frp bars
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
pp. 136943322110651
Ruiming Cao ◽  
Bai Zhang ◽  
Luming Wang ◽  
Jianming Ding ◽  
Xianhua Chen

Alkali-activated materials (AAMs) are considered an eco-friendly alternative to ordinary Portland cement (OPC) for mitigating greenhouse-gas emissions and enabling efficient waste recycling. In this paper, an innovative seawater sea-sand concrete (SWSSC), that is, seawater sea-sand alkali-activated concrete (SWSSAAC), was developed using AAMs instead of OPC to explore the application of marine resources and to improve the durability of conventional SWSSC structures. Then, three types of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) bars, that is, basalt-FRP, glass-FRP, and carbon-FRP bars, were selected to investigate their bond behavior with SWSSAAC at different alkaline dosages (3%, 4%, and 6% Na2O contents). The experimental results manifested that the utilization of the alkali-activated binders can increase the splitting tensile strength ( ft) of the concrete due to the denser microstructures of AAMs than OPC pastes. This improved characteristic was helpful in enhancing the bond performance of FRP bars, especially the slope of bond-slip curves in the ascending section (i.e., bond stiffness). Approximately three times enhancement in terms of the initial bond rigidity was achieved with SWSSAAC compared to SWSSC at the same concrete strength. Furthermore, compared with the BFRP and GFRP bars, the specimens reinforced with the CFRP bars experienced higher bond strength and bond rigidity due to their relatively high tensile strength and elastic modulus. Additionally, significant improvements in initial bond stiffness and bond strength were also observed as the alkaline contents (i.e., concrete strength) of the SWSSAAC were aggrandized, demonstrating the integration of the FRP bars and SWSSAAC is achievable, which contributes to an innovative channel for the development of SWSSC pavements or structures.

2022 ◽  
pp. 136943322110542
Nagajothi Subramanian ◽  
Elavenil Solaiyan ◽  
Angalaeswari Sendrayaperumal ◽  
Natrayan Lakshmaiya

The paper presents the experimental investigations on the flexural behaviour of geopolymer concrete beams reinforced with Basalt Fibre Reinforced Polymer (BFRP)/Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) rebars and the effect of inclusion of the new adhesively bonded BFRP/GFRP stirrups. M30 grade geopolymer and conventional concrete beams with the dimension of 100 × 160 × 1700 mm were cast to investigae the flexural behaviour of BFRP/GFRP and steel bars. This study also examined the mode of failure, deflection behaviour, curvature moment capacity, crack width, pattern, propagation, strains and average crack width of the BFRP/GFRP bars with stirrups in the geopolymer concretes using a four-point static bending test. The results were compared to that of conventional steel-reinforced concrete, and it was found that the Basalt and Glass reinforced polymer beams demonstrated premature failure and sudden shear failure. Further, the FRP bars exhibited higher mid-span deflection, crack width and crack propagation than steel bars. Crack spacing of the FRP bars decreased with an increase in the number of cracks. The correlation between the load and the deflection behaviour of the beams was determined using statistical analysis of multi variables regression.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 712
Emad Abraik ◽  
Maged A. Youssef ◽  
Salah F. El-Fitiany

Reinforced concrete (RC) walls are extensively used in high-rise buildings to resist lateral loads, while ensuring an adequate level of ductility. Durability problems, including corrosion of conventional steel reinforcements, necessitate exploring alternative types of reinforcement. The use of glass fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) bars is a potential solution. However, these bars cannot be used in seismic applications because of their brittleness and inability to dissipate seismic energy. Superelastic shape memory alloy (SMA) is a corrosion-free material with high ductility and unique self-centering ability. Its high cost is a major barrier to use in construction projects. The clear advantage of utilizing both SMA and FRP to achieve durable self-centering structures has motivated the development of a composite SMA-FRP bar. This paper investigates the hybrid use of FRP bars and either SMA bars or composite SMA-FRP in concrete shear walls. An extensive parametric study was conducted to study the effect of different design parameters on the lateral performance of hybrid RC walls. The seismic behavior of the hybrid walls was then examined. The hybrid walls not only solved the durability problem but also significantly improved the seismic performance.

2022 ◽  
pp. 136943322110523
Sarwar Hasan Mohmmad ◽  
Mehmet Eren Gülşan ◽  
Abdulkadir Çevik

This study examines the punching shear and deflection performance of 16 Geopolymer concrete (GC) two-way slabs subjected to monotonic and cyclic loading by considering the reinforcement material, percentage of reinforcement, type of concrete and the concrete grade. The tested specimens indicated that the crack patterns at the failure and failure modes were almost similar regardless of the type of reinforcement or their ratio. Moreover, the slabs reinforced by fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) bars exhibited a lower punching capacity than those strengthened by steel bars, even for similar reinforcement ratios. In addition, the results showed that upon increasing the concrete strength and reinforcement ratio, a higher punching shear capacity and lower deflections were obtained under cyclic and monotonic loading. In addition, the punching shear performance of GC slabs was found to be better than that of ordinary concrete (OC), even though both were reinforced by the basalt FRP (BFRP) bar. However, the ultimate load capacity of the slabs was reduced as a result of cyclic loading according to the capacity of the same specimen, resulting from static loading. However, the reduction is very low for slabs reinforced with FRP slabs. Further, the slabs reinforced by FRP had a better fatigue performance compared with slabs reinforced by steel bars with respect to cyclic loading. The results of the tests were also used to evaluate the accuracy of the available punching shear capacity equations.

2022 ◽  
Vol 315 ◽  
pp. 125461
Giulia Trabacchin ◽  
Wendel Sebastian ◽  
Mingzhong Zhang

Structures ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 35 ◽  
pp. 684-705
Alireza Arabshahi ◽  
Masoumeh Tavakol ◽  
Javad Sabzi ◽  
Nima Gharaei-Moghaddam

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document