chronic hepatitis c
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Cytokine ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 150 ◽  
pp. 155784
Rodrigo José Videres Cordeiro de Brito ◽  
Rodrigo Feliciano do Carmo ◽  
Bruna Manuella Souza Silva ◽  
Ana Clara Santos Costa ◽  
Sura Wanessa Santos Rocha ◽  

2022 ◽  
Luis Jesuino de Oliveira Andrade ◽  
Ingrid Silva Santos Padilha ◽  
Luis Matos de Oliveira ◽  
Gabriela Correia Matos de Oliveira ◽  
Raymundo Parana

Background: In the patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) various immune mediated phenomena are described, and non organ specific autoantibodies (NOSAs) in particular are common. The aim of the present study was to investigate the NOSAs prevalence in chronic hepatitis C treatment naive patients. Patients and Methods: Sera of 76 consecutive HCV treatment naive patients were considered to be eligible for this study for evaluation of Antinuclear, antismooth muscle, antimitochondrial, antineutrophil cytoplasmatic and antiliver kidney microsomal antibodies. Criteria of eligibility were serum antiHCV antibody and HCV RNA positivity, chronic inflammation revealed by histological analysis of the liver, genotyping, treatment naive patients, and no have the diagnosis of probable or definite autoimmune hepatitis. Results: Mean chronological age for the 76 patients (44 females and 32 males) was 51.3 years (range: 20 to 67 years). Nineteen patients (25.0%) infected with HCV had detectable levels of NOSAs at before combined antiviral treatment. SMA was present in 16 (21.0%) of 76 patients, ANA in 2 patients (2.6%), and pANCA (perinuclear ANCA) in 1 patients (1.3%). No patient had specimens reactive to AMA, LMK, or cANCA (cytoplasmic ANCA). Conclusions: In this study, we show the NOSAs positivity in chronic hepatitis c treatment naive patients. Assigned to high prevalence of SMA positivity is associated with high METAVIR score, and HCV genotype 1 and 1b, may reflect a release of intracellular antigens at the time of hepatocellular injury triggering immune responses in the form of autoantibody production or a direct infection of immunocytes by the HCV. Keywords: hepatitis C, treatment naive, non organ specific antibodies, chronic liver disease

2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (1) ◽  
pp. 49-55
Gang Liu ◽  
Fang Liu ◽  
Hui-Ling Xiang ◽  
Ya-Ping Zhang ◽  
Li-Li Shi ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 28 (1) ◽  
pp. 140-153
Ming-Ying Lu ◽  
Ming-Lun Yeh ◽  
Ching-I Huang ◽  
Shu-Chi Wang ◽  
Yi-Shan Tsai ◽  

Viruses ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 96
Paweł Pabjan ◽  
Michał Brzdęk ◽  
Magdalena Chrapek ◽  
Kacper Dziedzic ◽  
Krystyna Dobrowolska ◽  

Difficult-to-treat populations with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), in the era of interferon treatment, included patients with liver cirrhosis, kidney impairment, treatment-experienced individuals, and those coinfected with the human immunodeficiency virus. The current study aimed to determine whether, in the era of direct-acting antivirals (DAA), there are still patients that are difficult-to-treat. The study included all consecutive patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) who started interferon-free therapy between July 2015 and December 2020 in the Department of Infectious Diseases in Kielce. The analyzed real-world population consisted of 963 patients, and most of them were infected with genotype 1 (87.6%) with the predominance of subtype 1b and were treatment-naïve (78.8%). Liver cirrhosis was determined in 207 individuals (21.5%), of whom 82.6% were compensated. The overall sustained virologic response, after exclusion of non-virologic failures, was achieved in 98.4%. The univariable analysis demonstrated the significantly lower response rates in males, patients with liver cirrhosis, decompensation of hepatic function at baseline, documented esophageal varices, concomitant diabetes, body mass index ≥25, and previous ineffective antiviral treatment. Despite an overall very high effectiveness, some unfavorable factors, including male gender, genotype 3 infection, liver cirrhosis, and treatment experience, significantly reduce the chances for a virologic response were identified.


Objective: Today, with the availability of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), the value of therapeutic patient education (TPE) in chronic hepatitis C needs to be redefined, as these drugs have made treatment simple. The study presented here in sought to define what role TPE plays today in hepatitis C management along with what factors are associated with such programs being used. Methods: We included 786 patients mono-infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) who underwent treatment with DAAs. 284 of whom benefited from a TPE program (36.1%). The characteristics of HCV and how it was treated were compared retrospectively between TPE+ and TPE- patients. The TPE program was overseen by a nurse. Results: The following factors were associated with TPE on multivariate analysis: migrant status (OR=3.63, 95%CI: 2.24-5.96, p <0.001), advanced fibrosis (OR=1.73, 95%CI: 1.08-2.76, p=0.022), tobacco use (OR=1.84, 95%CI: 1.10-3.08, p=0.020) and pangenotypic DAA treatment (OR=0.42, 95%CI: 0.26-0.68, p <0.001). Sustained virological response at 12 weeks (SVR 12) was 96% in both groups. Conclusion: Overall, TPE was primarily followed by migrants during their HCV management as part of overall medico-psycho-social care, and primarily those with severe disease. Practice implication: TPE could help reduce the impact of social inequality on health.

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