (13.3%) — for RF and none was positive for anti-CCP or any other autoantibodies. Complement and immunoglobulin levels were all within the normal range. Low levels of 25OHD were observed in 88% cases.


Author(s):  
Sangeeta Gahlot ◽  
Surendra Yadav ◽  
Makkhan Lal Saini

Background: To find the levels of serum CRP in confirmed Covid-19 patients and to compare their levels in patients with mild to moderate disease and patients with severe disease who required ICU care for management. Methods: A Cross sectional study was carried out on 100 confirmed cases of Covid-19, in whom Serum levels of Random sugar (RBS), Creatinine, Urea, C- reactive protein (CRP) were measured. Results: The levels of serum Urea, Creatinine were significantly increased in group II when compared to group 1, and the levels of CRP were significantly increased with p value <0.0001 in group IIwhen compared to group I. Conclusion: Findings of our study suggest that determination of biochemical parameters like CRP at the time of hospitalization helps in predicting the severity of disease and need for ICU for better treatment management and prevention of adverse outcome. Keywords: Severe acute respiratory syndrome, Covid-19, C- reactive protein, Intensive care unit.


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