lung adenocarcinoma
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2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (3) ◽  
pp. 544-548
Author(s):  
Hajime Yokota ◽  
Hiroki Mukai ◽  
Shinya Hattori ◽  
Kenji Ohira ◽  
Akio Higuchi ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (2) ◽  
pp. 380-384
Author(s):  
Ratya Kirana Sadono ◽  
Yudhistira Pradnyan Kloping ◽  
Fierly Hayati

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Author(s):  
Lingge Yang ◽  
Yuan Wu ◽  
Huan Xu ◽  
Jingnan Zhang ◽  
Xinjie Zheng ◽  
...  

ObjectiveThis study was conducted in order to establish a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-based model for predicting overall survival (OS) in patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD).MethodsOriginal RNA-seq data of LUAD samples were extracted from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Univariate Cox survival analysis was performed to select lncRNAs associated with OS. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis and multivariate Cox analysis were performed for building an OS-associated lncRNA prognostic model. Moreover, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to assess predictive values of the hub lncRNAs. Consequently, qRT-PCR was conducted to validate its prognostic value. The potential roles of these lncRNAs in immunotherapy and anti-angiogenic therapy were also investigated.ResultsThe lncRNA-associated risk score of OS (LARSO) was established based on the LASSO coefficient of six individual lncRNAs, including CTD-2124B20.2, CTD-2168K21.1, DEPDC1-AS1, RP1-290I10.3, RP11-454K7.3, and RP11-95M5.1. Kaplan–Meier analysis revealed that LUAD patients with higher LARSO values had a shorter OS. Furthermore, a new risk score (NRS), including LARSO, stage, and N stage, could better predict the prognosis of LUAD patients compared with LARSO alone. Evaluation of the prognostic model in our cohort demonstrated that patients with higher scores had a worse prognosis. In addition, correlation analysis between these six lncRNAs and immune checkpoints or anti-angiogenic targets suggested that LUAD patients with high LARSO might not be sensitive to immunotherapy or anti-angiogenic therapy.ConclusionsThis robust six-lncRNA prognostic signature may be used as a novel and powerful prognostic biomarker for lung adenocarcinoma.


2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Zijian Ma ◽  
Ganyi Chen ◽  
Yiqian Chen ◽  
Zizhang Guo ◽  
Hao Chai ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still one of the diseases with the highest mortality and morbidity, and lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) accounts for more than half of all NSCLC cases in most countries. miRNA can be used as a potential biological marker and treatment for lung adenocarcinoma. However, the effect of miR-937-3p to the invasion and metastasis of LUAD cells is not clear. Methods miRNA microarray is used to analyze the expression of miRNA in lung adenocarcinoma tissue. Transwell migration, Wound-healing assay and Western blot analysis are used to analyze cell migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) capabilities. Tube formation is used to assess angiogenesis ability. In addition, dual luciferase reporter gene detection is used to identify the potential binding between miRNA and target mRNA. In vivo experiments were performed on male NOD/SCID nude mice by tail vein injection to establish a transplanted tumor model. The CHIP experiment is used to verify the transcription factors of miRNA. Result In our study, miR-937-3p was high-regulated in LUAD cell lines and tissues, and its expression level was related to tumor progression. We found that miR-937-3p high-expression has an effect on cell invasion and metastasis. In molecular mechanism, miR-937-3p causes SOX11 reduction by directly binding to the 3′-UTR of SOX11.In addition, MYC affects miR-937-3p transcription by binding to its promoter region. Conclusions Our research shows that miR-937-3p is mediated by MYC and can control the angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis of LUAD by regulating SOX11, thereby promoting the progress of LUAD. We speculate that miR-937-3p can be used as a therapeutic target and potential biomarker for LUAD.


2022 ◽  
pp. 088532822110658
Author(s):  
Keying Xue ◽  
Bingqing Luo ◽  
Xiaoqing Li ◽  
Weixian Deng ◽  
Chunyan Zeng ◽  
...  

This study was designed to investigate the feasibility of genetic testing using circulating tumor cells (CTCs) instead of tumor tissues in lung adenocarcinoma to break through its limitation. Separation system for epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and Vimentin expressing CTCs was constructed and used to capture CTCs in the blood samples of 57 patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Genetic mutations of genes involved in targeted therapies were detected by next-generation sequencing (NGS) in tissues from these patients. Blood CTC samples with the gene mutations identified by tissue-NGS were selected and corresponding gene mutations were detected by Sanger sequencing. The specificity of the CTC separation system was 95.48% and the sensitivity was 90.85%. The average number of CTCs in the blood of patients with lung adenocarcinoma was 12.47/7.5 mL. Comparison of the tissue-NGS with the CTC-Sanger sequencing showed that the consistencies of genetic mutations of EGFR ( n = 24), KRAS ( n = 9), TP53 ( n = 19), BRAF ( n = 1), ERBB2 ( n = 2), and PIK3CA ( n = 3) were 92.31%, 75.00%, 86.36%, 50.00%, 66.67%, and 75.00%, with an overall consistency of 84.06%. The CTC separation system established in this study shows high specificity and sensitivity. CTCs can be used as a suitable alternative to tumor tissues that are difficult to obtain in clinical practice and overcome the difficulties in tumor tissue collection, which is of significance in guiding clinical medication and individualized treatment with significant clinical application value in terms of genetic testing for targeted therapies in tumor treatment.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Su Wang ◽  
Zhen Xie ◽  
Zenghong Wu

Background: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most common and lethal subtype of lung cancer. Ferroptosis, an iron-dependent form of regulated cell death, has emerged as a target in cancer therapy. However, the prognostic value of ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs)x in LUAD remains to be explored.Methods: In this study, we used RNA sequencing data and relevant clinical data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset to construct and validate a prognostic FRG signature for overall survival (OS) in LUAD patients and defined potential biomarkers for ferroptosis-related tumor therapy.Results: A total of 86 differentially expressed FRGs were identified from LUAD tumor tissues versus normal tissues, of which 15 FRGs were significantly associated with OS in the survival analysis. Through the LASSO Cox regression analysis, a prognostic signature including 11 FRGs was established to predict OS in the TCGA tumor cohort. Based on the median value of risk scores calculated according to the signature, patients were divided into high-risk and low-risk groups. Kaplan–Meier analysis indicated that the high-risk group had a poorer OS than the low-risk group. The area under the curve of this signature was 0.74 in the TCGA tumor set, showing good discrimination. In the GEO validation set, the prognostic signature also had good predictive performance. Functional enrichment analysis showed that some immune-associated gene sets were significantly differently enriched in two risk groups.Conclusion: Our study unearthed a novel ferroptosis-related gene signature for predicting the prognosis of LUAD, and the signature may provide useful prognostic biomarkers and potential treatment targets.


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