nematic liquid crystals
Recently Published Documents





Yulin Zhao ◽  
Feng Liang ◽  
Xiangru Wang ◽  
Deshuang Zhao ◽  
Bing-Zhong Wang

Abstract Topological valley transport in photonic crystals (PCs) has attracted great attention owing to its edge modes immune to backscattering. However, flexibly dynamically controlling and reconfiguring the pathway of the topological one-way propagation is still challenging. Here, we propose a tunable and programmable valley PC structure based on nematic liquid crystals (LCs). Inversion symmetry breaking and topological transition are implemented through controlling the relative permittivity of the LC cells. Topological protection of valley edge states and valley-locked beam splitting are demonstrated. Moreover, the LC-based PC can be discretized to a number of supercells, each of which can be coded with “0” or “1”. The wave propagation pathway can be dynamically reconfigured by programming different coding patterns.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (2) ◽  
pp. 023201
Jiahao Chen ◽  
Chaoyi Li ◽  
Luyao Sun ◽  
Lingling Ma ◽  
Bingxiang Li ◽  

Soft Matter ◽  
2022 ◽  
Fumiya Nemoto ◽  
Norifumi L. Yamada ◽  
Masahiro Hino ◽  
Hiroyuki Aoki ◽  
Hideki Seto

Surface aligning agents, such as amphiphilic surfactants, are widely used to control the initial alignment of nematic liquid crystals (NLCs) in liquid crystal displays (LCDs). Generally, these agents are first...

2022 ◽  
Jose Rodrigo Magana ◽  
Adrià Pérez-Calm ◽  
Carlos Rodríguez-Abreu

Planar multiaromatic molecules hierarchically and selectively arrange into nematic chromonic liquid crystals in the room temperature ionic liquid 2-hydroxyethylammonium formate. In a proof-of-concept, these liquid crystals were used as reaction...

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 157
Maciej Czajkowski ◽  
Joanna Feder-Kubis ◽  
Bartłomiej Potaniec ◽  
Łukasz Duda ◽  
Joanna Cybińska

Mixtures of nematic liquid crystals (LCs) with chiral ionic liquids (CILs) may find application as active materials for electrically driven broadband mirrors. Five nematic liquid crystal hosts were mixed with twenty three ionic liquids, including chiral ones, and studied in terms of their miscibility within the nematic phase. Phase diagrams of the mixtures with CILs which exhibited twisted nematic phase were determined. Miscibility, at levels between 2 and 5 wt%, was found in six mixtures with cyanobiphenyl-based liquid crystal host—E7. On the other hand, the highest changes in the isotropization temperature was found in the mixtures with isothiocyanate-based liquid crystal host—1825. Occurrence of chemical reactions was found. A novel chiral binaphtyl-based organic salt [N11116][BNDP] was synthesized and, in reaction to the 1825 host, resulted in high helical twisting power product(s). Selectivity of the reaction with the isothiocyanate-based liquid crystal was found.

Polymers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (24) ◽  
pp. 4465
Georgi B. Hadjichristov ◽  
Todor E. Vlakhov ◽  
Yordan G. Marinov ◽  
Nicola Scaramuzza

Complex electrical impedance and dielectric spectroscopy were applied to study the dielectric relaxations and their thermal behavior in ion-conducting composites/complexes from polymer poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and E8 nematic liquid crystals (LCs), at the compositional ratio PEO:E8 = 70:30 wt%. Flexible thin films of PEO/E8 with a thickness of 150 μm were inspected, as well as such films from Na+ ion-conducting electrolyte PEO/E8/NaIO4 with the same PEO:E8 compositional ratio, but additionally containing 10 wt.% from the salt sodium metaperiodate (NaIO4) as a dopant of Na+ ions. The molecular dynamics, namely the dielectric relaxation of PEO/E8 and PEO/E8/NaIO4, were characterized through analyses of complex impedance and dielectric spectra measured in the frequency range of 1 Hz–1 MHz, under variation of temperature from below to above the glass-transition temperature of these composites. The relaxation and polarization of dipole formations in PEO/E8 and PEO/E8/NaIO4 were evidenced and compared in terms of both electrical impedance and dielectric response depending on temperature. The results obtained for molecular organization, molecular relaxation dynamics, and electric polarization in the studied ion-conducting polymer/LC composites/complexes can be helpful in the optimization of their structure and performance, and are attractive for applications in flexible organic electronics, energy storage devices, and mechatronics.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document