radiation shielding
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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-7
Recep Kurtuluş ◽  
Taner Kavas ◽  
Abdullah Gayret ◽  
Dilara Biçeroğlu

2022 ◽  
Vol 276 ◽  
pp. 115519
Abuzer Acikgoz ◽  
Gokhan Demircan ◽  
Demet Yılmaz ◽  
Bulent Aktas ◽  
Serife Yalcin ◽  

Optik ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 251 ◽  
pp. 168433
Vinod Hegde ◽  
Sudha D. Kamath ◽  
Imen Kebaili ◽  
M.I. Sayyed ◽  
K.N. Sathish ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 319 ◽  
pp. 126098
P. Tamayo ◽  
C. Thomas ◽  
J. Rico ◽  
S. Pérez ◽  
A. Mañanes

Science ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 375 (6577) ◽  
pp. 202-205
Richard G. Kraus ◽  
Russell J. Hemley ◽  
Suzanne J. Ali ◽  
Jonathan L. Belof ◽  
Lorin X. Benedict ◽  

Terapascal iron-melting temperature The pressure and temperature conditions at which iron melts are important for terrestrial planets because they determine the size of the liquid metal core, an important factor for understanding the potential for generating a radiation-shielding magnetic field. Kraus et al . used laser-driven shock to determine the iron-melt curve up to a pressure of 1000 gigapascals (see the Perspective by Zhang and Lin). This value is about three times that of the Earth’s inner core boundary. The authors found that the liquid metal core lasted the longest for Earth-like planets four to six times larger in mass than the Earth. —BG

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 937
Thair Hussein Khazaalah ◽  
Iskandar Shahrim Mustafa ◽  
M. I. Sayyed ◽  
Azhar Abdul Rahman ◽  
Mohd Hafiz Mohd Zaid ◽  

In the current study, BaO was doped in Bi2O3-ZnO-B2O3-SLS glass to develop lead-free radiation shielding glasses and to solve the dark brown of bismuth glass. The melt-quenching method was utilized to fabricate (x) BaO (1 − x)[0.3 ZnO 0.2 Bi2O3 0.2 B2O3 0.3 SLS] (where x are 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, and 0.05 mol) at 1200 °C. Soda lime silica glass waste (SLS), which is mostly composed of 74.1% SiO2, was used to obtain SiO2. The mass attenuation coefficient (μm) was investigated utilizing X-ray fluorescence (XRF) at 16.61, 17.74, 21.17, and 25.27 keV and narrow beam geometry at 59.54, 662, and 1333 keV. Moreover, the other parameters related to gamma ray shielding properties such as half-value layer (HVL), mean free path (MFP), and effective atomic number (Zeff) were computed depending on μm values. The results indicated that HVL and MFP decreased, whereas μm increased with an increase in BaO concentration. According to these results, it can be concluded that BaO doped in Bi2O3-ZnO-B2O3-SLS glass is a nontoxic, transparent to visible light, and a good shielding material against radiation.

2022 ◽  
Jamila S. Alzahrani ◽  
M. K. Halimah ◽  
K. Mahmoud ◽  
M. I. Sayyed ◽  

Abstract The investigation involves a comprehensive study on the mechanical and shielding features of the zinc erbium tellurite glasses as a function of doped Ag2O content. The mechanical features are estimated for the examined glasses by utilizing the Makishima-Makinzie model. The results showed the mechanical moduli of Young (E), bulk (B), Shear (K), and longitudinal (L) increased with the increment of the Ag2O substitution ratio. Besides, the radiation shielding properties were also studied and discussed. Among the shielding parameters, the linear attenuation coefficient (LAC), half-value layer (HVL), the lead equivalent and transmission rate (TR) were estimated. The linear attenuation coefficient results illustrated that the TZEAg glasses are better compared to the commercial marketing glasses, especially TZEAg5 glasses. Doping of Ag2O content in zinc erbium tellurite glass improves its ability to attenuate the gamma photons. Also, this study revealed the effectiveness of the examined glasses on the fast neutron, where the fast neutron mass removal cross-section ∑R (cm2/g) computed theoretically. The results offered the maximum value of ∑R = 0.019 cm2/g attained for TZEAg1 while the minimum value ∑R = 0.01884 cm2/g for TZEAg5 glass.

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